Advanced search
1 file | 273.07 KB Add to list

Proactive and reactive stopping when distracted : an attentional account

Author
Organization
Abstract
Performance in response inhibition paradigms is typically attributed to inhibitory control. Here we examined the idea that stopping may largely depend on the outcome of a sensory detection process. Subjects performed a speeded go task, but they were instructed to withhold their response when a visual stop signal was presented. The stop signal could occur in the center of the screen or in the periphery. On half of the trials, perceptual distractors were presented throughout the trial. We found that these perceptual distractors impaired stopping, especially when stop signals could occur in the periphery. Furthermore, the effect of the distractors on going was smallest in the central stop-signal condition, medium in a condition in which no signals could occur, and largest in the condition in which stop signals could occur in the periphery. The results show that an important component of stopping is finding a balance between ignoring irrelevant information in the environment and monitoring for the occurrence of occasional stop signals. These findings highlight the importance of sensory detection processes when stopping and could shed new light on a range of phenomena and findings in the response inhibition literature.
Keywords
SIGNAL PARADIGM, INHIBIT THOUGHT, RACE MODEL, ABILITY, TASK, ACT, perceptual distraction, response inhibition, proactive control, response, strategies, signal monitoring

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 273.07 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Verbruggen, Frederick, Tobias Stevens, and Christopher D. Chambers. “Proactive and Reactive Stopping When Distracted : an Attentional Account.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE 40.4 (2014): 1295–1300. Print.
APA
Verbruggen, Frederick, Stevens, T., & Chambers, C. D. (2014). Proactive and reactive stopping when distracted : an attentional account. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE, 40(4), 1295–1300.
Chicago author-date
Verbruggen, Frederick, Tobias Stevens, and Christopher D. Chambers. 2014. “Proactive and Reactive Stopping When Distracted : an Attentional Account.” Journal of Experimental Psychology-human Perception and Performance 40 (4): 1295–1300.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Verbruggen, Frederick, Tobias Stevens, and Christopher D. Chambers. 2014. “Proactive and Reactive Stopping When Distracted : an Attentional Account.” Journal of Experimental Psychology-human Perception and Performance 40 (4): 1295–1300.
Vancouver
1.
Verbruggen F, Stevens T, Chambers CD. Proactive and reactive stopping when distracted : an attentional account. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE. Washington: Amer Psychological Assoc; 2014;40(4):1295–300.
IEEE
[1]
F. Verbruggen, T. Stevens, and C. D. Chambers, “Proactive and reactive stopping when distracted : an attentional account,” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 1295–1300, 2014.
@article{8534949,
  abstract     = {Performance in response inhibition paradigms is typically attributed to inhibitory control. Here we examined the idea that stopping may largely depend on the outcome of a sensory detection process. Subjects performed a speeded go task, but they were instructed to withhold their response when a visual stop signal was presented. The stop signal could occur in the center of the screen or in the periphery. On half of the trials, perceptual distractors were presented throughout the trial. We found that these perceptual distractors impaired stopping, especially when stop signals could occur in the periphery. Furthermore, the effect of the distractors on going was smallest in the central stop-signal condition, medium in a condition in which no signals could occur, and largest in the condition in which stop signals could occur in the periphery. The results show that an important component of stopping is finding a balance between ignoring irrelevant information in the environment and monitoring for the occurrence of occasional stop signals. These findings highlight the importance of sensory detection processes when stopping and could shed new light on a range of phenomena and findings in the response inhibition literature.},
  author       = {Verbruggen, Frederick and Stevens, Tobias and Chambers, Christopher D.},
  issn         = {0096-1523},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE},
  keywords     = {SIGNAL PARADIGM,INHIBIT THOUGHT,RACE MODEL,ABILITY,TASK,ACT,perceptual distraction,response inhibition,proactive control,response,strategies,signal monitoring},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1295--1300},
  publisher    = {Amer Psychological Assoc},
  title        = {Proactive and reactive stopping when distracted : an attentional account},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0036542},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2014},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: