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Species prevalence and disease progression studies demonstrate a seasonal shift in the Alternaria population composition on potato

Michiel Vandecasteele (UGent) , Sofie Landschoot (UGent) , Jasper Carrette (UGent) , Jan Verwaeren (UGent) , Monica Höfte (UGent) , Kris Audenaert (UGent) and Geert Haesaert (UGent)
(2018) PLANT PATHOLOGY. 67(2). p.327-336
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Abstract
To assess the incidence of early blight/brown spot (EB/BS) in Flanders (Belgium), potato fields in 22 locations were monitored and scored over the duration of the growing seasons 2014 and 2015. The average disease incidence was shown to be higher in 2014 than in 2015. Soil type, rainfall and temperature were also analysed in relation to disease incidence. In 2014, potato plants grown in sandy soils had more EB/BS disease than those grown in clay or loamy soils. However, the low disease incidence in 2015 meant that differences in disease levels between soil types could not be discerned for that growing season. A windowpane analysis demonstrated that rainfall and humidity accounted for the differences in disease incidence between the two growing seasons. During the course of the survey, the species composition in leaves with symptoms was assessed using real-time PCR. Remarkably, small-spored Alternaria species, such as A. alternata and A. arborescens, rather than the more virulent A. solani were the predominant species on potato leaves throughout the growing season. As the disease progressed, the proportion of A. solani increased. In view of these results, the virulence of a collected set of Alternaria isolates was assessed by an invitro assay. Despite A. solani being more virulent than A. alternata or A. arborescens, the most abundant species isolated from potato leaves with symptoms was A. arborescens.
Keywords
Alternaria, population composition, potato, real-time PCR, virulence, weather, IDENTIFICATION, PATHOGENICITY

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Chicago
Vandecasteele, Michiel, Sofie Landschoot, Jasper Carrette, Jan Verwaeren, Monica Höfte, Kris Audenaert, and Geert Haesaert. 2018. “Species Prevalence and Disease Progression Studies Demonstrate a Seasonal Shift in the Alternaria Population Composition on Potato.” Plant Pathology 67 (2): 327–336.
APA
Vandecasteele, Michiel, Landschoot, S., Carrette, J., Verwaeren, J., Höfte, M., Audenaert, K., & Haesaert, G. (2018). Species prevalence and disease progression studies demonstrate a seasonal shift in the Alternaria population composition on potato. PLANT PATHOLOGY, 67(2), 327–336.
Vancouver
1.
Vandecasteele M, Landschoot S, Carrette J, Verwaeren J, Höfte M, Audenaert K, et al. Species prevalence and disease progression studies demonstrate a seasonal shift in the Alternaria population composition on potato. PLANT PATHOLOGY. 2018;67(2):327–36.
MLA
Vandecasteele, Michiel, Sofie Landschoot, Jasper Carrette, et al. “Species Prevalence and Disease Progression Studies Demonstrate a Seasonal Shift in the Alternaria Population Composition on Potato.” PLANT PATHOLOGY 67.2 (2018): 327–336. Print.
@article{8537377,
  abstract     = {To assess the incidence of early blight/brown spot (EB/BS) in Flanders (Belgium), potato fields in 22 locations were monitored and scored over the duration of the growing seasons 2014 and 2015. The average disease incidence was shown to be higher in 2014 than in 2015. Soil type, rainfall and temperature were also analysed in relation to disease incidence. In 2014, potato plants grown in sandy soils had more EB/BS disease than those grown in clay or loamy soils. However, the low disease incidence in 2015 meant that differences in disease levels between soil types could not be discerned for that growing season. A windowpane analysis demonstrated that rainfall and humidity accounted for the differences in disease incidence between the two growing seasons. During the course of the survey, the species composition in leaves with symptoms was assessed using real-time PCR. Remarkably, small-spored Alternaria species, such as A. alternata and A. arborescens, rather than the more virulent A. solani were the predominant species on potato leaves throughout the growing season. As the disease progressed, the proportion of A. solani increased. In view of these results, the virulence of a collected set of Alternaria isolates was assessed by an invitro assay. Despite A. solani being more virulent than A. alternata or A. arborescens, the most abundant species isolated from potato leaves with symptoms was A. arborescens.},
  author       = {Vandecasteele, Michiel and Landschoot, Sofie and Carrette, Jasper and Verwaeren, Jan and H{\"o}fte, Monica and Audenaert, Kris and Haesaert, Geert},
  issn         = {0032-0862},
  journal      = {PLANT PATHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {Alternaria,population composition,potato,real-time PCR,virulence,weather,IDENTIFICATION,PATHOGENICITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {327--336},
  title        = {Species prevalence and disease progression studies demonstrate a seasonal shift in the Alternaria population composition on potato},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppa.12734},
  volume       = {67},
  year         = {2018},
}

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