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Global oral health status of athletes with intellectual disabilities

Luc Marks UGent, Allen Wong, Steven Perlman, Amy Shellard and Carla Fernandez Rojas UGent (2018) CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS. 22(4). p.1681-1688
abstract
Background: The aim of this study is to identify the oral health status and treatment needs of Special Olympics athletes with intellectual disabilities from 181 countries by the assessment of oral health parameters and differences between world regions. Materials and methods: Data were collected through interview and oral examinations within the Healthy Athletes Screening. These data were analysed with descriptive statistics of oral health parameters of athletes from Africa, Asia Pacific, East Asia, Europe/Eurasia, Latin America, Middle East North Africa (MENA) and North America. Mean differences of untreated visible dental caries, gingival signs and missing teeth were tested between regions by one-way ANOVA test and between age groups (8-11, 12-18, 19-39 and 40+) by chi-square tests for multiple comparisons with Hochberg-adjusted p value. The level of significance for all tests was set at a p value < 0.05. Results: A total of 149,272 athletes with intellectual disabilities were screened. More than 80% of the athletes reported that they cleaned their mouths at least once a day. Athletes in Europe/Eurasia, Latin America, and MENA presented higher rates of signs of gingival disease than other regions. The prevalence of untreated dental caries was significantly higher in Latin America and the group of 8-11-year-olds from Latin America, Europe/Eurasia and Asia Pacific. Conclusions: The data provided by this study demonstrate that continuous efforts for preventive and restorative oral health care are needed for the oral health of these athletes with ID especially in Latin America, MENA and Europe/Eurasia regions.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
World health, Intellectual development disorder, Dental health survey, Treatment needs, Oral disease, SPECIAL-OLYMPICS, WATER FLUORIDATION, TREATMENT NEEDS, PEOPLE, CARE, PREVENTION, NUTRITION, BURDEN
journal title
CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS
Clin. Oral Investig.
volume
22
issue
4
pages
1681 - 1688
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000430387800008
ISSN
1432-6981
1436-3771
DOI
10.1007/s00784-017-2258-0
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0)
id
8540794
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8540794
date created
2017-12-08 08:50:45
date last changed
2018-05-16 10:55:22
@article{8540794,
  abstract     = {Background: The aim of this study is to identify the oral health status and treatment needs of Special Olympics athletes with intellectual disabilities from 181 countries by the assessment of oral health parameters and differences between world regions. 
Materials and methods: Data were collected through interview and oral examinations within the Healthy Athletes Screening. These data were analysed with descriptive statistics of oral health parameters of athletes from Africa, Asia Pacific, East Asia, Europe/Eurasia, Latin America, Middle East North Africa (MENA) and North America. Mean differences of untreated visible dental caries, gingival signs and missing teeth were tested between regions by one-way ANOVA test and between age groups (8-11, 12-18, 19-39 and 40+) by chi-square tests for multiple comparisons with Hochberg-adjusted p value. The level of significance for all tests was set at a p value {\textlangle} 0.05. 
Results: A total of 149,272 athletes with intellectual disabilities were screened. More than 80\% of the athletes reported that they cleaned their mouths at least once a day. Athletes in Europe/Eurasia, Latin America, and MENA presented higher rates of signs of gingival disease than other regions. The prevalence of untreated dental caries was significantly higher in Latin America and the group of 8-11-year-olds from Latin America, Europe/Eurasia and Asia Pacific. 
Conclusions: The data provided by this study demonstrate that continuous efforts for preventive and restorative oral health care are needed for the oral health of these athletes with ID especially in Latin America, MENA and Europe/Eurasia regions.},
  author       = {Marks, Luc and Wong, Allen and Perlman, Steven and Shellard, Amy and Fernandez Rojas, Carla},
  issn         = {1432-6981},
  journal      = {CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS},
  keyword      = {World health,Intellectual development disorder,Dental health survey,Treatment needs,Oral disease,SPECIAL-OLYMPICS,WATER FLUORIDATION,TREATMENT NEEDS,PEOPLE,CARE,PREVENTION,NUTRITION,BURDEN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1681--1688},
  title        = {Global oral health status of athletes with intellectual disabilities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-017-2258-0},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2018},
}

Chicago
Marks, Luc, Allen Wong, Steven Perlman, Amy Shellard, and Carla Fernandez Rojas. 2018. “Global Oral Health Status of Athletes with Intellectual Disabilities.” Clinical Oral Investigations 22 (4): 1681–1688.
APA
Marks, L., Wong, A., Perlman, S., Shellard, A., & Fernandez Rojas, C. (2018). Global oral health status of athletes with intellectual disabilities. CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS, 22(4), 1681–1688.
Vancouver
1.
Marks L, Wong A, Perlman S, Shellard A, Fernandez Rojas C. Global oral health status of athletes with intellectual disabilities. CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS. 2018;22(4):1681–8.
MLA
Marks, Luc, Allen Wong, Steven Perlman, et al. “Global Oral Health Status of Athletes with Intellectual Disabilities.” CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS 22.4 (2018): 1681–1688. Print.