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Automatic imitation of pro- and antisocial gestures: Is implicit social behavior censored?

Emiel Cracco UGent, Oliver Genschow, Ina Radkova and Marcel Brass UGent (2018) COGNITION. 170. p.179-189
abstract
According to social reward theories, automatic imitation can be understood as a means to obtain positive social consequences. In line with this view, it has been shown that automatic imitation is modulated by contextual variables that constrain the positive outcomes of imitation. However, this work has largely neglected that many gestures have an inherent pro- or antisocial meaning. As a result of their meaning, antisocial gestures are considered taboo and should not be used in public. In three experiments, we show that automatic imitation of symbolic gestures is modulated by the social intent of these gestures. Experiment 1 (N = 37) revealed reduced automatic imitation of antisocial compared with prosocial gestures. Experiment 2 (N = 118) and Experiment 3 (N = 118) used a social priming procedure to show that this effect was stronger in a prosocial context than in an antisocial context. These findings were supported in a within-study meta-analysis using both frequentist and Bayesian statistics. Together, our results indicate that automatic imitation is regulated by internalized social norms that act as a stop signal when inappropriate actions are triggered.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
keyword
automatic imitation, mimicry, taboo, context, social norm, social priming
journal title
COGNITION
volume
170
pages
179 - 189
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000418979600016
ISSN
0010-0277
DOI
10.1016/j.cognition.2017.09.019
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8538850
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8538850
date created
2017-11-24 09:03:08
date last changed
2018-03-01 08:43:51
@article{8538850,
  abstract     = {According to social reward theories, automatic imitation can be understood as a means to obtain positive social consequences. In line with this view, it has been shown that automatic imitation is modulated by contextual variables that constrain the positive outcomes of imitation. However, this work has largely neglected that many gestures have an inherent pro- or antisocial meaning. As a result of their meaning, antisocial gestures are considered taboo and should not be used in public. In three experiments, we show that automatic imitation of symbolic gestures is modulated by the social intent of these gestures. Experiment 1 (N = 37) revealed reduced automatic imitation of antisocial compared with prosocial gestures. Experiment 2 (N = 118) and Experiment 3 (N = 118) used a social priming procedure to show that this effect was stronger in a prosocial context than in an antisocial context. These findings were supported in a within-study meta-analysis using both frequentist and Bayesian statistics. Together, our results indicate that automatic imitation is regulated by internalized social norms that act as a stop signal when inappropriate actions are triggered.},
  author       = {Cracco, Emiel and Genschow, Oliver and Radkova, Ina and Brass, Marcel},
  issn         = {0010-0277 },
  journal      = {COGNITION},
  keyword      = {automatic imitation,mimicry,taboo,context,social norm,social priming},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {179--189},
  title        = {Automatic imitation of pro- and antisocial gestures: Is implicit social behavior censored?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2017.09.019},
  volume       = {170},
  year         = {2018},
}

Chicago
Cracco, Emiel, Oliver Genschow, Ina Radkova, and Marcel Brass. 2018. “Automatic Imitation of Pro- and Antisocial Gestures: Is Implicit Social Behavior Censored?” Cognition 170: 179–189.
APA
Cracco, E., Genschow, O., Radkova, I., & Brass, M. (2018). Automatic imitation of pro- and antisocial gestures: Is implicit social behavior censored? COGNITION, 170, 179–189.
Vancouver
1.
Cracco E, Genschow O, Radkova I, Brass M. Automatic imitation of pro- and antisocial gestures: Is implicit social behavior censored? COGNITION. 2018;170:179–89.
MLA
Cracco, Emiel, Oliver Genschow, Ina Radkova, et al. “Automatic Imitation of Pro- and Antisocial Gestures: Is Implicit Social Behavior Censored?” COGNITION 170 (2018): 179–189. Print.