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Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context

(2017) ECOLOGY LETTERS. 20(11). p.1414-1426
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Abstract
The importance of biodiversity in supporting ecosystem functioning is generally well accepted. However, most evidence comes from small-scale studies, and scaling-up patterns of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (B-EF) remains challenging, in part because the importance of environmental factors in shaping B-EF relations is poorly understood. Using a forest research platform in which 26 ecosystem functions were measured along gradients of tree species richness in six regions across Europe, we investigated the extent and the potential drivers of context dependency of B-EF relations. Despite considerable variation in species richness effects across the continent, we found a tendency for stronger B-EF relations in drier climates as well as in areas with longer growing seasons and more functionally diverse tree species. The importance of water availability in driving context dependency suggests that as water limitation increases under climate change, biodiversity may become even more important to support high levels of functioning in European forests.
Keywords
Functional diversity, FunDivEUROPE, growing season length, multifunctionality, resource heterogeneity, species richness, water availability, TREE SPECIES-DIVERSITY, LITTER DECOMPOSITION, CROWN PLASTICITY, PRODUCTIVITY, MULTIFUNCTIONALITY, RESISTANCE, COMMUNITY, INCREASE, DROUGHT, STANDS

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Citation

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Chicago
Ratcliffe, Sophia, Christian Wirth, Tommaso Jucker, Fons van der Plas, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Kris Verheyen, Eric Allan, et al. 2017. “Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning Relations in European Forests Depend on Environmental Context.” Ecology Letters 20 (11): 1414–1426.
APA
Ratcliffe, S., Wirth, C., Jucker, T., van der Plas, F., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Verheyen, K., Allan, E., et al. (2017). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context. ECOLOGY LETTERS, 20(11), 1414–1426.
Vancouver
1.
Ratcliffe S, Wirth C, Jucker T, van der Plas F, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Verheyen K, et al. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context. ECOLOGY LETTERS. 2017;20(11):1414–26.
MLA
Ratcliffe, Sophia, Christian Wirth, Tommaso Jucker, et al. “Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning Relations in European Forests Depend on Environmental Context.” ECOLOGY LETTERS 20.11 (2017): 1414–1426. Print.
@article{8531783,
  abstract     = {The importance of biodiversity in supporting ecosystem functioning is generally well accepted. However, most evidence comes from small-scale studies, and scaling-up patterns of biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (B-EF) remains challenging, in part because the importance of environmental factors in shaping B-EF relations is poorly understood. Using a forest research platform in which 26 ecosystem functions were measured along gradients of tree species richness in six regions across Europe, we investigated the extent and the potential drivers of context dependency of B-EF relations. Despite considerable variation in species richness effects across the continent, we found a tendency for stronger B-EF relations in drier climates as well as in areas with longer growing seasons and more functionally diverse tree species. The importance of water availability in driving context dependency suggests that as water limitation increases under climate change, biodiversity may become even more important to support high levels of functioning in European forests.},
  author       = {Ratcliffe, Sophia and Wirth, Christian and Jucker, Tommaso and van der Plas, Fons and Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael and Verheyen, Kris and Allan, Eric and Benavides, Raquel and Bruelheide, Helge and Ohse, Bettina and Paquette, Alain and Ampoorter, Evy and Bastias, Cristina C and Bauhus, J{\"u}rgen and Bonal, Damien and Bouriaud, Olivier and Bussotti, Filippo and Carnol, Monique and Castagneyrol, Bastien and Che\'{c}ko, Ewa and Dawud, Seid Muhie and De Wandeler, Hans and Domisch, Timo and Fin{\'e}r, Leena and Fischer, Markus and Fotelli, Mariangela and Gessler, Arthur and Granier, Andr{\'e} and Grossiord, Charlotte and Guyot, Virginie and Haase, Josephine and H{\"a}ttenschwiler, Stephan and Jactel, Herv{\'e} and Jaroszewicz, Bogdan and Joly, Fran\c{c}ois-Xavier and Kambach, Stephan and Kolb, Simon and Koricheva, Julia and Liebersgesell, Mario and Milligan, Harriet and M{\"u}ller, Sandra and Muys, Bart and Nguyen, Diem and Nock, Charles and Pollastrini, Martina and Purschke, Oliver and Radoglou, Kalliopi and Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten and Roger, Fabian and Ruiz-Benito, Paloma and Seidl, Rupert and Selvi, Federico and Seiferling, Ian and Stenlid, Jan and Valladares, Fernando and Vesterdal, Lars and Baeten, Lander},
  issn         = {1461-023X},
  journal      = {ECOLOGY LETTERS},
  keyword      = {Functional diversity,FunDivEUROPE,growing season length,multifunctionality,resource heterogeneity,species richness,water availability,TREE SPECIES-DIVERSITY,LITTER DECOMPOSITION,CROWN PLASTICITY,PRODUCTIVITY,MULTIFUNCTIONALITY,RESISTANCE,COMMUNITY,INCREASE,DROUGHT,STANDS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1414--1426},
  title        = {Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relations in European forests depend on environmental context},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.12849},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2017},
}

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