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Medicalization of sleep problems in an aging population : a longitudinal cross-national study of medication use for sleep problems in older European adults

Vera Van de Straat (UGent) , Veerle Buffel (UGent) and Piet Bracke (UGent)
(2018) JOURNAL OF AGING AND HEALTH . 30(5). p.816-838
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Abstract
Objective: The association between age and sleep problems is considered to be positive, and medication use is a common health care intervention among older individuals. Because daytime consequences are often stated as a reason to seek care, we study to what extent the medicalization of sleep problems is found in an aging European population, with a focus on daily activities. Method: Data from the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe are used in three-level, generalized linear mixed models. Medicalization is operationalized as the use of medication for sleep problems at least once per week. Results: Men are more likely than women to use medication for sleep problems, and the process of aging is associated with a decrease in medicalization. Discussion: Sleep problems seem to be medicalized particularly when they prevent aging individuals from engaging in work-related responsibilities, as medication is especially used by employed individuals with sleep problems.
Keywords
sleep problems, medicalization, older adults, longitudinal analysis, SHARE

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MLA
van de Straat, Vera, Veerle Buffel, and Piet Bracke. “Medicalization of Sleep Problems in an Aging Population : a Longitudinal Cross-national Study of Medication Use for Sleep Problems in Older European Adults.” JOURNAL OF AGING AND HEALTH  30.5 (2018): 816–838. Print.
APA
van de Straat, V., Buffel, V., & Bracke, P. (2018). Medicalization of sleep problems in an aging population : a longitudinal cross-national study of medication use for sleep problems in older European adults. JOURNAL OF AGING AND HEALTH  , 30(5), 816–838.
Chicago author-date
van de Straat, Vera, Veerle Buffel, and Piet Bracke. 2018. “Medicalization of Sleep Problems in an Aging Population : a Longitudinal Cross-national Study of Medication Use for Sleep Problems in Older European Adults.” Journal of Aging and Health  30 (5): 816–838.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
van de Straat, Vera, Veerle Buffel, and Piet Bracke. 2018. “Medicalization of Sleep Problems in an Aging Population : a Longitudinal Cross-national Study of Medication Use for Sleep Problems in Older European Adults.” Journal of Aging and Health  30 (5): 816–838.
Vancouver
1.
van de Straat V, Buffel V, Bracke P. Medicalization of sleep problems in an aging population : a longitudinal cross-national study of medication use for sleep problems in older European adults. JOURNAL OF AGING AND HEALTH  . SAGE Publications; 2018;30(5):816–38.
IEEE
[1]
V. van de Straat, V. Buffel, and P. Bracke, “Medicalization of sleep problems in an aging population : a longitudinal cross-national study of medication use for sleep problems in older European adults,” JOURNAL OF AGING AND HEALTH                                            , vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 816–838, 2018.
@article{8538928,
  abstract     = {Objective: The association between age and sleep problems is considered to be positive, and medication use is a common health care intervention among older individuals. Because daytime consequences are often stated as a reason to seek care, we study to what extent the medicalization of sleep problems is found in an aging European population, with a focus on daily activities. Method: Data from the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe are used in three-level, generalized linear mixed models. Medicalization is operationalized as the use of medication for sleep problems at least once per week. Results: Men are more likely than women to use medication for sleep problems, and the process of aging is associated with a decrease in medicalization. Discussion: Sleep problems seem to be medicalized particularly when they prevent aging individuals from engaging in work-related responsibilities, as medication is especially used by employed individuals with sleep problems.},
  author       = {Van de Straat, Vera and Buffel, Veerle and Bracke, Piet},
  issn         = {0898-2643},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF AGING AND HEALTH                                            },
  keywords     = {sleep problems,medicalization,older adults,longitudinal analysis,SHARE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {816--838},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  title        = {Medicalization of sleep problems in an aging population : a longitudinal cross-national study of medication use for sleep problems in older European adults},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0898264317696775},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2018},
}

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