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Use of Tenax® films to demonstrate the migration of chemical contaminants from cardboard into dry food

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Abstract
Contaminants in food packaging are a challenge of our time since the packaging material itself has been found to represent a source of food contamination through the migration of substances from it. Before first use, packaging materials destined for the packaging of dry foods can be evaluated by performing migration experiments with the simulant for dry foods, Tenax (R). This simulant is commercially available as a powder that is more difficult to handle during the migration experiments. This paper reports the development of a Tenax film. The film can be applied to the cardboard surface to conduct the migration test. After the migration is completed, the film can be easily extracted to determine the concentration of the contaminants in the film. Finally, the performance of the Tenax film was compared with the conventional Tenax powder for the evaluation of 15 model migrants.
Keywords
PACKAGING MATERIALS, RECYCLED PAPERBOARD, PRINTING INKS, BOARD, SIMULANT, SUBSTANCES, FOODSTUFFS, ADHESIVES, MARKET, Tenax (R), film, food simulant, migration testing, food-contact material

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Citation

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MLA
Van den Houwe, K, C Evrard, J Van Loco, et al. “Use of Tenax® Films to Demonstrate the Migration of Chemical Contaminants from Cardboard into Dry Food.” FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT 34.7 (2017): 1261–1269. Print.
APA
Van den Houwe, K., Evrard, C., Van Loco, J., Lynen, F., & Van Hoeck, E. (2017). Use of Tenax® films to demonstrate the migration of chemical contaminants from cardboard into dry food. FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT, 34(7), 1261–1269.
Chicago author-date
Van den Houwe, K, C Evrard, J Van Loco, Frederic Lynen, and E Van Hoeck. 2017. “Use of Tenax® Films to Demonstrate the Migration of Chemical Contaminants from Cardboard into Dry Food.” Food Additives and Contaminants Part A-chemistry Analysis Control Exposure & Risk Assessment 34 (7): 1261–1269.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van den Houwe, K, C Evrard, J Van Loco, Frederic Lynen, and E Van Hoeck. 2017. “Use of Tenax® Films to Demonstrate the Migration of Chemical Contaminants from Cardboard into Dry Food.” Food Additives and Contaminants Part A-chemistry Analysis Control Exposure & Risk Assessment 34 (7): 1261–1269.
Vancouver
1.
Van den Houwe K, Evrard C, Van Loco J, Lynen F, Van Hoeck E. Use of Tenax® films to demonstrate the migration of chemical contaminants from cardboard into dry food. FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT. 2017;34(7):1261–9.
IEEE
[1]
K. Van den Houwe, C. Evrard, J. Van Loco, F. Lynen, and E. Van Hoeck, “Use of Tenax® films to demonstrate the migration of chemical contaminants from cardboard into dry food,” FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 1261–1269, 2017.
@article{8534821,
  abstract     = {Contaminants in food packaging are a challenge of our time since the packaging material itself has been found to represent a source of food contamination through the migration of substances from it. Before first use, packaging materials destined for the packaging of dry foods can be evaluated by performing migration experiments with the simulant for dry foods, Tenax (R). This simulant is commercially available as a powder that is more difficult to handle during the migration experiments. This paper reports the development of a Tenax film. The film can be applied to the cardboard surface to conduct the migration test. After the migration is completed, the film can be easily extracted to determine the concentration of the contaminants in the film. Finally, the performance of the Tenax film was compared with the conventional Tenax powder for the evaluation of 15 model migrants.},
  author       = {Van den Houwe, K and Evrard, C and Van Loco, J and Lynen, Frederic and Van Hoeck, E},
  issn         = {1944-0049},
  journal      = {FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT},
  keywords     = {PACKAGING MATERIALS,RECYCLED PAPERBOARD,PRINTING INKS,BOARD,SIMULANT,SUBSTANCES,FOODSTUFFS,ADHESIVES,MARKET,Tenax (R),film,food simulant,migration testing,food-contact material},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1261--1269},
  title        = {Use of Tenax® films to demonstrate the migration of chemical contaminants from cardboard into dry food},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2017.1326067},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2017},
}

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