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Urban agriculture and place-making : narratives about place and space in Ghent, Brno and Bristol

(2017) MORAVIAN GEOGRAPHICAL REPORTS. 25(3). p.154-165
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Abstract
Despite rising enthusiasm for food growing among city dwellers, local authorities struggle to find space for urban agriculture (UA), both literally and figuratively. Consequently, UA often arises, sometimes temporarily, in marginal areas that are vulnerable to changes in planning designation. In the literature, spatial issues in relation to UA have either addressed structural questions of land use, governance and planning, or have highlighted social and personal benefits of UA. This paper aims to revisit and combine both streams of inquiry, viewing them as two co-constitutive forces that shape places through UA. The paper analyses three case studies in Brno, Ghent and Bristol, using a spatial lens that exposes important tensions as inherent characteristics of UA and conceptualises them as tensions within two space-narratives, namely abstract space and concrete place. It is suggested that UA, as a collective socio-cultural process, can transform functionally replicable spaces into unique places and thus contributes to place-making. This function should be recognised within urban planning circles, which should not only secure physical spaces to develop urban agriculture, but also create possibilities for local autonomous governance.
Keywords
NEW-YORK-CITY, COMMUNITY GARDENS, MANAGEMENT, PARADISE, ACTIVISM, COMMONS, HOMES, FORMS, OWN, Urban agriculture, space, place, place-making, urban planning, governance, Ghent (Belgium), Brno (Czech Republic), Bristol (England)

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Chicago
Koopmans, Marlinde, Daniel Keech, Lucie Sovova, and Matt Reed. 2017. “Urban Agriculture and Place-making : Narratives About Place and Space in Ghent, Brno and Bristol.” Moravian Geographical Reports 25 (3): 154–165.
APA
Koopmans, M., Keech, D., Sovova, L., & Reed, M. (2017). Urban agriculture and place-making : narratives about place and space in Ghent, Brno and Bristol. MORAVIAN GEOGRAPHICAL REPORTS, 25(3), 154–165.
Vancouver
1.
Koopmans M, Keech D, Sovova L, Reed M. Urban agriculture and place-making : narratives about place and space in Ghent, Brno and Bristol. MORAVIAN GEOGRAPHICAL REPORTS. 2017;25(3):154–65.
MLA
Koopmans, Marlinde et al. “Urban Agriculture and Place-making : Narratives About Place and Space in Ghent, Brno and Bristol.” MORAVIAN GEOGRAPHICAL REPORTS 25.3 (2017): 154–165. Print.
@article{8535076,
  abstract     = {Despite rising enthusiasm for food growing among city dwellers, local authorities struggle to find space for urban agriculture (UA), both literally and figuratively. Consequently, UA often arises, sometimes temporarily, in marginal areas that are vulnerable to changes in planning designation. In the literature, spatial issues in relation to UA have either addressed structural questions of land use, governance and planning, or have highlighted social and personal benefits of UA. This paper aims to revisit and combine both streams of inquiry, viewing them as two co-constitutive forces that shape places through UA. The paper analyses three case studies in Brno, Ghent and Bristol, using a spatial lens that exposes important tensions as inherent characteristics of UA and conceptualises them as tensions within two space-narratives, namely abstract space and concrete place. It is suggested that UA, as a collective socio-cultural process, can transform functionally replicable spaces into unique places and thus contributes to place-making. This function should be recognised within urban planning circles, which should not only secure physical spaces to develop urban agriculture, but also create possibilities for local autonomous governance.},
  author       = {Koopmans, Marlinde and Keech, Daniel and Sovova, Lucie and Reed, Matt},
  issn         = {1210-8812},
  journal      = {MORAVIAN GEOGRAPHICAL REPORTS},
  keywords     = {NEW-YORK-CITY,COMMUNITY GARDENS,MANAGEMENT,PARADISE,ACTIVISM,COMMONS,HOMES,FORMS,OWN,Urban agriculture,space,place,place-making,urban planning,governance,Ghent (Belgium),Brno (Czech Republic),Bristol (England)},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {154--165},
  title        = {Urban agriculture and place-making : narratives about place and space in Ghent, Brno and Bristol},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/mgr-2017-0014},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2017},
}

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