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Persistent rule-following in the face of reversed reinforcement contingencies : the differential impact of direct versus derived rules

(2017) BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION. 41(6). p.743-763
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Abstract
Rule-governed behavior and its role in generating insensitivity to direct contingencies of reinforcement have been implicated in human psychological suffering. In addition, the human capacity to engage in derived relational responding has also been used to explain specific human maladaptive behaviors, such as irrational fears. To date, however, very little research has attempted to integrate research on contingency insensitivity and derived relations. The current work sought to fill this gap. Across two experiments, participants received either a direct rule (Direct Rule Condition) or a rule that involved a novel derived relational response (Derived Rule Condition). Provision of a direct rule resulted in more persistent rule-following in the face of competing contingencies, but only when the opportunity to follow the reinforced rule beforehand was relatively protracted. Furthermore, only in the Direct Rule Condition were there significant correlations between rule-compliance and stress. A post hoc interpretation of the findings is provided.
Keywords
VERBAL-BEHAVIOR, QUESTIONNAIRE, INSTRUCTIONS, PERFORMANCE, persistent rule-following, derived relational responding, contingency, insensitivity

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Citation

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Chicago
Harte, Colin, Yvonne Barnes-Holmes, Patrick Michael Dermot Barnes-Holmes, and Ciara McEnteggart. 2017. “Persistent Rule-following in the Face of Reversed Reinforcement Contingencies : the Differential Impact of Direct Versus Derived Rules.” Behavior Modification 41 (6): 743–763.
APA
Harte, C., Barnes-Holmes, Y., Barnes-Holmes, P. M. D., & McEnteggart, C. (2017). Persistent rule-following in the face of reversed reinforcement contingencies : the differential impact of direct versus derived rules. BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION, 41(6), 743–763.
Vancouver
1.
Harte C, Barnes-Holmes Y, Barnes-Holmes PMD, McEnteggart C. Persistent rule-following in the face of reversed reinforcement contingencies : the differential impact of direct versus derived rules. BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION. Thousand oaks: Sage Publications Inc; 2017;41(6):743–63.
MLA
Harte, Colin et al. “Persistent Rule-following in the Face of Reversed Reinforcement Contingencies : the Differential Impact of Direct Versus Derived Rules.” BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION 41.6 (2017): 743–763. Print.
@article{8540556,
  abstract     = {Rule-governed behavior and its role in generating insensitivity to direct contingencies of reinforcement have been implicated in human psychological suffering. In addition, the human capacity to engage in derived relational responding has also been used to explain specific human maladaptive behaviors, such as irrational fears. To date, however, very little research has attempted to integrate research on contingency insensitivity and derived relations. The current work sought to fill this gap. Across two experiments, participants received either a direct rule (Direct Rule Condition) or a rule that involved a novel derived relational response (Derived Rule Condition). Provision of a direct rule resulted in more persistent rule-following in the face of competing contingencies, but only when the opportunity to follow the reinforced rule beforehand was relatively protracted. Furthermore, only in the Direct Rule Condition were there significant correlations between rule-compliance and stress. A post hoc interpretation of the findings is provided.},
  author       = {Harte, Colin and Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne and Barnes-Holmes, Patrick Michael Dermot and McEnteggart, Ciara},
  issn         = {0145-4455},
  journal      = {BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION},
  keywords     = {VERBAL-BEHAVIOR,QUESTIONNAIRE,INSTRUCTIONS,PERFORMANCE,persistent rule-following,derived relational responding,contingency,insensitivity},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {743--763},
  publisher    = {Sage Publications Inc},
  title        = {Persistent rule-following in the face of reversed reinforcement contingencies : the differential impact of direct versus derived rules},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445517715871},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2017},
}

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