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Urban bird conservation : presenting stakeholder-specific arguments for the development of bird-friendly cities

(2016) URBAN ECOSYSTEMS. 19(4). p.1535-1550
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Abstract
Following the call from the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity "Cities & Biodiversity Outlook" project to better preserve urban biodiversity, this paper presents stakeholder-specific statements for bird conservation in city environments. Based upon the current urban bird literature we focus upon habitat fragmentation, limited habitat availability, lack of the native vegetation and vegetation structure as the most important challenges facing bird conservation in cities. We follow with an overview of the stakeholders in cities, and identify six main groups having the greatest potential to improve bird survival in cities: i) urban planners, urban designers and (landscape) architects, ii) urban developers and engineers, iii) homeowners and tenants, iv) companies and industries, v) landscaping and gardening firms, vi) education professionals. Given that motivation to act positively for urban birds is linked to stakeholder-specific advice, we present ten statements for bird-friendly cities that are guided by an action perspective and argument for each stakeholder group. We conclude with a discussion on how the use of stakeholder-specific arguments can enhance and rapidly advance urban bird conservation action.
Keywords
BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION, GREEN SPACES, PASSER-DOMESTICUS, HABITAT, ENVIRONMENT, COMMUNITIES, LANDSCAPES, WILDLIFE, MANAGEMENT, STRATEGY, Urban bird conservation, Stakeholder, Argument, Conservation strategy, Urban biodiversity, Urban green

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Chicago
Snep, Robbert PH, Jip Louwe Kooijmans, Robert GM Kwak, Ruud PB Foppen, Holly Parsons, Monica Awasthy, Henk LK Sierdsema, et al. 2016. “Urban Bird Conservation : Presenting Stakeholder-specific Arguments for the Development of Bird-friendly Cities.” Urban Ecosystems 19 (4): 1535–1550.
APA
Snep, R. P., Kooijmans, J. L., Kwak, R. G., Foppen, R. P., Parsons, H., Awasthy, M., Sierdsema, H. L., et al. (2016). Urban bird conservation : presenting stakeholder-specific arguments for the development of bird-friendly cities. URBAN ECOSYSTEMS, 19(4), 1535–1550.
Vancouver
1.
Snep RP, Kooijmans JL, Kwak RG, Foppen RP, Parsons H, Awasthy M, et al. Urban bird conservation : presenting stakeholder-specific arguments for the development of bird-friendly cities. URBAN ECOSYSTEMS. 2016;19(4):1535–50.
MLA
Snep, Robbert PH, Jip Louwe Kooijmans, Robert GM Kwak, et al. “Urban Bird Conservation : Presenting Stakeholder-specific Arguments for the Development of Bird-friendly Cities.” URBAN ECOSYSTEMS 19.4 (2016): 1535–1550. Print.
@article{8534614,
  abstract     = {Following the call from the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity {\textacutedbl}Cities \& Biodiversity Outlook{\textacutedbl} project to better preserve urban biodiversity, this paper presents stakeholder-specific statements for bird conservation in city environments. Based upon the current urban bird literature we focus upon habitat fragmentation, limited habitat availability, lack of the native vegetation and vegetation structure as the most important challenges facing bird conservation in cities. We follow with an overview of the stakeholders in cities, and identify six main groups having the greatest potential to improve bird survival in cities: i) urban planners, urban designers and (landscape) architects, ii) urban developers and engineers, iii) homeowners and tenants, iv) companies and industries, v) landscaping and gardening firms, vi) education professionals. Given that motivation to act positively for urban birds is linked to stakeholder-specific advice, we present ten statements for bird-friendly cities that are guided by an action perspective and argument for each stakeholder group. We conclude with a discussion on how the use of stakeholder-specific arguments can enhance and rapidly advance urban bird conservation action.},
  author       = {Snep, Robbert PH and Kooijmans, Jip Louwe and Kwak, Robert GM and Foppen, Ruud PB and Parsons, Holly and Awasthy, Monica and Sierdsema, Henk LK and Marzluff, John M and Fernandez-Juricic, Esteban and De Laet, Jenny and van Heezik, Yolanda M},
  issn         = {1083-8155},
  journal      = {URBAN ECOSYSTEMS},
  keyword      = {BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION,GREEN SPACES,PASSER-DOMESTICUS,HABITAT,ENVIRONMENT,COMMUNITIES,LANDSCAPES,WILDLIFE,MANAGEMENT,STRATEGY,Urban bird conservation,Stakeholder,Argument,Conservation strategy,Urban biodiversity,Urban green},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1535--1550},
  title        = {Urban bird conservation : presenting stakeholder-specific arguments for the development of bird-friendly cities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11252-015-0442-z},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2016},
}

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