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The oldest cereals in the coversand area along the North Sea coast of NW Europe, between ca. 4800 and 3500 cal BC, at the wetland site of ‘Bazel- Sluis’ (Belgium)

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Abstract
The excavations of the multiperiod (Mesolithic-Neolithic) site of Bazel-Sluis in the lower Scheldt valley in Belgium revealed the presence of a number of carbonized cereal grains, of which 24 were radiocarbon dated. These results indicate three chronological clusters, respectively between 4850/4610-4530/4330 cal BC; 4430/4250-4270/3980 cal BC; and 4050/3840-3680/3480 cal BC. In accordance with this chronology the cultural remains on the site are affiliated with the Late Mesolithic, Swifterbant and Michelsberg cultural groups, and display contacts with the Bandkeramik and Rossen cultures. The oldest cereal remains are the oldest thus far recorded in a Mesolithic context in the coversand region of North-Western Europe. When assessed within the framework of the archaeological data from the wider region it seems that these finds are to be explained within a first stage of neolithisation, associated with contacts with the Blicquy and Rossen cultural groups. From ca. 4300 cal BC the Michelsberg cultural group seems to be the main instigator for the further advance of the neolithisation process.
Keywords
early agriculture, cereal grains, Scheldt basin, Neolithic

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Chicago
Meylemans, Erwin, Jan Bastiaens, Mathieu Boudin, Koen Deforce, Anton Ervynck, Yves Perdaen, Joris Sergant, Annelies Storme, and Philippe Crombé. 2018. “The Oldest Cereals in the Coversand Area Along the North Sea Coast of NW Europe, Between Ca. 4800 and 3500 Cal BC, at the Wetland Site of ‘Bazel- Sluis’ (Belgium).” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 49: 1–7.
APA
Meylemans, E., Bastiaens, J., Boudin, M., Deforce, K., Ervynck, A., Perdaen, Y., Sergant, J., et al. (2018). The oldest cereals in the coversand area along the North Sea coast of NW Europe, between ca. 4800 and 3500 cal BC, at the wetland site of “Bazel- Sluis” (Belgium). JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY , 49, 1–7.
Vancouver
1.
Meylemans E, Bastiaens J, Boudin M, Deforce K, Ervynck A, Perdaen Y, et al. The oldest cereals in the coversand area along the North Sea coast of NW Europe, between ca. 4800 and 3500 cal BC, at the wetland site of “Bazel- Sluis” (Belgium). JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY . 2018;49:1–7.
MLA
Meylemans, Erwin, Jan Bastiaens, Mathieu Boudin, et al. “The Oldest Cereals in the Coversand Area Along the North Sea Coast of NW Europe, Between Ca. 4800 and 3500 Cal BC, at the Wetland Site of ‘Bazel- Sluis’ (Belgium).” JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY 49 (2018): 1–7. Print.
@article{8538606,
  abstract     = {The excavations of the multiperiod (Mesolithic-Neolithic) site of Bazel-Sluis in the lower Scheldt valley in Belgium revealed the presence of a number of carbonized cereal grains, of which 24 were radiocarbon dated. These results indicate three chronological clusters, respectively between 4850/4610-4530/4330 cal BC; 4430/4250-4270/3980 cal BC; and 4050/3840-3680/3480 cal BC. In accordance with this chronology the cultural remains on the site are affiliated with the Late Mesolithic, Swifterbant and Michelsberg cultural groups, and display contacts with the Bandkeramik and Rossen cultures. The oldest cereal remains are the oldest thus far recorded in a Mesolithic context in the coversand region of North-Western Europe. When assessed within the framework of the archaeological data from the wider region it seems that these finds are to be explained within a first stage of neolithisation, associated with contacts with the Blicquy and Rossen cultural groups. From ca. 4300 cal BC the Michelsberg cultural group seems to be the main instigator for the further advance of the neolithisation process.},
  author       = {Meylemans, Erwin and Bastiaens, Jan and Boudin, Mathieu and Deforce, Koen and Ervynck, Anton and Perdaen, Yves and Sergant, Joris and Storme, Annelies and Cromb{\'e}, Philippe},
  issn         = {0278-4165 },
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY },
  keyword      = {early agriculture,cereal grains,Scheldt basin,Neolithic},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1--7},
  title        = {The oldest cereals in the coversand area along the North Sea coast of NW Europe, between ca. 4800 and 3500 cal BC, at the wetland site of {\textquoteleft}Bazel- Sluis{\textquoteright} (Belgium)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaa.2017.11.003},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2018},
}

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