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Induced expression of selected plant defence related genes in pot azalea, Rhododendron simsii hybrid

(2017) EUPHYTICA. 213(10).
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Abstract
A set of putative marker genes to study plant defense responses against Polyphagotarsonemus latus, a key pest in the production of Rhododendron simsii hybrids, was selected and validated. Genes belonged to the biosynthetic pathway of phytohormones jasmonic acid (JA) (RsLOX, RsAOS, RsAOC, RsOPR3 and RsJMT) and salicylic acid (SA) (RsPAL and RsICS). Furthermore, RsPPO, a putative marker gene for oxidative stress response was successfully cloned from R. simsii. A CTAB-based extraction protocol was optimized to assure excellent RNA quality for subsequent RT-qPCR analysis. The RT-qPCR protocol was extensively tested and RsRG7 and RsRG14 were selected as reference genes from a geNorm pilot study. Validation of the marker genes was done after application with elicitors [methyl jasmonate (MeJA), coronatine, beta-aminobutyric acid and acibenzolar-Smethyl] or wounding. Both 100 mu M MeJA and 0.1 lM coronatine had a significant effect on the expression of all marker genes. Foliar application of MeJA on the shoots resulted in a significantly earlier response when compared to root application and subsequent sampling of the shoots. Expression patterns after MeJA treatment were generally the same in six R. simsii genotypes: 'Nordlicht', 'Elien', 'Aiko Pink', ' Michelle Marie', 'Mevrouw Gerard Kint' and 'Sachsenstern'. Wounding resulted in the same expression patterns as MeJA treatment except for RsJMT. None of the genotypes showed a significant induction of the latter gene 6 h upon wounding. Findings of these experiments indicated that the tolerant genotype 'Elien' has low basal expression levels of RsPPO. This might be the first step towards the breeding of mite-tolerant genotypes.
Keywords
Jasmonic acid (JA), Methyl jasmonate (MeJA), Polyphagotarsonemus latus, Rhododendron simsii hybrids, RT-qPCR, RNA extraction quality, Salicylic acid (SA), LATUS ACARI TARSONEMIDAE, TIME RT-PCR, ACID CARBOXYL METHYLTRANSFERASE, LEAF POLYPHENOL OXIDASE, HOT BORATE METHOD, HIGH-QUALITY RNA, JASMONIC-ACID, BROAD MITE, POLYPHAGOTARSONEMUS-LATUS, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA

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Citation

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Chicago
Luypaert, Gil, Johan Witters, Johan Van Huylenbroeck, Patrick De Clercq, Jan De Riek, and Ellen De Keyser. 2017. “Induced Expression of Selected Plant Defence Related Genes in Pot Azalea, Rhododendron Simsii Hybrid.” Euphytica 213 (10).
APA
Luypaert, Gil, Witters, J., Van Huylenbroeck, J., De Clercq, P., De Riek, J., & De Keyser, E. (2017). Induced expression of selected plant defence related genes in pot azalea, Rhododendron simsii hybrid. EUPHYTICA, 213(10).
Vancouver
1.
Luypaert G, Witters J, Van Huylenbroeck J, De Clercq P, De Riek J, De Keyser E. Induced expression of selected plant defence related genes in pot azalea, Rhododendron simsii hybrid. EUPHYTICA. 2017;213(10).
MLA
Luypaert, Gil, Johan Witters, Johan Van Huylenbroeck, et al. “Induced Expression of Selected Plant Defence Related Genes in Pot Azalea, Rhododendron Simsii Hybrid.” EUPHYTICA 213.10 (2017): n. pag. Print.
@article{8533328,
  abstract     = {A set of putative marker genes to study plant defense responses against Polyphagotarsonemus latus, a key pest in the production of Rhododendron simsii hybrids, was selected and validated. Genes belonged to the biosynthetic pathway of phytohormones jasmonic acid (JA) (RsLOX, RsAOS, RsAOC, RsOPR3 and RsJMT) and salicylic acid (SA) (RsPAL and RsICS). Furthermore, RsPPO, a putative marker gene for oxidative stress response was successfully cloned from R. simsii. A CTAB-based extraction protocol was optimized to assure excellent RNA quality for subsequent RT-qPCR analysis. The RT-qPCR protocol was extensively tested and RsRG7 and RsRG14 were selected as reference genes from a geNorm pilot study. Validation of the marker genes was done after application with elicitors [methyl jasmonate (MeJA), coronatine, beta-aminobutyric acid and acibenzolar-Smethyl] or wounding. Both 100 mu M MeJA and 0.1 lM coronatine had a significant effect on the expression of all marker genes. Foliar application of MeJA on the shoots resulted in a significantly earlier response when compared to root application and subsequent sampling of the shoots. Expression patterns after MeJA treatment were generally the same in six R. simsii genotypes: 'Nordlicht', 'Elien', 'Aiko Pink', ' Michelle Marie', 'Mevrouw Gerard Kint' and 'Sachsenstern'. Wounding resulted in the same expression patterns as MeJA treatment except for RsJMT. None of the genotypes showed a significant induction of the latter gene 6 h upon wounding. Findings of these experiments indicated that the tolerant genotype 'Elien' has low basal expression levels of RsPPO. This might be the first step towards the breeding of mite-tolerant genotypes.},
  articleno    = {227},
  author       = {Luypaert, Gil and Witters, Johan and Van Huylenbroeck, Johan and De Clercq, Patrick and De Riek, Jan and De Keyser, Ellen},
  issn         = {0014-2336},
  journal      = {EUPHYTICA},
  keyword      = {Jasmonic acid (JA),Methyl jasmonate (MeJA),Polyphagotarsonemus latus,Rhododendron simsii hybrids,RT-qPCR,RNA extraction quality,Salicylic acid (SA),LATUS ACARI TARSONEMIDAE,TIME RT-PCR,ACID CARBOXYL METHYLTRANSFERASE,LEAF POLYPHENOL OXIDASE,HOT BORATE METHOD,HIGH-QUALITY RNA,JASMONIC-ACID,BROAD MITE,POLYPHAGOTARSONEMUS-LATUS,ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {19},
  title        = {Induced expression of selected plant defence related genes in pot azalea, Rhododendron simsii hybrid},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10681-017-2010-5},
  volume       = {213},
  year         = {2017},
}

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