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The prognostic value of fasting plasma glucose, two-hour postload glucose, and HbA1c in patients with coronary artery disease : a report from EUROASPIRE IV : a survey from the European Society of Cardiology

(2017) DIABETES CARE. 40(9). p.1233-1240
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Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Three tests are recommended for identifying dysglycemia: fasting glucose (FPG), 2-h postload glucose (2h-PG) from an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and glycated hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)). This study explored the prognostic value of these screening tests in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA(1c) were used to screen 4,004 CAD patients without a history of diabetes (age 18-80 years) for dysglycemia. The prognostic value of these tests was studied after 2 years of follow-up. The primary end point included cardiovascular mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, or hospitalization for heart failure and a secondary end point of incident diabetes. RESULTS: Complete information including all three glycemic parameters was available in 3,775 patients (94.3%), of whom 246 (6.5%) experienced the primary end point. Neither FPG nor HbA(1c) predicted the primary outcome, whereas the 2h-PG, dichotomized as <7.8 vs. 7.8 mmol/L, was a significant predictor (hazard ratio 1.38, 95% CI 1.07-1.78; P = 0.01). During follow-up, diabetes developed in 78 of the 2,609 patients (3.0%) without diabetes at baseline. An FPG between 6.1 and 6.9 mmol/L did not predict incident diabetes, whereas HbA(1c) 5.7-6.5% and 2h-PG 7.8-11.0 mmol/L were both significant independent predictors. CONCLUSIONS: The 2h-PG, in contrast to FPG and HbA(1c), provides significant prognostic information regarding cardiovascular events in patients with CAD. Furthermore, elevated 2h-PG and HbA(1c) are significant prognostic indicators of an increased risk of incident diabetes.
Keywords
ACUTE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, TYPE-2 DIABETES-MELLITUS, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE, HEART-FAILURE, ESC GUIDELINES, TOLERANCE TEST, FOLLOW-UP, MORTALITY, HYPERGLYCEMIA, ABNORMALITIES

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Chicago
Shahim, Bahira, Dirk De Bacquer, Gui De Backer, Viveca Gyberg, Kornelia Kotseva, Linda Mellbin, Oliver Schnell, Jaakko Tuomilehto, David Wood, and Lars Rydén. 2017. “The Prognostic Value of Fasting Plasma Glucose, Two-hour Postload Glucose, and HbA1c in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease : a Report from EUROASPIRE IV : a Survey from the European Society of Cardiology.” Diabetes Care 40 (9): 1233–1240.
APA
Shahim, B., De Bacquer, D., De Backer, G., Gyberg, V., Kotseva, K., Mellbin, L., Schnell, O., et al. (2017). The prognostic value of fasting plasma glucose, two-hour postload glucose, and HbA1c in patients with coronary artery disease : a report from EUROASPIRE IV : a survey from the European Society of Cardiology. DIABETES CARE, 40(9), 1233–1240.
Vancouver
1.
Shahim B, De Bacquer D, De Backer G, Gyberg V, Kotseva K, Mellbin L, et al. The prognostic value of fasting plasma glucose, two-hour postload glucose, and HbA1c in patients with coronary artery disease : a report from EUROASPIRE IV : a survey from the European Society of Cardiology. DIABETES CARE. 2017;40(9):1233–40.
MLA
Shahim, Bahira, Dirk De Bacquer, Gui De Backer, et al. “The Prognostic Value of Fasting Plasma Glucose, Two-hour Postload Glucose, and HbA1c in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease : a Report from EUROASPIRE IV : a Survey from the European Society of Cardiology.” DIABETES CARE 40.9 (2017): 1233–1240. Print.
@article{8533930,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: Three tests are recommended for identifying dysglycemia: fasting glucose (FPG), 2-h postload glucose (2h-PG) from an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and glycated hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)). This study explored the prognostic value of these screening tests in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA(1c) were used to screen 4,004 CAD patients without a history of diabetes (age 18-80 years) for dysglycemia. The prognostic value of these tests was studied after 2 years of follow-up. The primary end point included cardiovascular mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, or hospitalization for heart failure and a secondary end point of incident diabetes.
RESULTS: Complete information including all three glycemic parameters was available in 3,775 patients (94.3\%), of whom 246 (6.5\%) experienced the primary end point. Neither FPG nor HbA(1c) predicted the primary outcome, whereas the 2h-PG, dichotomized as {\textlangle}7.8 vs. 7.8 mmol/L, was a significant predictor (hazard ratio 1.38, 95\% CI 1.07-1.78; P = 0.01). During follow-up, diabetes developed in 78 of the 2,609 patients (3.0\%) without diabetes at baseline. An FPG between 6.1 and 6.9 mmol/L did not predict incident diabetes, whereas HbA(1c) 5.7-6.5\% and 2h-PG 7.8-11.0 mmol/L were both significant independent predictors.
CONCLUSIONS: The 2h-PG, in contrast to FPG and HbA(1c), provides significant prognostic information regarding cardiovascular events in patients with CAD. Furthermore, elevated 2h-PG and HbA(1c) are significant prognostic indicators of an increased risk of incident diabetes.},
  author       = {Shahim, Bahira and De Bacquer, Dirk and De Backer, Gui and Gyberg, Viveca and Kotseva, Kornelia and Mellbin, Linda and Schnell, Oliver and Tuomilehto, Jaakko and Wood, David and Ryd{\'e}n, Lars},
  issn         = {0149-5992},
  journal      = {DIABETES CARE},
  keyword      = {ACUTE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION,TYPE-2 DIABETES-MELLITUS,CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE,HEART-FAILURE,ESC GUIDELINES,TOLERANCE TEST,FOLLOW-UP,MORTALITY,HYPERGLYCEMIA,ABNORMALITIES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {1233--1240},
  title        = {The prognostic value of fasting plasma glucose, two-hour postload glucose, and HbA1c in patients with coronary artery disease : a report from EUROASPIRE IV : a survey from the European Society of Cardiology},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc17-0245},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2017},
}

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