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Co-occurrence of Mycoplasma species and pigeon herpesvirus-1 infection in racing pigeons (Columba livia)

Tom Hellebuyck (UGent) , Stephan Göbel, Frank Pasmans (UGent) , Connie Adriaensen (UGent) and An Martel (UGent)
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Abstract
Oropharyngeal swab samples were collected from 438 live racing pigeons (Columba livia), with and without signs of respiratory disease, that were housed in 220 lofts in 3 provinces in the western part of the Netherlands. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to identify Mycoplasma species and pigeon herpesvirus-1 (PHV-1) from the samples. In 8.6% of the pigeon lofts tested, signs of respiratory disease were present in pigeons at sampling, and in 30.9% of the sampled pigeon lofts, respiratory signs were observed in pigeons during the 6-month period immediately before sampling. A total of 39.8% of tested pigeons (54.5% of tested lofts) were positive for Mycoplasma species, and 30.6% of tested pigeons (48.6% of tested lofts) were positive for PHV-1. In 15.8% of the tested pigeons (26.8% of tested pigeon lofts), coinfection by Mycoplasma species and PHV-1 was identified. The number of pigeon lofts having pigeons coinfected by Mycoplasma species and PHV-1 was higher than that where only one of the infections was identified. Neither the presence of Mycoplasma species, PHV-1, nor the co-occurrence of both infections was significantly associated with signs of respiratory disease.
Keywords
Mycoplasma, pigeon herpesvirus-1, the Netherlands, respiratory disease, avian, pigeon, Columba livia, POLYMERASE-CHAIN-REACTION, RESPIRATORY-DISEASE, HOMING PIGEONS

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MLA
Hellebuyck, Tom et al. “Co-occurrence of Mycoplasma Species and Pigeon Herpesvirus-1 Infection in Racing Pigeons (Columba Livia).” JOURNAL OF AVIAN MEDICINE AND SURGERY 31.4 (2017): 351–355. Print.
APA
Hellebuyck, T., Göbel, S., Pasmans, F., Adriaensen, C., & Martel, A. (2017). Co-occurrence of Mycoplasma species and pigeon herpesvirus-1 infection in racing pigeons (Columba livia). JOURNAL OF AVIAN MEDICINE AND SURGERY, 31(4), 351–355.
Chicago author-date
Hellebuyck, Tom, Stephan Göbel, Frank Pasmans, Connie Adriaensen, and An Martel. 2017. “Co-occurrence of Mycoplasma Species and Pigeon Herpesvirus-1 Infection in Racing Pigeons (Columba Livia).” Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 31 (4): 351–355.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hellebuyck, Tom, Stephan Göbel, Frank Pasmans, Connie Adriaensen, and An Martel. 2017. “Co-occurrence of Mycoplasma Species and Pigeon Herpesvirus-1 Infection in Racing Pigeons (Columba Livia).” Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 31 (4): 351–355.
Vancouver
1.
Hellebuyck T, Göbel S, Pasmans F, Adriaensen C, Martel A. Co-occurrence of Mycoplasma species and pigeon herpesvirus-1 infection in racing pigeons (Columba livia). JOURNAL OF AVIAN MEDICINE AND SURGERY. 2017;31(4):351–5.
IEEE
[1]
T. Hellebuyck, S. Göbel, F. Pasmans, C. Adriaensen, and A. Martel, “Co-occurrence of Mycoplasma species and pigeon herpesvirus-1 infection in racing pigeons (Columba livia),” JOURNAL OF AVIAN MEDICINE AND SURGERY, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 351–355, 2017.
@article{8541762,
  abstract     = {Oropharyngeal swab samples were collected from 438 live racing pigeons (Columba livia), with and without signs of respiratory disease, that were housed in 220 lofts in 3 provinces in the western part of the Netherlands. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to identify Mycoplasma species and pigeon herpesvirus-1 (PHV-1) from the samples. In 8.6% of the pigeon lofts tested, signs of respiratory disease were present in pigeons at sampling, and in 30.9% of the sampled pigeon lofts, respiratory signs were observed in pigeons during the 6-month period immediately before sampling. A total of 39.8% of tested pigeons (54.5% of tested lofts) were positive for Mycoplasma species, and 30.6% of tested pigeons (48.6% of tested lofts) were positive for PHV-1. In 15.8% of the tested pigeons (26.8% of tested pigeon lofts), coinfection by Mycoplasma species and PHV-1 was identified. The number of pigeon lofts having pigeons coinfected by Mycoplasma species and PHV-1 was higher than that where only one of the infections was identified. Neither the presence of Mycoplasma species, PHV-1, nor the co-occurrence of both infections was significantly associated with signs of respiratory disease.},
  author       = {Hellebuyck, Tom and Göbel, Stephan and Pasmans, Frank and Adriaensen, Connie and Martel, An},
  issn         = {1082-6742},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF AVIAN MEDICINE AND SURGERY},
  keywords     = {Mycoplasma,pigeon herpesvirus-1,the Netherlands,respiratory disease,avian,pigeon,Columba livia,POLYMERASE-CHAIN-REACTION,RESPIRATORY-DISEASE,HOMING PIGEONS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {351--355},
  title        = {Co-occurrence of Mycoplasma species and pigeon herpesvirus-1 infection in racing pigeons (Columba livia)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1647/2016-243},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2017},
}

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