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Scratching the surface of war : airborne laser scans of the Great War conflict landscape in Flanders (Belgium)

Wouter Gheyle (UGent) , Birger Stichelbaut (UGent) , Timothy Saey (UGent) , Nicolas Note (UGent) , Hanne Van den Berghe (UGent) , Veerle Van Eetvelde (UGent) , Marc Van Meirvenne (UGent) and Jean Bourgeois (UGent)
(2018) APPLIED GEOGRAPHY. 90. p.55-68
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Abstract
In light of the growing interest in the Great War - stimulated by the ongoing centennial commemorations the conflict landscape in Belgium and France is currently the subject of scientific research projects, archaeological excavations, heritage-related initiatives and exhibitions. However, the extent of the archaeological heritage and surface remains of the Great War remain underestimated. Current heritage management and the proposal for a UNESCO nomination focus on the architectural heritage, commemorative monuments and military cemeteries, thereby overlooking the opportunities to acknowledge the conflict landscape in its totality. This paper explores the application of high-resolution Lidar data (DTM-Flanders II 2013-2015) to investigate a layer of war heritage which, until now, has remained invisible, and reveals a wide range of previously unknown archaeological sites related to the Great War. Traces of the war can be found all over the former front zones and hinterland, ranging from remnants of the heavily shelled and devastated war landscapes to more specific archaeo-geomorphological features of trenches, dugouts and other military infrastructure. Both the nature and the scale of the new information support and further expand the concept of the landscape as the last witness of the war.
Keywords
Conflict archaeology, Land use, Lidar, Airborne laser scanning, Archaeo-geomorphology, Great war, SKY-VIEW FACTOR, HISTORICAL AERIAL-PHOTOGRAPHY, YPRES SALIENT 1914-1918, RELIEF MODELS, WESTERN FRONT, SOIL, ARCHAEOLOGY, VISUALIZATION, EMI, 1ST-WORLD-WAR

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Chicago
Gheyle, Wouter, Birger Stichelbaut, Timothy Saey, Nicolas Note, Hanne Van den Berghe, Veerle Van Eetvelde, Marc Van Meirvenne, and Jean Bourgeois. 2018. “Scratching the Surface of War : Airborne Laser Scans of the Great War Conflict Landscape in Flanders (Belgium).” Applied Geography 90: 55–68.
APA
Gheyle, Wouter, Stichelbaut, B., Saey, T., Note, N., Van den Berghe, H., Van Eetvelde, V., Van Meirvenne, M., et al. (2018). Scratching the surface of war : airborne laser scans of the Great War conflict landscape in Flanders (Belgium). APPLIED GEOGRAPHY, 90, 55–68.
Vancouver
1.
Gheyle W, Stichelbaut B, Saey T, Note N, Van den Berghe H, Van Eetvelde V, et al. Scratching the surface of war : airborne laser scans of the Great War conflict landscape in Flanders (Belgium). APPLIED GEOGRAPHY. 2018;90:55–68.
MLA
Gheyle, Wouter, Birger Stichelbaut, Timothy Saey, et al. “Scratching the Surface of War : Airborne Laser Scans of the Great War Conflict Landscape in Flanders (Belgium).” APPLIED GEOGRAPHY 90 (2018): 55–68. Print.
@article{8541016,
  abstract     = {In light of the growing interest in the Great War - stimulated by the ongoing centennial commemorations the conflict landscape in Belgium and France is currently the subject of scientific research projects, archaeological excavations, heritage-related initiatives and exhibitions. However, the extent of the archaeological heritage and surface remains of the Great War remain underestimated. Current heritage management and the proposal for a UNESCO nomination focus on the architectural heritage, commemorative monuments and military cemeteries, thereby overlooking the opportunities to acknowledge the conflict landscape in its totality. This paper explores the application of high-resolution Lidar data (DTM-Flanders II 2013-2015) to investigate a layer of war heritage which, until now, has remained invisible, and reveals a wide range of previously unknown archaeological sites related to the Great War. Traces of the war can be found all over the former front zones and hinterland, ranging from remnants of the heavily shelled and devastated war landscapes to more specific archaeo-geomorphological features of trenches, dugouts and other military infrastructure. Both the nature and the scale of the new information support and further expand the concept of the landscape as the last witness of the war.},
  author       = {Gheyle, Wouter and Stichelbaut, Birger and Saey, Timothy and Note, Nicolas and Van den Berghe, Hanne and Van Eetvelde, Veerle and Van Meirvenne, Marc and Bourgeois, Jean},
  issn         = {0143-6228},
  journal      = {APPLIED GEOGRAPHY},
  keyword      = {Conflict archaeology,Land use,Lidar,Airborne laser scanning,Archaeo-geomorphology,Great war,SKY-VIEW FACTOR,HISTORICAL AERIAL-PHOTOGRAPHY,YPRES SALIENT 1914-1918,RELIEF MODELS,WESTERN FRONT,SOIL,ARCHAEOLOGY,VISUALIZATION,EMI,1ST-WORLD-WAR},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {55--68},
  title        = {Scratching the surface of war : airborne laser scans of the Great War conflict landscape in Flanders (Belgium)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2017.11.011},
  volume       = {90},
  year         = {2018},
}

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