Advanced search
1 file | 19.03 MB Add to list

Typhoon Haiyan's sedimentary record in coastal environments of the Philippines and its palaeotempestological implications

Author
Organization
Abstract
On 8 November 2013, category 5 Supertyphoon Haiyan made landfall on the Philippines. During a post-typhoon survey in February 2014, Haiyan-related sand deposition and morphological changes were documented at four severely affected sites with different exposure to the typhoon track and different geological and geomorphological settings. Onshore sand sheets reaching 100-250m inland are restricted to coastal areas with significant inundation due to amplification of surge levels in embayments or due to accompanying long-wave phenomena at the most exposed coastlines of Leyte and Samar. However, localized washover fans with a storm-typical laminated stratigraphy occurred even along coasts with limited inundation due to waves overtopping or breaching coastal barriers. On a recent reef platform off Negros in the Visayan Sea, storm waves entrained coral rubble from the reef slope and formed an intertidal coral ridge several hundreds of metres long when breaking at the reef edge. As these sediments and landforms were generated by one of the strongest storms ever recorded, they not only provide a recent reference for typhoon signatures that can be used for palaeotempestological and palaeotsunami studies in the region but might also increase the general spectrum of possible cyclone deposits. Although a rather atypical example for storm deposition due to the influence of infragravity waves, it nevertheless provides a valuable reference for an extreme case that should be considered when discriminating between storm and tsunami deposits in general. Even for sites with low topography and high inundation levels dur-ing Supertyphoon Haiyan, the landward extent of the documented sand sheets seems significantly smaller than typical sand sheets of large tsunamis. This criterion may potentially be used to distinguish both types of events.
Keywords
TOHOKU-OKI TSUNAMI, STORM-SURGE, TROPICAL CYCLONES, WASHOVER DEPOSITS, OVERWASH DEPOSITS, BARRIER ISLANDS, FIELD SURVEY, LEYTE GULF, THAILAND, AUSTRALIA

Downloads

  • nhess-16-2799-2016.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 19.03 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Brill, Dominik et al. “Typhoon Haiyan’s Sedimentary Record in Coastal Environments of the Philippines and Its Palaeotempestological Implications.” NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES 16.12 (2016): 2799–2822. Print.
APA
Brill, D., May, S. M., Engel, M., Reyes, M., Pint, A., Opitz, S., Dierick, M., et al. (2016). Typhoon Haiyan’s sedimentary record in coastal environments of the Philippines and its palaeotempestological implications. NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, 16(12), 2799–2822.
Chicago author-date
Brill, Dominik, Simon Matthias May, Max Engel, Michelle Reyes, Anna Pint, Stephan Opitz, Manuel Dierick, Lia Anne Gonzalo, Sascha Esser, and Helmut Brückner. 2016. “Typhoon Haiyan’s Sedimentary Record in Coastal Environments of the Philippines and Its Palaeotempestological Implications.” Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 16 (12): 2799–2822.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Brill, Dominik, Simon Matthias May, Max Engel, Michelle Reyes, Anna Pint, Stephan Opitz, Manuel Dierick, Lia Anne Gonzalo, Sascha Esser, and Helmut Brückner. 2016. “Typhoon Haiyan’s Sedimentary Record in Coastal Environments of the Philippines and Its Palaeotempestological Implications.” Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 16 (12): 2799–2822.
Vancouver
1.
Brill D, May SM, Engel M, Reyes M, Pint A, Opitz S, et al. Typhoon Haiyan’s sedimentary record in coastal environments of the Philippines and its palaeotempestological implications. NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES. 2016;16(12):2799–822.
IEEE
[1]
D. Brill et al., “Typhoon Haiyan’s sedimentary record in coastal environments of the Philippines and its palaeotempestological implications,” NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2799–2822, 2016.
@article{8536726,
  abstract     = {On 8 November 2013, category 5 Supertyphoon Haiyan made landfall on the Philippines. During a post-typhoon survey in February 2014, Haiyan-related sand deposition and morphological changes were documented at four severely affected sites with different exposure to the typhoon track and different geological and geomorphological settings. Onshore sand sheets reaching 100-250m inland are restricted to coastal areas with significant inundation due to amplification of surge levels in embayments or due to accompanying long-wave phenomena at the most exposed coastlines of Leyte and Samar. However, localized washover fans with a storm-typical laminated stratigraphy occurred even along coasts with limited inundation due to waves overtopping or breaching coastal barriers. On a recent reef platform off Negros in the Visayan Sea, storm waves entrained coral rubble from the reef slope and formed an intertidal coral ridge several hundreds of metres long when breaking at the reef edge. As these sediments and landforms were generated by one of the strongest storms ever recorded, they not only provide a recent reference for typhoon signatures that can be used for palaeotempestological and palaeotsunami studies in the region but might also increase the general spectrum of possible cyclone deposits. Although a rather atypical example for storm deposition due to the influence of infragravity waves, it nevertheless provides a valuable reference for an extreme case that should be considered when discriminating between storm and tsunami deposits in general. Even for sites with low topography and high inundation levels dur-ing Supertyphoon Haiyan, the landward extent of the documented sand sheets seems significantly smaller than typical sand sheets of large tsunamis. This criterion may potentially be used to distinguish both types of events.},
  author       = {Brill, Dominik and May, Simon Matthias and Engel, Max and Reyes, Michelle and Pint, Anna and Opitz, Stephan and Dierick, Manuel and Gonzalo, Lia Anne and Esser, Sascha and Brückner, Helmut},
  issn         = {1684-9981},
  journal      = {NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES},
  keywords     = {TOHOKU-OKI TSUNAMI,STORM-SURGE,TROPICAL CYCLONES,WASHOVER DEPOSITS,OVERWASH DEPOSITS,BARRIER ISLANDS,FIELD SURVEY,LEYTE GULF,THAILAND,AUSTRALIA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {2799--2822},
  title        = {Typhoon Haiyan's sedimentary record in coastal environments of the Philippines and its palaeotempestological implications},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-2799-2016},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2016},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: