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The oldest cereals in the coversand area along the North Sea coast of NW Europe, between ca. 4800 and 3500 cal BC, at the wetland site of ‘Bazel- Sluis’ (Belgium)

Erwin Meylemans, Jan Bastiaens, Mathieu Boudin, Koen Deforce, Anton Ervynck, Yves Perdaen, Joris Sergant UGent, Annelies Storme UGent and Philippe Crombé UGent (2018) JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY . 49. p.1-7
abstract
The excavations of the multiperiod (Mesolithic-Neolithic) site of Bazel-Sluis in the lower Scheldt valley in Belgium revealed the presence of a number of carbonized cereal grains, of which 24 were radiocarbon dated. These results indicate three chronological clusters, respectively between 4850/4610-4530/4330 cal BC; 4430/4250-4270/3980 cal BC; and 4050/3840-3680/3480 cal BC. In accordance with this chronology the cultural remains on the site are affiliated with the Late Mesolithic, Swifterbant and Michelsberg cultural groups, and display contacts with the Bandkeramik and Rossen cultures. The oldest cereal remains are the oldest thus far recorded in a Mesolithic context in the coversand region of North-Western Europe. When assessed within the framework of the archaeological data from the wider region it seems that these finds are to be explained within a first stage of neolithisation, associated with contacts with the Blicquy and Rossen cultural groups. From ca. 4300 cal BC the Michelsberg cultural group seems to be the main instigator for the further advance of the neolithisation process.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
early agriculture, cereal grains, Scheldt basin, Neolithic
journal title
JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY
volume
49
pages
1 - 7
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000428603500001
ISSN
0278-4165
DOI
10.1016/j.jaa.2017.11.003
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8538606
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8538606
date created
2017-11-22 18:51:16
date last changed
2018-06-14 13:12:24
@article{8538606,
  abstract     = {The excavations of the multiperiod (Mesolithic-Neolithic) site of Bazel-Sluis in the lower Scheldt valley in Belgium revealed the presence of a number of carbonized cereal grains, of which 24 were radiocarbon dated. These results indicate three chronological clusters, respectively between 4850/4610-4530/4330 cal BC; 4430/4250-4270/3980 cal BC; and 4050/3840-3680/3480 cal BC. In accordance with this chronology the cultural remains on the site are affiliated with the Late Mesolithic, Swifterbant and Michelsberg cultural groups, and display contacts with the Bandkeramik and Rossen cultures. The oldest cereal remains are the oldest thus far recorded in a Mesolithic context in the coversand region of North-Western Europe. When assessed within the framework of the archaeological data from the wider region it seems that these finds are to be explained within a first stage of neolithisation, associated with contacts with the Blicquy and Rossen cultural groups. From ca. 4300 cal BC the Michelsberg cultural group seems to be the main instigator for the further advance of the neolithisation process.},
  author       = {Meylemans, Erwin and Bastiaens, Jan and Boudin, Mathieu and Deforce, Koen and Ervynck, Anton and Perdaen, Yves and Sergant, Joris and Storme, Annelies and Cromb{\'e}, Philippe},
  issn         = {0278-4165 },
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY },
  keyword      = {early agriculture,cereal grains,Scheldt basin,Neolithic},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1--7},
  title        = {The oldest cereals in the coversand area along the North Sea coast of NW Europe, between ca. 4800 and 3500 cal BC, at the wetland site of {\textquoteleft}Bazel- Sluis{\textquoteright} (Belgium)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaa.2017.11.003},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2018},
}

Chicago
Meylemans, Erwin, Jan Bastiaens, Mathieu Boudin, Koen Deforce, Anton Ervynck, Yves Perdaen, Joris Sergant, Annelies Storme, and Philippe Crombé. 2018. “The Oldest Cereals in the Coversand Area Along the North Sea Coast of NW Europe, Between Ca. 4800 and 3500 Cal BC, at the Wetland Site of ‘Bazel- Sluis’ (Belgium).” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 49: 1–7.
APA
Meylemans, E., Bastiaens, J., Boudin, M., Deforce, K., Ervynck, A., Perdaen, Y., Sergant, J., et al. (2018). The oldest cereals in the coversand area along the North Sea coast of NW Europe, between ca. 4800 and 3500 cal BC, at the wetland site of “Bazel- Sluis” (Belgium). JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY , 49, 1–7.
Vancouver
1.
Meylemans E, Bastiaens J, Boudin M, Deforce K, Ervynck A, Perdaen Y, et al. The oldest cereals in the coversand area along the North Sea coast of NW Europe, between ca. 4800 and 3500 cal BC, at the wetland site of “Bazel- Sluis” (Belgium). JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY . 2018;49:1–7.
MLA
Meylemans, Erwin, Jan Bastiaens, Mathieu Boudin, et al. “The Oldest Cereals in the Coversand Area Along the North Sea Coast of NW Europe, Between Ca. 4800 and 3500 Cal BC, at the Wetland Site of ‘Bazel- Sluis’ (Belgium).” JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL ARCHAEOLOGY 49 (2018): 1–7. Print.