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The role of age, working memory, and response inhibition in deviance distraction : a cross-sectional study

(2016) DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. 52(9). p.1381-1393
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Abstract
Sounds deviating from an otherwise repeated or structured sequence capture attention and affect performance in an ongoing visual task negatively, testament to the balance between selective attention and change detection. Although deviance distraction has been the object of much research, its modulation across the life span has been more scarcely addressed. Recent findings suggest possible connections with working memory and response inhibition. In this study we measured the performance of children and young and older adults in a cross-modal oddball task (deviance distraction), a working memory task (working memory capacity), and a response inhibition task (ability to voluntarily inhibit an already planned action) with the aim to establish the contribution of the latter 2 to the first. Older adults exhibited significantly more deviance distraction than children and young adults (who did not differ from each other). Working memory capacity mediated deviance distraction in children and older adults (though in opposite directions) but not in young adults. Response inhibition capacities did not mediate deviance distraction in any of the age groups. Altogether the results suggest that although the increase in deviance distraction observed in old age may partly reflect the relative impairment of working memory mechanisms, there is no straightforward and stable relation between working memory capacity and deviance distraction across the life span. Furthermore, our results indicate that deviance distraction is unlikely to reflect the temporary inhibition of responses.
Keywords
STOP-SIGNAL PARADIGM, AUDITORY DISTRACTION, INVOLUNTARY ATTENTION, COGNITIVE CONTROL, BRAIN POTENTIALS, MISMATCH NEGATIVITY, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, PROCESSING SPEED, LIFE-SPAN, TASK, aging, deviance distraction, life span, response inhibition, working, memory

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Chicago
Leiva, Alicia, Pilar Andres, Mateu Servera, Frederick Verbruggen, and Fabrice B. R. Parmentier. 2016. “The Role of Age, Working Memory, and Response Inhibition in Deviance Distraction : a Cross-sectional Study.” Developmental Psychology 52 (9): 1381–1393.
APA
Leiva, A., Andres, P., Servera, M., Verbruggen, F., & Parmentier, F. B. R. (2016). The role of age, working memory, and response inhibition in deviance distraction : a cross-sectional study. DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 52(9), 1381–1393.
Vancouver
1.
Leiva A, Andres P, Servera M, Verbruggen F, Parmentier FBR. The role of age, working memory, and response inhibition in deviance distraction : a cross-sectional study. DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. Washington: Amer Psychological Assoc; 2016;52(9):1381–93.
MLA
Leiva, Alicia et al. “The Role of Age, Working Memory, and Response Inhibition in Deviance Distraction : a Cross-sectional Study.” DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 52.9 (2016): 1381–1393. Print.
@article{8534885,
  abstract     = {Sounds deviating from an otherwise repeated or structured sequence capture attention and affect performance in an ongoing visual task negatively, testament to the balance between selective attention and change detection. Although deviance distraction has been the object of much research, its modulation across the life span has been more scarcely addressed. Recent findings suggest possible connections with working memory and response inhibition. In this study we measured the performance of children and young and older adults in a cross-modal oddball task (deviance distraction), a working memory task (working memory capacity), and a response inhibition task (ability to voluntarily inhibit an already planned action) with the aim to establish the contribution of the latter 2 to the first. Older adults exhibited significantly more deviance distraction than children and young adults (who did not differ from each other). Working memory capacity mediated deviance distraction in children and older adults (though in opposite directions) but not in young adults. Response inhibition capacities did not mediate deviance distraction in any of the age groups. Altogether the results suggest that although the increase in deviance distraction observed in old age may partly reflect the relative impairment of working memory mechanisms, there is no straightforward and stable relation between working memory capacity and deviance distraction across the life span. Furthermore, our results indicate that deviance distraction is unlikely to reflect the temporary inhibition of responses.},
  author       = {Leiva, Alicia and Andres, Pilar and Servera, Mateu and Verbruggen, Frederick and Parmentier, Fabrice B. R.},
  issn         = {0012-1649},
  journal      = {DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {STOP-SIGNAL PARADIGM,AUDITORY DISTRACTION,INVOLUNTARY ATTENTION,COGNITIVE CONTROL,BRAIN POTENTIALS,MISMATCH NEGATIVITY,INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES,PROCESSING SPEED,LIFE-SPAN,TASK,aging,deviance distraction,life span,response inhibition,working,memory},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {1381--1393},
  publisher    = {Amer Psychological Assoc},
  title        = {The role of age, working memory, and response inhibition in deviance distraction : a cross-sectional study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/dev0000163},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {2016},
}

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