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Applying contemporary neuroscience in exercise interventions for chronic spinal pain : treatment protocol

Anneleen Malfliet (UGent) , Jeroen Kregel (UGent) , Mira Meeus (UGent) , Barbara Cagnie (UGent) , Nathalie Roussel, Mieke Dolphens (UGent) , Lieven Danneels (UGent) and Jo Nijs
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Abstract
Background: Nonspecific chronic spinal pain is a common problem within the chronic pain population and is characterized by high social, economic and personal impact. To date, therapists are still struggling in adequately treating these types of patients, as seen in the small and short-term benefits of frequently applied primary care treatments. It is remarkable that despite the well-documented presence of abnormalities in central nociceptive processing in nonspecific chronic spinal pain patients, the implementation of this knowledge in clinical practice is still nearly non-existent. Methods: This paper provides the treatment protocol used in a large randomized controlled trial that aimed to assess the effectiveness of a modern neuroscience approach compared to usual care evidence-based physiotherapy. This comprehensive pain neuroscience treatment program combines pain neuroscience education and cognition-targeted exercise therapy. Conclusion: Based on previous small-scaled studies, this treatment protocol is expected to normalize central alterations by addressing central nervous system dysfunctions, psychological factors, as well as peripheral dysfunctions in a broader biopsychosocially-driven framework.
Keywords
Chronic spinal pain, Pain neuroscience education, Exercise therapy, Patient communication, Treatment protocol, LOW-BACK-PAIN, CERVICAL FLEXOR ACTIVITY, CHRONIC-FATIGUE-SYNDROME, CENTRAL SENSITIZATION, CHRONIC WHIPLASH, OLDER-ADULTS, GRAY-MATTER, NECK PAIN, BRAIN, EDUCATION

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Chicago
Malfliet, Anneleen, Jeroen Kregel, Mira Meeus, Barbara Cagnie, Nathalie Roussel, Mieke Dolphens, Lieven Danneels, and Jo Nijs. 2017. “Applying Contemporary Neuroscience in Exercise Interventions for Chronic Spinal Pain : Treatment Protocol.” Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy 21 (5): 378–387.
APA
Malfliet, Anneleen, Kregel, J., Meeus, M., Cagnie, B., Roussel, N., Dolphens, M., Danneels, L., et al. (2017). Applying contemporary neuroscience in exercise interventions for chronic spinal pain : treatment protocol. BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL THERAPY, 21(5), 378–387.
Vancouver
1.
Malfliet A, Kregel J, Meeus M, Cagnie B, Roussel N, Dolphens M, et al. Applying contemporary neuroscience in exercise interventions for chronic spinal pain : treatment protocol. BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL THERAPY. 2017;21(5):378–87.
MLA
Malfliet, Anneleen, Jeroen Kregel, Mira Meeus, et al. “Applying Contemporary Neuroscience in Exercise Interventions for Chronic Spinal Pain : Treatment Protocol.” BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL THERAPY 21.5 (2017): 378–387. Print.
@article{8534721,
  abstract     = {Background: Nonspecific chronic spinal pain is a common problem within the chronic pain population and is characterized by high social, economic and personal impact. To date, therapists are still struggling in adequately treating these types of patients, as seen in the small and short-term benefits of frequently applied primary care treatments. It is remarkable that despite the well-documented presence of abnormalities in central nociceptive processing in nonspecific chronic spinal pain patients, the implementation of this knowledge in clinical practice is still nearly non-existent. 
Methods: This paper provides the treatment protocol used in a large randomized controlled trial that aimed to assess the effectiveness of a modern neuroscience approach compared to usual care evidence-based physiotherapy. This comprehensive pain neuroscience treatment program combines pain neuroscience education and cognition-targeted exercise therapy. 
Conclusion: Based on previous small-scaled studies, this treatment protocol is expected to normalize central alterations by addressing central nervous system dysfunctions, psychological factors, as well as peripheral dysfunctions in a broader biopsychosocially-driven framework.},
  author       = {Malfliet, Anneleen and Kregel, Jeroen and Meeus, Mira and Cagnie, Barbara and Roussel, Nathalie and Dolphens, Mieke and Danneels, Lieven and Nijs, Jo},
  issn         = {1413-3555},
  journal      = {BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL THERAPY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {378--387},
  title        = {Applying contemporary neuroscience in exercise interventions for chronic spinal pain : treatment protocol},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2017.06.019},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2017},
}

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