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Proactive motor control reduces monetary risk taking in gambling

(2012) PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. 23(7). p.805-815
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Abstract
Less supervision by the executive system after disruption of the right prefrontal cortex leads to increased risk taking in gambling because superficially attractive-but risky-choices are not suppressed. Similarly, people might gamble more in multitask situations than in single-task situations because concurrent executive processes usually interfere with each other. In the study reported here, we used a novel monetary decision-making paradigm to investigate whether multitasking could reduce rather than increase risk taking in gambling. We found that performing a task that induced cautious motor responding reduced gambling in a multitask situation (Experiment 1). We then found that a short period of inhibitory training lessened risk taking in gambling at least 2 hr later (Experiments 2 and 3). Our findings indicate that proactive motor control strongly affects monetary risk taking in gambling. The link between control systems at different cognitive levels might be exploited to develop new methods for rehabilitation of addiction and impulse-control disorders.
Keywords
DIRECT-CURRENT STIMULATION, STOP-SIGNAL PARADIGM, RESPONSE-INHIBITION, DECISION-MAKING, PREFRONTAL CORTEX, COGNITIVE CONTROL, SELF-CONTROL, IMPULSIVITY, BEHAVIOR, TASK, gambling, impulse control, executive functions, stop signal, training, response inhibition, self-control

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Verbruggen, Frederick, Rachel Adams, and Christopher D. Chambers. 2012. “Proactive Motor Control Reduces Monetary Risk Taking in Gambling.” Psychological Science 23 (7): 805–815.
APA
Verbruggen, Frederick, Adams, R., & Chambers, C. D. (2012). Proactive motor control reduces monetary risk taking in gambling. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 23(7), 805–815.
Vancouver
1.
Verbruggen F, Adams R, Chambers CD. Proactive motor control reduces monetary risk taking in gambling. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. Thousand oaks: Sage Publications Inc; 2012;23(7):805–15.
MLA
Verbruggen, Frederick, Rachel Adams, and Christopher D. Chambers. “Proactive Motor Control Reduces Monetary Risk Taking in Gambling.” PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 23.7 (2012): 805–815. Print.
@article{8534979,
  abstract     = {Less supervision by the executive system after disruption of the right prefrontal cortex leads to increased risk taking in gambling because superficially attractive-but risky-choices are not suppressed. Similarly, people might gamble more in multitask situations than in single-task situations because concurrent executive processes usually interfere with each other. In the study reported here, we used a novel monetary decision-making paradigm to investigate whether multitasking could reduce rather than increase risk taking in gambling. We found that performing a task that induced cautious motor responding reduced gambling in a multitask situation (Experiment 1). We then found that a short period of inhibitory training lessened risk taking in gambling at least 2 hr later (Experiments 2 and 3). Our findings indicate that proactive motor control strongly affects monetary risk taking in gambling. The link between control systems at different cognitive levels might be exploited to develop new methods for rehabilitation of addiction and impulse-control disorders.},
  author       = {Verbruggen, Frederick and Adams, Rachel and Chambers, Christopher D.},
  issn         = {0956-7976},
  journal      = {PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {DIRECT-CURRENT STIMULATION,STOP-SIGNAL PARADIGM,RESPONSE-INHIBITION,DECISION-MAKING,PREFRONTAL CORTEX,COGNITIVE CONTROL,SELF-CONTROL,IMPULSIVITY,BEHAVIOR,TASK,gambling,impulse control,executive functions,stop signal,training,response inhibition,self-control},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {805--815},
  publisher    = {Sage Publications Inc},
  title        = {Proactive motor control reduces monetary risk taking in gambling},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797611434538},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2012},
}

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