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Standardising the assessment of environmental enrichment and tail-docking legal requirements for finishing pigs in Europe

(2016) ANIMAL WELFARE. 25(4). p.499-509
Author
Organization
Abstract
An online training package providing a concise synthesis of the scientific data underpinning EU legislation on enrichment and tail-docking of pigs was produced in seven languages, with the aim of improving consistency of professional judgements regarding legislation compliance on farms. In total, 158 participants who were official inspectors, certification scheme assessors and advisors from 16 EU countries completed an initial test and an online training package. Control group participants completed a second identical test before, and Training group participants after, viewing the training. In Section 1 of the test participants rated the importance of modifying environmental enrichment defined in nine scenarios from 1 (not important) to 10 (very important). Training significantly increased participants' overall perception of the need for change. Participants then rated nine risk factors for tail-biting from 1 (no risk) to 10 (high risk). After training scores were better correlated with risk rankings already described by scientists. Scenarios relating to tail-docking and management were then described. Training significantly increased the proportion of respondents correctly identifying that a farm without tail lesions should stop tail-docking. Finally, participants rated the importance of modifying enrichment in three further scenarios. Training increased ratings in all three. The pattern of results indicated that participants' roles influenced scores but overall the training improved: i) recognition of enrichments that, by virtue of their type or use by pigs, may be insufficient to achieve legislation compliance; ii) knowledge on risk factors for tail-biting; and iii) recognition of when routine tail-docking was occurring.
Keywords
animal welfare, enrichment, inspector, legislation, pig, tail-docking, SLAUGHTER PIGS, BEHAVIOR, WELFARE, FARM, PERFORMANCE, PREVALENCE, ATTITUDE, SYSTEMS

Citation

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MLA
Hothersall, B et al. “Standardising the Assessment of Environmental Enrichment and Tail-docking Legal Requirements for Finishing Pigs in Europe.” ANIMAL WELFARE 25.4 (2016): 499–509. Print.
APA
Hothersall, B., Whistance, L., Zedlacher, H., Algers, B., Andersson, E., Bracke, M., Courboulay, V., et al. (2016). Standardising the assessment of environmental enrichment and tail-docking legal requirements for finishing pigs in Europe. ANIMAL WELFARE, 25(4), 499–509.
Chicago author-date
Hothersall, B, L Whistance, H Zedlacher, B Algers, E Andersson, M Bracke, V Courboulay, et al. 2016. “Standardising the Assessment of Environmental Enrichment and Tail-docking Legal Requirements for Finishing Pigs in Europe.” Animal Welfare 25 (4): 499–509.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hothersall, B, L Whistance, H Zedlacher, B Algers, E Andersson, M Bracke, V Courboulay, P Ferrari, C Leeb, S Mullan, J Nowicki, M-C Meunier-Salaün, T Schwarz, Lisanne Stadig, and D Main. 2016. “Standardising the Assessment of Environmental Enrichment and Tail-docking Legal Requirements for Finishing Pigs in Europe.” Animal Welfare 25 (4): 499–509.
Vancouver
1.
Hothersall B, Whistance L, Zedlacher H, Algers B, Andersson E, Bracke M, et al. Standardising the assessment of environmental enrichment and tail-docking legal requirements for finishing pigs in Europe. ANIMAL WELFARE. 2016;25(4):499–509.
IEEE
[1]
B. Hothersall et al., “Standardising the assessment of environmental enrichment and tail-docking legal requirements for finishing pigs in Europe,” ANIMAL WELFARE, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 499–509, 2016.
@article{8538477,
  abstract     = {An online training package providing a concise synthesis of the scientific data underpinning EU legislation on enrichment and tail-docking of pigs was produced in seven languages, with the aim of improving consistency of professional judgements regarding legislation compliance on farms. In total, 158 participants who were official inspectors, certification scheme assessors and advisors from 16 EU countries completed an initial test and an online training package. Control group participants completed a second identical test before, and Training group participants after, viewing the training. In Section 1 of the test participants rated the importance of modifying environmental enrichment defined in nine scenarios from 1 (not important) to 10 (very important). Training significantly increased participants' overall perception of the need for change. Participants then rated nine risk factors for tail-biting from 1 (no risk) to 10 (high risk). After training scores were better correlated with risk rankings already described by scientists. Scenarios relating to tail-docking and management were then described. Training significantly increased the proportion of respondents correctly identifying that a farm without tail lesions should stop tail-docking. Finally, participants rated the importance of modifying enrichment in three further scenarios. Training increased ratings in all three. The pattern of results indicated that participants' roles influenced scores but overall the training improved: i) recognition of enrichments that, by virtue of their type or use by pigs, may be insufficient to achieve legislation compliance; ii) knowledge on risk factors for tail-biting; and iii) recognition of when routine tail-docking was occurring.},
  author       = {Hothersall, B and Whistance, L and Zedlacher, H and Algers, B and Andersson, E and Bracke, M and Courboulay, V and Ferrari, P and Leeb, C and Mullan, S and Nowicki, J and Meunier-Salaün, M-C and Schwarz, T and Stadig, Lisanne and Main, D},
  issn         = {0962-7286},
  journal      = {ANIMAL WELFARE},
  keywords     = {animal welfare,enrichment,inspector,legislation,pig,tail-docking,SLAUGHTER PIGS,BEHAVIOR,WELFARE,FARM,PERFORMANCE,PREVALENCE,ATTITUDE,SYSTEMS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {499--509},
  title        = {Standardising the assessment of environmental enrichment and tail-docking legal requirements for finishing pigs in Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.7120/09627286.25.4.499},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2016},
}

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