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Using dust, gas and stellar mass-selected samples to probe dust sources and sinks in low-metallicity galaxies

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Abstract
We combine samples of nearby galaxies with Herschel photometry selected on their dust, metal, HI and stellar mass content, and compare these to chemical evolution models in order to discriminate between different dust sources. In a companion paper, we used an HI-selected sample of nearby galaxies to reveal a subsample of very gas-rich (gas fraction >80 per cent) sources with dust masses significantly below predictions from simple chemical evolution models, and well below M-d/M-* and M-d/M-gas scaling relations seen in dust and stellar-selected samples of local galaxies. We use a chemical evolution model to explain these dust-poor, but gas-rich, sources as well as the observed star formation rates (SFRs) and dust-to-gas ratios. We find that (i) a delayed star formation history is required to model the observed SFRs; (ii) inflows and outflows are required to model the observed metallicities at low gas fractions; (iii) a reduced contribution of dust from supernovae (SNe) is needed to explain the dust-poor sources with high gas fractions. These dust-poor, low stellar mass galaxies require a typical core-collapse SN to produce 0.01-0.16 M-circle dot of dust. To match the observed dust masses at lower gas fractions, significant grain growth is required to counteract the reduced contribution from dust in SNe and dust destruction from SN shocks. These findings are statistically robust, though due to intrinsic scatter it is not always possible to find one single model that successfully describes all the data. We also show that the dust-to-metal ratio decreases towards lower metallicity.
Keywords
dust, extinction, galaxies: dwarf, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: fundamental parameters, galaxies: ISM, galaxies: star formation, HERSCHEL REFERENCE SURVEY, STAR-FORMING GALAXIES, BLUE COMPACT GALAXIES, H-II REGIONS, HIGH-REDSHIFT GALAXIES, PRIMORDIAL HELIUM ABUNDANCE, EMISSION-LINE SPECTRA, LYMAN-ALPHA ABSORBERS, DIGITAL SKY SURVEY, TO-METAL RATIOS

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Citation

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MLA
De Vis, Pieter et al. “Using Dust, Gas and Stellar Mass-selected Samples to Probe Dust Sources and Sinks in Low-metallicity Galaxies.” MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 471.2 (2017): 1743–1765. Print.
APA
De Vis, Pieter, Gomez, H., Schofield, S., Maddox, S., Dunne, L., Baes, M., Cigan, P., et al. (2017). Using dust, gas and stellar mass-selected samples to probe dust sources and sinks in low-metallicity galaxies. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 471(2), 1743–1765.
Chicago author-date
De Vis, Pieter, HL Gomez, SP Schofield, S Maddox, L Dunne, Maarten Baes, P Cigan, et al. 2017. “Using Dust, Gas and Stellar Mass-selected Samples to Probe Dust Sources and Sinks in Low-metallicity Galaxies.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 471 (2): 1743–1765.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Vis, Pieter, HL Gomez, SP Schofield, S Maddox, L Dunne, Maarten Baes, P Cigan, CJR Clark, EL Gomez, M Lara-López, and M Owers. 2017. “Using Dust, Gas and Stellar Mass-selected Samples to Probe Dust Sources and Sinks in Low-metallicity Galaxies.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 471 (2): 1743–1765.
Vancouver
1.
De Vis P, Gomez H, Schofield S, Maddox S, Dunne L, Baes M, et al. Using dust, gas and stellar mass-selected samples to probe dust sources and sinks in low-metallicity galaxies. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. 2017;471(2):1743–65.
IEEE
[1]
P. De Vis et al., “Using dust, gas and stellar mass-selected samples to probe dust sources and sinks in low-metallicity galaxies,” MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, vol. 471, no. 2, pp. 1743–1765, 2017.
@article{8538461,
  abstract     = {We combine samples of nearby galaxies with Herschel photometry selected on their dust, metal, HI and stellar mass content, and compare these to chemical evolution models in order to discriminate between different dust sources. In a companion paper, we used an HI-selected sample of nearby galaxies to reveal a subsample of very gas-rich (gas fraction >80 per cent) sources with dust masses significantly below predictions from simple chemical evolution models, and well below M-d/M-* and M-d/M-gas scaling relations seen in dust and stellar-selected samples of local galaxies. We use a chemical evolution model to explain these dust-poor, but gas-rich, sources as well as the observed star formation rates (SFRs) and dust-to-gas ratios. We find that (i) a delayed star formation history is required to model the observed SFRs; (ii) inflows and outflows are required to model the observed metallicities at low gas fractions; (iii) a reduced contribution of dust from supernovae (SNe) is needed to explain the dust-poor sources with high gas fractions. These dust-poor, low stellar mass galaxies require a typical core-collapse SN to produce 0.01-0.16 M-circle dot of dust. To match the observed dust masses at lower gas fractions, significant grain growth is required to counteract the reduced contribution from dust in SNe and dust destruction from SN shocks. These findings are statistically robust, though due to intrinsic scatter it is not always possible to find one single model that successfully describes all the data. We also show that the dust-to-metal ratio decreases towards lower metallicity.},
  author       = {De Vis, Pieter and Gomez, HL and Schofield, SP and Maddox, S and Dunne, L and Baes, Maarten and Cigan, P and Clark, CJR and Gomez, EL and Lara-López, M and Owers, M},
  issn         = {0035-8711},
  journal      = {MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY},
  keywords     = {dust,extinction,galaxies: dwarf,galaxies: evolution,galaxies: fundamental parameters,galaxies: ISM,galaxies: star formation,HERSCHEL REFERENCE SURVEY,STAR-FORMING GALAXIES,BLUE COMPACT GALAXIES,H-II REGIONS,HIGH-REDSHIFT GALAXIES,PRIMORDIAL HELIUM ABUNDANCE,EMISSION-LINE SPECTRA,LYMAN-ALPHA ABSORBERS,DIGITAL SKY SURVEY,TO-METAL RATIOS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {1743--1765},
  title        = {Using dust, gas and stellar mass-selected samples to probe dust sources and sinks in low-metallicity galaxies},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx981},
  volume       = {471},
  year         = {2017},
}

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