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Parent-reported BIS/BAS scales for children : factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender

Leentje Vervoort (UGent) , Elien De Caluwé, Laura Vandeweghe (UGent) , Annelies De Decker (UGent) , Laura Wante (UGent) , Marie-Lotte Van Beveren (UGent) , Lien Goossens (UGent) , Sandra Verbeken (UGent) , Isabelle Sioen (UGent) , Nathalie Michels (UGent) , et al.
(2019) ASSESSMENT. 26(7). p.1282-1295
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Abstract
The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Approach System (BIS/BAS) scales parent-report in children and adolescents (N = 1,444, 58% girls) across age (Group 1, 2-5 years; Group 2, 6-9 years; Group 3, 10-13 years; Group 4, 14-18 years old) and gender. The results consistently underscored a four-factor structure, resembling the original factor structure, with one BIS-factor and three BAS-factors. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed full measurement invariance across gender as well as across Group 1 and 2, and Group 2 and 3. Strong measurement invariance was found across Group 3 and 4, Group 1 and 3, and Group 2 and 4. Configural and metric invariance was found across Group 1 and 4. Hence, mean-level BIS/BAS scores can be compared across gender and age although comparison between preschool children (Group 1) and late secondary school children (Group 4) should be done with caution.
Keywords
BIS, BAS scales parent-report, children and adolescents, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, factor structure, measurement invariance, REINFORCEMENT SENSITIVITY THEORY, BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION SYSTEM, OF-FIT INDEXES, PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES, REWARD SENSITIVITY, ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY, ACTIVATION SCALES, RISK-TAKING, PERSONALITY, CARVER

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MLA
Vervoort, Leentje, et al. “Parent-Reported BIS/BAS Scales for Children : Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance across Age and Gender.” ASSESSMENT, vol. 26, no. 7, 2019, pp. 1282–95.
APA
Vervoort, L., De Caluwé, E., Vandeweghe, L., De Decker, A., Wante, L., Van Beveren, M.-L., … Braet, C. (2019). Parent-reported BIS/BAS scales for children : factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender. ASSESSMENT, 26(7), 1282–1295.
Chicago author-date
Vervoort, Leentje, Elien De Caluwé, Laura Vandeweghe, Annelies De Decker, Laura Wante, Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Lien Goossens, et al. 2019. “Parent-Reported BIS/BAS Scales for Children : Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance across Age and Gender.” ASSESSMENT 26 (7): 1282–95.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vervoort, Leentje, Elien De Caluwé, Laura Vandeweghe, Annelies De Decker, Laura Wante, Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Lien Goossens, Sandra Verbeken, Isabelle Sioen, Nathalie Michels, and Caroline Braet. 2019. “Parent-Reported BIS/BAS Scales for Children : Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance across Age and Gender.” ASSESSMENT 26 (7): 1282–1295.
Vancouver
1.
Vervoort L, De Caluwé E, Vandeweghe L, De Decker A, Wante L, Van Beveren M-L, et al. Parent-reported BIS/BAS scales for children : factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender. ASSESSMENT. 2019;26(7):1282–95.
IEEE
[1]
L. Vervoort et al., “Parent-reported BIS/BAS scales for children : factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender,” ASSESSMENT, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 1282–1295, 2019.
@article{8542104,
  abstract     = {The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Approach System (BIS/BAS) scales parent-report in children and adolescents (N = 1,444, 58% girls) across age (Group 1, 2-5 years; Group 2, 6-9 years; Group 3, 10-13 years; Group 4, 14-18 years old) and gender. The results consistently underscored a four-factor structure, resembling the original factor structure, with one BIS-factor and three BAS-factors. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed full measurement invariance across gender as well as across Group 1 and 2, and Group 2 and 3. Strong measurement invariance was found across Group 3 and 4, Group 1 and 3, and Group 2 and 4. Configural and metric invariance was found across Group 1 and 4. Hence, mean-level BIS/BAS scores can be compared across gender and age although comparison between preschool children (Group 1) and late secondary school children (Group 4) should be done with caution.},
  author       = {Vervoort, Leentje and De Caluwé, Elien and Vandeweghe, Laura and De Decker, Annelies and Wante, Laura and Van Beveren, Marie-Lotte and Goossens, Lien and Verbeken, Sandra and Sioen, Isabelle and Michels, Nathalie and Braet, Caroline},
  issn         = {1073-1911},
  journal      = {ASSESSMENT},
  keywords     = {BIS,BAS scales parent-report,children and adolescents,exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis,factor structure,measurement invariance,REINFORCEMENT SENSITIVITY THEORY,BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION SYSTEM,OF-FIT INDEXES,PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES,REWARD SENSITIVITY,ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY,ACTIVATION SCALES,RISK-TAKING,PERSONALITY,CARVER},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1282--1295},
  title        = {Parent-reported BIS/BAS scales for children : factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191117739017},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2019},
}

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