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Testing baryon-induced core formation in ΛCDM : a comparison of the DC14 and coreNFW dark matter halo models on galaxy rotation curves

Flor Allaert UGent, Gianfranco Gentile and Maarten Baes UGent (2017) ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. 605.
abstract
Recent cosmological hydrodynamical simulations suggest that baryonic processes, and in particular supernova feedback following bursts of star formation, can alter the structure of dark matter haloes and transform primordial cusps into shallower cores. To assess whether this mechanism offers a solution to the long-standing cusp-core controversy, simulated haloes must be compared to real dark matter haloes inferred from galaxy rotation curves. For this purpose, two new dark matter density profiles were recently derived from simulations of galaxies in complementary mass ranges: the DC14 halo (10(10) < M-halo/M circle dot < 8 x 10(11)) and the CORENFW halo (10(7) < M-halo/M circle dot < 10(9)). Both models have individually been found to give good fits to observed rotation curves. For the DC14 model, however, the agreement of the predicted halo properties with cosmological scaling relations was confirmed by one study, but strongly refuted by another. A next important question is whether, despite their different approaches, the two models converge to the same solution in the mass range where both should be appropriate. To investigate this, we tested the DC14 and CORENFW halo models on the rotation curves of a selection of galaxies with halo masses in the range 4 x 10(9) M circle dot - 7 x 10(10) M circle dot and compared their predictions. We further applied the DC14 model to a set of rotation curves at higher halo masses, up to 9 x 10(11) M circle dot, to verify the agreement with the cosmological scaling relations. Both models are generally able to reproduce the observed rotation curves, in line with earlier results, and the predicted dark matter haloes are consistent with the cosmological c - M-halo and M-* - M-halo relations. We find that the DC14 and CORENFW models are also in fairly good agreement with each other, even though DC14 tends to predict slightly less extended cores and somewhat more concentrated haloes than CORENFW. While the quality of the fits is generally similar for both halo models, DC14 does perform significantly better than CORENFW for three galaxies. In each of these cases, the problem for CORENFW is related to connection of the core size to the stellar half-mass radius, although we argue that it is justifiable to relax this connection for NGC3741. A larger core radius brings the CORENFW model for this galaxy in good agreement with the data and the DC14 model.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
alternative title
Testing baryon-induced core formation in Lambda CDM : a comparison of the DC14 and coreNFW dark matter halo models on galaxy rotation curves
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
galaxies: kinematics and dynamics, galaxies: halos, galaxies: evolution, dark matter, SURFACE BRIGHTNESS GALAXIES, DWARF GALAXIES, MASS-DISTRIBUTION, SPHERICAL GALAXIES, SPIRAL GALAXIES, GALACTIC HALOS, DISC GALAXIES, STELLAR MASS, CUSPS, PROFILES
journal title
ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
Astron. Astrophys.
volume
605
article number
A55
pages
17 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000412231200034
ISSN
1432-0746
DOI
10.1051/0004-6361/201730402
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8532108
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8532108
date created
2017-09-22 14:39:15
date last changed
2018-06-21 08:45:58
@article{8532108,
  abstract     = {Recent cosmological hydrodynamical simulations suggest that baryonic processes, and in particular supernova feedback following bursts of star formation, can alter the structure of dark matter haloes and transform primordial cusps into shallower cores. To assess whether this mechanism offers a solution to the long-standing cusp-core controversy, simulated haloes must be compared to real dark matter haloes inferred from galaxy rotation curves. For this purpose, two new dark matter density profiles were recently derived from simulations of galaxies in complementary mass ranges: the DC14 halo (10(10) {\textlangle} M-halo/M circle dot {\textlangle} 8 x 10(11)) and the CORENFW halo (10(7) {\textlangle} M-halo/M circle dot {\textlangle} 10(9)). Both models have individually been found to give good fits to observed rotation curves. For the DC14 model, however, the agreement of the predicted halo properties with cosmological scaling relations was confirmed by one study, but strongly refuted by another. A next important question is whether, despite their different approaches, the two models converge to the same solution in the mass range where both should be appropriate. To investigate this, we tested the DC14 and CORENFW halo models on the rotation curves of a selection of galaxies with halo masses in the range 4 x 10(9) M circle dot - 7 x 10(10) M circle dot and compared their predictions. We further applied the DC14 model to a set of rotation curves at higher halo masses, up to 9 x 10(11) M circle dot, to verify the agreement with the cosmological scaling relations. Both models are generally able to reproduce the observed rotation curves, in line with earlier results, and the predicted dark matter haloes are consistent with the cosmological c - M-halo and M-* - M-halo relations. We find that the DC14 and CORENFW models are also in fairly good agreement with each other, even though DC14 tends to predict slightly less extended cores and somewhat more concentrated haloes than CORENFW. While the quality of the fits is generally similar for both halo models, DC14 does perform significantly better than CORENFW for three galaxies. In each of these cases, the problem for CORENFW is related to connection of the core size to the stellar half-mass radius, although we argue that it is justifiable to relax this connection for NGC3741. A larger core radius brings the CORENFW model for this galaxy in good agreement with the data and the DC14 model.},
  articleno    = {A55},
  author       = {Allaert, Flor and Gentile, Gianfranco and Baes, Maarten},
  issn         = {1432-0746},
  journal      = {ASTRONOMY \& ASTROPHYSICS},
  keyword      = {galaxies: kinematics and dynamics,galaxies: halos,galaxies: evolution,dark matter,SURFACE BRIGHTNESS GALAXIES,DWARF GALAXIES,MASS-DISTRIBUTION,SPHERICAL GALAXIES,SPIRAL GALAXIES,GALACTIC HALOS,DISC GALAXIES,STELLAR MASS,CUSPS,PROFILES},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {17},
  title        = {Testing baryon-induced core formation in \ensuremath{\Lambda}CDM : a comparison of the DC14 and coreNFW dark matter halo models on galaxy rotation curves},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201730402},
  volume       = {605},
  year         = {2017},
}

Chicago
Allaert, Flor, Gianfranco Gentile, and Maarten Baes. 2017. “Testing Baryon-induced Core Formation in ΛCDM : a Comparison of the DC14 and coreNFW Dark Matter Halo Models on Galaxy Rotation Curves.” Astronomy & Astrophysics 605.
APA
Allaert, F., Gentile, G., & Baes, M. (2017). Testing baryon-induced core formation in ΛCDM : a comparison of the DC14 and coreNFW dark matter halo models on galaxy rotation curves. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 605.
Vancouver
1.
Allaert F, Gentile G, Baes M. Testing baryon-induced core formation in ΛCDM : a comparison of the DC14 and coreNFW dark matter halo models on galaxy rotation curves. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. 2017;605.
MLA
Allaert, Flor, Gianfranco Gentile, and Maarten Baes. “Testing Baryon-induced Core Formation in ΛCDM : a Comparison of the DC14 and coreNFW Dark Matter Halo Models on Galaxy Rotation Curves.” ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 605 (2017): n. pag. Print.