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Who participates in running events? : socio-demographic characteristics, psychosocial factors and barriers as correlates of non-participation : a pilot study in Belgium

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Abstract
In Western countries, the popularity of running events has increased exponentially during the last three decades. However, little is known about the profile of non-participants. This knowledge is crucial to tailor promotional actions towards people who are currently not participating. Therefore, this study aimed: (1) to examine which socio-ecological factors are related to participation in running events, (2) to give an overview of the barriers towards participation, and (3) to examine differences in barriers depending on gender, age and educational level. Flemish adults (n = 308) completed an online questionnaire about their socio-demographic and psychosocial characteristics, physical activity levels, participation in running events and barriers towards participation. Results showed that motivation, family social support, knowledge about running events and physical activity levels were associated with participation in running events. Among non-participants, the main barriers were bad physical condition, lack of time and lack of interest. In participants, lack of time, distance to the event and financial barriers were most prevalent. With some exceptions, barriers were relatively similar across socio-demographic subgroups. This study confirmed a democratization among participants of running events and provided evidence about which barriers should be tackled to increase participation among population subgroups that are currently underrepresented in such events.
Keywords
exercise, socio-ecological framework, adults, physical activity, Belgium, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, SPORTS PARTICIPATION, QUESTIONNAIRE, DETERMINANTS, POPULATION, RUNNERS, ADULTS

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MLA
Van Dyck, Delfien et al. “Who Participates in Running Events? : Socio-demographic Characteristics, Psychosocial Factors and Barriers as Correlates of Non-participation : a Pilot Study in Belgium.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 14.11 (2017): n. pag. Print.
APA
Van Dyck, D., Cardon, G., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., de Ridder, L., & Willem, A. (2017). Who participates in running events? : socio-demographic characteristics, psychosocial factors and barriers as correlates of non-participation : a pilot study in Belgium. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 14(11).
Chicago author-date
Van Dyck, Delfien, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Lisa de Ridder, and Annick Willem. 2017. “Who Participates in Running Events? : Socio-demographic Characteristics, Psychosocial Factors and Barriers as Correlates of Non-participation : a Pilot Study in Belgium.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (11).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Dyck, Delfien, Greet Cardon, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Lisa de Ridder, and Annick Willem. 2017. “Who Participates in Running Events? : Socio-demographic Characteristics, Psychosocial Factors and Barriers as Correlates of Non-participation : a Pilot Study in Belgium.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (11).
Vancouver
1.
Van Dyck D, Cardon G, De Bourdeaudhuij I, de Ridder L, Willem A. Who participates in running events? : socio-demographic characteristics, psychosocial factors and barriers as correlates of non-participation : a pilot study in Belgium. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2017;14(11).
IEEE
[1]
D. Van Dyck, G. Cardon, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, L. de Ridder, and A. Willem, “Who participates in running events? : socio-demographic characteristics, psychosocial factors and barriers as correlates of non-participation : a pilot study in Belgium,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 14, no. 11, 2017.
@article{8536462,
  abstract     = {In Western countries, the popularity of running events has increased exponentially during the last three decades. However, little is known about the profile of non-participants. This knowledge is crucial to tailor promotional actions towards people who are currently not participating. Therefore, this study aimed: (1) to examine which socio-ecological factors are related to participation in running events, (2) to give an overview of the barriers towards participation, and (3) to examine differences in barriers depending on gender, age and educational level. Flemish adults (n = 308) completed an online questionnaire about their socio-demographic and psychosocial characteristics, physical activity levels, participation in running events and barriers towards participation. Results showed that motivation, family social support, knowledge about running events and physical activity levels were associated with participation in running events. Among non-participants, the main barriers were bad physical condition, lack of time and lack of interest. In participants, lack of time, distance to the event and financial barriers were most prevalent. With some exceptions, barriers were relatively similar across socio-demographic subgroups. This study confirmed a democratization among participants of running events and provided evidence about which barriers should be tackled to increase participation among population subgroups that are currently underrepresented in such events.},
  articleno    = {1315},
  author       = {Van Dyck, Delfien and Cardon, Greet and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and de Ridder, Lisa and Willem, Annick},
  issn         = {1660-4601},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keywords     = {exercise,socio-ecological framework,adults,physical activity,Belgium,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,SPORTS PARTICIPATION,QUESTIONNAIRE,DETERMINANTS,POPULATION,RUNNERS,ADULTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {14},
  title        = {Who participates in running events? : socio-demographic characteristics, psychosocial factors and barriers as correlates of non-participation : a pilot study in Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111315},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2017},
}

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