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Social vulnerability as a predictor of physical activity and screen time in European children

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Abstract
To examine associations between social vulnerabilities and meeting physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST) recommendations during a 2-year follow-up. 13,891 children aged 2.0 to < 9.9 from eight European countries were assessed at baseline and 8482 children at follow-up. Children's sports club membership, PA and ST were collected via parental questionnaires. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was objectively assessed with accelerometers. Performing at least 1 h of MVPA daily and spending less than 2 h of ST defined physically active and non-sedentary children, respectively. Vulnerable groups were defined at baseline as children whose parents had minimal social networks, from non-traditional families, with migrant origin or with unemployed parents. Logistic mixed-effects analyses were performed adjusting for classical socioeconomic indicators. Children whose parents had minimal social networks had a higher risk of non-compliance with PA recommendations (subjectively assessed) at baseline. Migrants and children with unemployed parents had longer ST. All vulnerable groups were less likely to be sports club members. Migrants and children with unemployed parents are at risk for excessive ST and all vulnerable groups have lower odds of being sports club members.
Keywords
Vulnerable groups, Physical activity, Accelerometry, Screen time, Children, IDEFICS study, BODY-MASS INDEX, SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR, FAMILY-STRUCTURE, SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS, YOUTH, ADOLESCENTS, TELEVISION, IDEFICS

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Citation

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Chicago
Iguacel, Isabel, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Karin Bammann, Charalambos Chadjigeorgiou, Stefaan De Henauw, Regina Heidinger-Felső, Lauren Lissner, et al. 2018. “Social Vulnerability as a Predictor of Physical Activity and Screen Time in European Children.” International Journal of Public Health 63 (2): 283–295.
APA
Iguacel, I., Fernández-Alvira, J. M., Bammann, K., Chadjigeorgiou, C., De Henauw, S., Heidinger-Felső, R., Lissner, L., et al. (2018). Social vulnerability as a predictor of physical activity and screen time in European children. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 63(2), 283–295.
Vancouver
1.
Iguacel I, Fernández-Alvira JM, Bammann K, Chadjigeorgiou C, De Henauw S, Heidinger-Felső R, et al. Social vulnerability as a predictor of physical activity and screen time in European children. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 2018;63(2):283–95.
MLA
Iguacel, Isabel, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Karin Bammann, et al. “Social Vulnerability as a Predictor of Physical Activity and Screen Time in European Children.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 63.2 (2018): 283–295. Print.
@article{8542108,
  abstract     = {To examine associations between social vulnerabilities and meeting physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST) recommendations during a 2-year follow-up. 
13,891 children aged 2.0 to {\textlangle} 9.9 from eight European countries were assessed at baseline and 8482 children at follow-up. Children's sports club membership, PA and ST were collected via parental questionnaires. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was objectively assessed with accelerometers. Performing at least 1 h of MVPA daily and spending less than 2 h of ST defined physically active and non-sedentary children, respectively. Vulnerable groups were defined at baseline as children whose parents had minimal social networks, from non-traditional families, with migrant origin or with unemployed parents. Logistic mixed-effects analyses were performed adjusting for classical socioeconomic indicators. 
Children whose parents had minimal social networks had a higher risk of non-compliance with PA recommendations (subjectively assessed) at baseline. Migrants and children with unemployed parents had longer ST. All vulnerable groups were less likely to be sports club members. 
Migrants and children with unemployed parents are at risk for excessive ST and all vulnerable groups have lower odds of being sports club members.},
  author       = {Iguacel, Isabel and Fern{\'a}ndez-Alvira, Juan M and Bammann, Karin and Chadjigeorgiou, Charalambos and De Henauw, Stefaan and Heidinger-Fels\unmatched{0151}, Regina and Lissner, Lauren and Michels, Nathalie and Page, Angie and Reisch, Lucia A and Russo, Paola and Sprengeler, Ole and Veidebaum, Toomas and B{\"o}rnhorst, Claudia and Moreno, Luis A},
  issn         = {1661-8556},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keyword      = {Vulnerable groups,Physical activity,Accelerometry,Screen time,Children,IDEFICS study,BODY-MASS INDEX,SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR,FAMILY-STRUCTURE,SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS,YOUTH,ADOLESCENTS,TELEVISION,IDEFICS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {283--295},
  title        = {Social vulnerability as a predictor of physical activity and screen time in European children},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-017-1048-4},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2018},
}

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