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School gardens : a qualitative study on implementation practices

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Abstract
School gardens have beneficial effects on children's dietary behaviors but information on its implementation is scarce. The current study aimed to gain insight in implementation practices of school gardens and in perceptions of key members and children towards a school garden. We conducted twelve interviews involving 14 key members and five focus groups with 38 children from fifth to sixth grade (10(-13) years old) in four primary schools in Ghent (Flanders, Belgium). We analyzed the interviews and focus groups in NVivo, using thematic analysis. School gardens were mainly initiated to involve children in nature, not to improve vegetable consumption. Participants were positive about having a school garden, experienced facilitating factors (e.g., adaptability of the garden, having a person responsible for the garden), but also various barriers (e.g., difficulties with startup, maintenance during summer holidays and integration in the school curriculum) and suggested some solutions (e.g., involving external organizations and parents, expanding the garden) and motivating factors for children (e.g., colorful plants, use of gloves). In order to improve implementation and to contribute to children's health, future school gardening projects should take the recommendations of key members and children into account.
Keywords
primary school, gardening, children, key members, vegetables, VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION, NUTRITION EDUCATION, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, FRUIT, KNOWLEDGE, STUDENTS, PREFERENCES, CALIFORNIA, ATTITUDES, CHILDREN

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Chicago
Huys, Nele, Katrien De Cocker, Marieke De Craemer, Marleen Roesbeke, Greet Cardon, and Sara De Lepeleere. 2017. “School Gardens : a Qualitative Study on Implementation Practices.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (12).
APA
Huys, N., De Cocker, K., De Craemer, M., Roesbeke, M., Cardon, G., & De Lepeleere, S. (2017). School gardens : a qualitative study on implementation practices. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 14(12).
Vancouver
1.
Huys N, De Cocker K, De Craemer M, Roesbeke M, Cardon G, De Lepeleere S. School gardens : a qualitative study on implementation practices. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2017;14(12).
MLA
Huys, Nele, Katrien De Cocker, Marieke De Craemer, et al. “School Gardens : a Qualitative Study on Implementation Practices.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 14.12 (2017): n. pag. Print.
@article{8539666,
  abstract     = {School gardens have beneficial effects on children's dietary behaviors but information on its implementation is scarce. The current study aimed to gain insight in implementation practices of school gardens and in perceptions of key members and children towards a school garden. We conducted twelve interviews involving 14 key members and five focus groups with 38 children from fifth to sixth grade (10(-13) years old) in four primary schools in Ghent (Flanders, Belgium). We analyzed the interviews and focus groups in NVivo, using thematic analysis. School gardens were mainly initiated to involve children in nature, not to improve vegetable consumption. Participants were positive about having a school garden, experienced facilitating factors (e.g., adaptability of the garden, having a person responsible for the garden), but also various barriers (e.g., difficulties with startup, maintenance during summer holidays and integration in the school curriculum) and suggested some solutions (e.g., involving external organizations and parents, expanding the garden) and motivating factors for children (e.g., colorful plants, use of gloves). In order to improve implementation and to contribute to children's health, future school gardening projects should take the recommendations of key members and children into account.},
  articleno    = {1454},
  author       = {Huys, Nele and De Cocker, Katrien and De Craemer, Marieke and Roesbeke, Marleen and Cardon, Greet and De Lepeleere, Sara},
  issn         = {1660-4601},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {12},
  title        = {School gardens : a qualitative study on implementation practices},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121454},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2017},
}

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