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Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994

(2016) ELIFE. 5.
Author
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Abstract
Human height variation is determined by genetic and environmental factors, but it remains unclear whether their influences differ across birth-year cohorts. We conducted an individual-based pooled analysis of 40 twin cohorts including 143,390 complete twin pairs born 18861994. Although genetic variance showed a generally increasing trend across the birth-year cohorts, heritability estimates (0.69-0.84 in men and 0.53-0.78 in women) did not present any clear pattern of secular changes. Comparing geographic-cultural regions (Europe, North America and Australia, and East Asia), total height variance was greatest in North America and Australia and lowest in East Asia, but no clear pattern in the heritability estimates across the birth-year cohorts emerged. Our findings do not support the hypothesis that heritability of height is lower in populations with low living standards than in affluent populations, nor that heritability of height will increase within a population as living standards improve.
Keywords
BODY-MASS INDEX, GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION, CODATWINS PROJECT, INFANT-MORTALITY, TWIN COHORTS, TRAITS, WOMEN, LOCI, AGE

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MLA
Jelenkovic, Aline, et al. “Genetic and Environmental Influences on Adult Human Height across Birth Cohorts from 1886 to 1994.” ELIFE, vol. 5, 2016, doi:10.7554/eLife.20320.
APA
Jelenkovic, A., Hur, Y.-M., Sund, R., Yokoyama, Y., Siribaddana, S. H., Hotopf, M., … Silventoinen, K. (2016). Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994. ELIFE, 5. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.20320
Chicago author-date
Jelenkovic, Aline, Yoon-Mi Hur, Reijo Sund, Yoshie Yokoyama, Sisira H Siribaddana, Matthew Hotopf, Athula Sumathipala, et al. 2016. “Genetic and Environmental Influences on Adult Human Height across Birth Cohorts from 1886 to 1994.” ELIFE 5. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.20320.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Jelenkovic, Aline, Yoon-Mi Hur, Reijo Sund, Yoshie Yokoyama, Sisira H Siribaddana, Matthew Hotopf, Athula Sumathipala, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Qihua Tan, Dongfeng Zhang, Zengchang Pang, Sari Aaltonen, Kauko Heikkilä, Sevgi Y Öncel, Fazil Aliev, Esther Rebato, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Kaare Christensen, Axel Skytthe, Kirsten O Kyvik, Judy L Silberg, Lindon J Eaves, Hermine H Maes, Tessa L Cutler, John L Hopper, Juan R Ordoñana, Juan F Sánchez-Romera, Lucia Colodro-Conde, Wendy Cozen, Amie E Hwang, Thomas M Mack, Joohon Sun, Yun-Mi Song, Sarah Yang, Kayoung Lee, Carol E Franz, William S Kremen, Michael J Lyons, Andreas Busjahn, Tracy L Nelson, Keith E Whitfield, Christian Kandler, Kerry L Jang, Margaret Gatz, David A Butler, Maria A Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Cristina D’Ippolito, Glen E Duncan, Dedra Buchwald, Catherine Derom, Robert F Vlietinck, Ruth JF Loos, Nicholas G Martin, Sarah E Medland, Grant W Montgomery, Hoe-Uk Jeong, Gary E Swan, Ruth Krasnow, Patrik KE Magnusson, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna K Dahl-Aslan, Tom A McAdams, Thalia C Eley, Alice M Gregory, Per Tynelius, Laura A Baker, Catherine Tuvblad, Gombojav Bayasgalan, Danshiitsoodol Narandalai, Paul Lichtenstein, Timothy D Spector, Massimo Mangino, Genevieve Lachance, Meike Bartels, Toos CEM van Beijsterveldt, Gonneke Willemsen, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Jennifer R Harris, Ingunn Brandt, Thomas Sevenius Nilsen, Robert F Krueger, Matt McGue, Shandell Pahlen, Robin P Corley, Jacob v B Hjelmborg, Jack H Goldberg, Yoshinori Iwatani, Mikio Watanabe, Chika Honda, Fujio Inui, Finn Rasmussen, Brooke M Huibregtse, Dorret I Boomsma, Thorkild IA Sørensen, Jaakko Kaprio, and Karri Silventoinen. 2016. “Genetic and Environmental Influences on Adult Human Height across Birth Cohorts from 1886 to 1994.” ELIFE 5. doi:10.7554/eLife.20320.
Vancouver
1.
Jelenkovic A, Hur Y-M, Sund R, Yokoyama Y, Siribaddana SH, Hotopf M, et al. Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994. ELIFE. 2016;5.
IEEE
[1]
A. Jelenkovic et al., “Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994,” ELIFE, vol. 5, 2016.
@article{8540786,
  abstract     = {{Human height variation is determined by genetic and environmental factors, but it remains unclear whether their influences differ across birth-year cohorts. We conducted an individual-based pooled analysis of 40 twin cohorts including 143,390 complete twin pairs born 18861994. Although genetic variance showed a generally increasing trend across the birth-year cohorts, heritability estimates (0.69-0.84 in men and 0.53-0.78 in women) did not present any clear pattern of secular changes. Comparing geographic-cultural regions (Europe, North America and Australia, and East Asia), total height variance was greatest in North America and Australia and lowest in East Asia, but no clear pattern in the heritability estimates across the birth-year cohorts emerged. Our findings do not support the hypothesis that heritability of height is lower in populations with low living standards than in affluent populations, nor that heritability of height will increase within a population as living standards improve.}},
  articleno    = {{e20320}},
  author       = {{Jelenkovic, Aline and Hur, Yoon-Mi and Sund, Reijo and Yokoyama, Yoshie and Siribaddana, Sisira H and Hotopf, Matthew and Sumathipala, Athula and Rijsdijk, Fruhling and Tan, Qihua and Zhang, Dongfeng and Pang, Zengchang and Aaltonen, Sari and Heikkilä, Kauko and Öncel, Sevgi Y and Aliev, Fazil and Rebato, Esther and Tarnoki, Adam D and Tarnoki, David L and Christensen, Kaare and Skytthe, Axel and Kyvik, Kirsten O and Silberg, Judy L and Eaves, Lindon J and Maes, Hermine H and Cutler, Tessa L and Hopper, John L and Ordoñana, Juan R and Sánchez-Romera, Juan F and Colodro-Conde, Lucia and Cozen, Wendy and Hwang, Amie E and Mack, Thomas M and Sun, Joohon and Song, Yun-Mi and Yang, Sarah and Lee, Kayoung and Franz, Carol E and Kremen, William S and Lyons, Michael J and Busjahn, Andreas and Nelson, Tracy L and Whitfield, Keith E and Kandler, Christian and Jang, Kerry L and Gatz, Margaret and Butler, David A and Stazi, Maria A and Fagnani, Corrado and D'Ippolito, Cristina and Duncan, Glen E and Buchwald, Dedra and Derom, Catherine and Vlietinck, Robert F and Loos, Ruth JF and Martin, Nicholas G and Medland, Sarah E and Montgomery, Grant W and Jeong, Hoe-Uk and Swan, Gary E and Krasnow, Ruth and Magnusson, Patrik KE and Pedersen, Nancy L and Dahl-Aslan, Anna K and McAdams, Tom A and Eley, Thalia C and Gregory, Alice M and Tynelius, Per and Baker, Laura A and Tuvblad, Catherine and Bayasgalan, Gombojav and Narandalai, Danshiitsoodol and Lichtenstein, Paul and Spector, Timothy D and Mangino, Massimo and Lachance, Genevieve and Bartels, Meike and van Beijsterveldt, Toos CEM and Willemsen, Gonneke and Burt, S Alexandra and Klump, Kelly L and Harris, Jennifer R and Brandt, Ingunn and Nilsen, Thomas Sevenius and Krueger, Robert F and McGue, Matt and Pahlen, Shandell and Corley, Robin P and Hjelmborg, Jacob v B and Goldberg, Jack H and Iwatani, Yoshinori and Watanabe, Mikio and Honda, Chika and Inui, Fujio and Rasmussen, Finn and Huibregtse, Brooke M and Boomsma, Dorret I and Sørensen, Thorkild IA and Kaprio, Jaakko and Silventoinen, Karri}},
  issn         = {{2050-084X}},
  journal      = {{ELIFE}},
  keywords     = {{BODY-MASS INDEX,GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION,CODATWINS PROJECT,INFANT-MORTALITY,TWIN COHORTS,TRAITS,WOMEN,LOCI,AGE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{14}},
  title        = {{Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.20320}},
  volume       = {{5}},
  year         = {{2016}},
}

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