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A sketch of Lower Nyole tone

(2017) AFRICANA LINGUISTICA. 23. p.215-257
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Abstract
This paper presents an overview of the tone system of Lower Nyole (LN), a moribund and previously unrecognized variety of Nyole (JE35) spoken in southern Busoga. After providing a preliminary study of tonal patterns in nouns, we show that LN has a 'reversive' tone system with two tonal classes of verbs - (i) verbs which are underlyingly toneless and (ii) historically *H-toned verbs which synchronically have an initial /L/ tone. All known verbal contexts of LN are inflected with a melodic tone pattern, i.e. there are no tonally uninflected constructions. Like other Luyia languages, LN has a large number of tonal inflections, which are characterized by the assignment of Hs to positions at the edges of the verb stem. An additional noteworthy property of LN verb tone is that long vowels that precede NC clusters are treated like short vowels by tone assignment principles.
Keywords
Bantu, Luyia, Lower Nyole, tense-aspect-mood, verb tone, noun tone

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MLA
Marlo, Michael R., et al. “A Sketch of Lower Nyole Tone.” AFRICANA LINGUISTICA, vol. 23, Royal Museum Central Africa-Belgium, 2017, pp. 215–57.
APA
Marlo, M. R., Nabirye, M., Kawalya, D., & de Schryver, G.-M. (2017). A sketch of Lower Nyole tone. AFRICANA LINGUISTICA, 23, 215–257.
Chicago author-date
Marlo, Michael R., Minah Nabirye, Deo Kawalya, and Gilles-Maurice de Schryver. 2017. “A Sketch of Lower Nyole Tone.” AFRICANA LINGUISTICA 23: 215–57.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Marlo, Michael R., Minah Nabirye, Deo Kawalya, and Gilles-Maurice de Schryver. 2017. “A Sketch of Lower Nyole Tone.” AFRICANA LINGUISTICA 23: 215–257.
Vancouver
1.
Marlo MR, Nabirye M, Kawalya D, de Schryver G-M. A sketch of Lower Nyole tone. AFRICANA LINGUISTICA. 2017;23:215–57.
IEEE
[1]
M. R. Marlo, M. Nabirye, D. Kawalya, and G.-M. de Schryver, “A sketch of Lower Nyole tone,” AFRICANA LINGUISTICA, vol. 23, pp. 215–257, 2017.
@article{8540077,
  abstract     = {{This paper presents an overview of the tone system of Lower Nyole (LN), a moribund and previously unrecognized variety of Nyole (JE35) spoken in southern Busoga. After providing a preliminary study of tonal patterns in nouns, we show that LN has a 'reversive' tone system with two tonal classes of verbs - (i) verbs which are underlyingly toneless and (ii) historically *H-toned verbs which synchronically have an initial /L/ tone. All known verbal contexts of LN are inflected with a melodic tone pattern, i.e. there are no tonally uninflected constructions. Like other Luyia languages, LN has a large number of tonal inflections, which are characterized by the assignment of Hs to positions at the edges of the verb stem. An additional noteworthy property of LN verb tone is that long vowels that precede NC clusters are treated like short vowels by tone assignment principles.}},
  author       = {{Marlo, Michael R. and Nabirye, Minah and Kawalya, Deo and de Schryver, Gilles-Maurice}},
  issn         = {{0065-4124}},
  journal      = {{AFRICANA LINGUISTICA}},
  keywords     = {{Bantu,Luyia,Lower Nyole,tense-aspect-mood,verb tone,noun tone}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{215--257}},
  publisher    = {{Royal Museum Central Africa-Belgium}},
  title        = {{A sketch of Lower Nyole tone}},
  volume       = {{23}},
  year         = {{2017}},
}

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