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United States non-cooperation and the Paris agreement

(2018) CLIMATE POLICY . 18(7). p.839-851
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Abstract
In June 2017, the Trump administration decided to withdraw the US from the Paris Agreement, a landmark climate agreement adopted in 2015 by 195 nations. The exit of the US has not just raised concern that the US will miss its domestic emission reduction targets, but also that other parties to the Paris Agreement might backtrack on their initial pledges regarding emission reductions or financial contributions. Here we assess the magnitude of the threat that US non-cooperation poses to the Paris Agreement from an international relations perspective. We argue that US non-cooperation does not fundamentally alter US emissions, which are unlikely to rise even in the absence of new federal climate policies. Nor does it undermine nationally determined contributions under pledge and review, as the Paris Agreement has introduced a new logic of domestically driven climate policies and the cost of low-carbon technologies keeps falling. However, US non-participation in raising climate finance could raise high barriers to global climate cooperation in the future. Political strategies to mitigate these threats include direct engagement by climate leaders such as the European Union with key emerging economies, notably China and India, and domestic climate policies that furnish benefits to traditional opponents of ambitious climate policy.
Keywords
International cooperation, climate negotiations, leadership, United States

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MLA
Urpelainen, Johannes, and Thijs Van de Graaf. “United States Non-cooperation and the Paris Agreement.” CLIMATE POLICY  18.7 (2018): 839–851. Print.
APA
Urpelainen, J., & Van de Graaf, T. (2018). United States non-cooperation and the Paris agreement. CLIMATE POLICY  , 18(7), 839–851.
Chicago author-date
Urpelainen, Johannes, and Thijs Van de Graaf. 2018. “United States Non-cooperation and the Paris Agreement.” Climate Policy  18 (7): 839–851.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Urpelainen, Johannes, and Thijs Van de Graaf. 2018. “United States Non-cooperation and the Paris Agreement.” Climate Policy  18 (7): 839–851.
Vancouver
1.
Urpelainen J, Van de Graaf T. United States non-cooperation and the Paris agreement. CLIMATE POLICY  . 2018;18(7):839–51.
IEEE
[1]
J. Urpelainen and T. Van de Graaf, “United States non-cooperation and the Paris agreement,” CLIMATE POLICY  , vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 839–851, 2018.
@article{8542106,
  abstract     = {In June 2017, the Trump administration decided to withdraw the US from the Paris Agreement, a landmark climate agreement adopted in 2015 by 195 nations. The exit of the US has not just raised concern that the US will miss its domestic emission reduction targets, but also that other parties to the Paris Agreement might backtrack on their initial pledges regarding emission reductions or financial contributions. Here we assess the magnitude of the threat that US non-cooperation poses to the Paris Agreement from an international relations perspective. We argue that US non-cooperation does not fundamentally alter US emissions, which are unlikely to rise even in the absence of new federal climate policies. Nor does it undermine nationally determined contributions under pledge and review, as the Paris Agreement has introduced a new logic of domestically driven climate policies and the cost of low-carbon technologies keeps falling. However, US non-participation in raising climate finance could raise high barriers to global climate cooperation in the future. Political strategies to mitigate these threats include direct engagement by climate leaders such as the European Union with key emerging economies, notably China and India, and domestic climate policies that furnish benefits to traditional opponents of ambitious climate policy.},
  author       = {Urpelainen, Johannes and Van de Graaf, Thijs},
  issn         = {1469-3062},
  journal      = {CLIMATE POLICY  },
  keywords     = {International cooperation,climate negotiations,leadership,United States},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {839--851},
  title        = {United States non-cooperation and the Paris agreement},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2017.1406843},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2018},
}

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