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Environmental impact assessment process for deep-sea mining in ‘the Area’

Jennifer M. Durden, Laura Lallier UGent, Kevin Murphy, Aline Jaeckel, Kristina Gjerde and Daniel O.B. Jones (2018) MARINE POLICY . 87. p.194-202
abstract
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is key to the robust environmental management of industrial projects; it is used to anticipate, assess and reduce environmental and social risks of a project. It is instrumental in project planning and execution, and often required for financing and regulatory approval to be granted. The International Seabed Authority currently requires an EIA for deep-sea mining (DSM) in areas beyond national jurisdiction (the Area), but the existing regulations present only a portion of a robust EIA process. This article presents an ideal EIA process for DSM, drawing upon the application of EIA from allied industries. It contains screening, scoping and assessment phases, along with the development of an environmental management plan. It also includes external review by experts, stakeholder consultation, and regulatory review. Lessons learned from application of EIA elsewhere are discussed in relation to DSM, including the integration of EIA into UK domestic law, and the reception of EIAs prepared for seabed ore extraction in the Exclusive Economic Zones of New Zealand and Papua New Guinea. Finally, four main challenges of implementing the EIA process to DSM in the Area are presented: 1) EIA process for DSM needs to incorporate mechanisms to address uncertainty; 2) detailed requirements for the EIA process phases should be made clear; 3) mechanisms are needed to ensure that the EIA influences decision making; and, 4) the EIA process requires substantial input and involvement from the regulator.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
in press
journal title
MARINE POLICY
volume
87
pages
194 - 202
ISSN
0308-597X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.10.013
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
8536551
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8536551
alternative location
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308597X17305316
date created
2017-11-08 11:07:07
date last changed
2017-11-13 07:27:20
@article{8536551,
  abstract     = {Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is key to the robust environmental management of industrial projects; it is used to anticipate, assess and reduce environmental and social risks of a project. It is instrumental in project planning and execution, and often required for financing and regulatory approval to be granted. The International Seabed Authority currently requires an EIA for deep-sea mining (DSM) in areas beyond national jurisdiction (the Area), but the existing regulations present only a portion of a robust EIA process. This article presents an ideal EIA process for DSM, drawing upon the application of EIA from allied industries. It contains screening, scoping and assessment phases, along with the development of an environmental management plan. It also includes external review by experts, stakeholder consultation, and regulatory review. Lessons learned from application of EIA elsewhere are discussed in relation to DSM, including the integration of EIA into UK domestic law, and the reception of EIAs prepared for seabed ore extraction in the Exclusive Economic Zones of New Zealand and Papua New Guinea. Finally, four main challenges of implementing the EIA process to DSM in the Area are presented: 1) EIA process for DSM needs to incorporate mechanisms to address uncertainty; 2) detailed requirements for the EIA process phases should be made clear; 3) mechanisms are needed to ensure that the EIA influences decision making; and, 4) the EIA process requires substantial input and involvement from the regulator.},
  author       = {Durden, Jennifer M. and Lallier, Laura and Murphy, Kevin and Jaeckel, Aline and Gjerde, Kristina and Jones, Daniel O.B.},
  issn         = {0308-597X },
  journal      = {MARINE POLICY                                            },
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {194--202},
  title        = {Environmental impact assessment process for deep-sea mining in {\textquoteleft}the Area{\textquoteright}},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.10.013},
  volume       = {87},
  year         = {2018},
}

Chicago
Durden, Jennifer M., Laura Lallier, Kevin Murphy, Aline Jaeckel, Kristina Gjerde, and Daniel O.B. Jones. 2018. “Environmental Impact Assessment Process for Deep-sea Mining in ‘the Area’.” Marine Policy  87: 194–202.
APA
Durden, J. M., Lallier, L., Murphy, K., Jaeckel, A., Gjerde, K., & Jones, D. O. B. (2018). Environmental impact assessment process for deep-sea mining in “the Area.” MARINE POLICY  , 87, 194–202.
Vancouver
1.
Durden JM, Lallier L, Murphy K, Jaeckel A, Gjerde K, Jones DOB. Environmental impact assessment process for deep-sea mining in “the Area.”MARINE POLICY  . 2018;87:194–202.
MLA
Durden, Jennifer M., Laura Lallier, Kevin Murphy, et al. “Environmental Impact Assessment Process for Deep-sea Mining in ‘the Area’.” MARINE POLICY  87 (2018): 194–202. Print.