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Magnitude and spatial distribution of impact intensity under the foot relates to initial foot contact pattern

Bastiaan Breine UGent, Philippe Malcolm UGent, Veerle Segers, Joeri Gerlo UGent, Rud Derie UGent, Todd Pataky, Edward C Frederick and Dirk De Clercq UGent (2017) JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS. 33(6). p.431-436
abstract
In running, foot contact patterns (rear-, mid- or forefoot contact) influence impact intensity and initial ankle and foot kinematics. The aim of the study was to compare impact intensity and its spatial distribution under the foot between different foot contact patterns. Forty-nine subjects ran at 3.2 m·s-1 over a level runway while ground reaction forces (GRF) and shoe-surface pressures were recorded and foot contact pattern was determined. A four-zone footmask (forefoot, midfoot, medial and lateral rearfoot) assessed the spatial distribution of the vertical GRF under the foot. We calculated peak vertical instantaneous loading rate of the GRF (VILR) per foot zone as the impact intensity measure. Midfoot contact patterns were shown to have the lowest and Atypical rearfoot contact patterns the highest impact intensities, respectively. The greatest local impact intensity was mainly situated under the rear- and midfoot for the Typical rearfoot contact patterns, under the midfoot for the Atypical rearfoot contact patterns and under the mid- and forefoot for the midfoot contact patterns. These findings indicate that different foot contact patterns could benefit from cushioning in different shoe zones.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
running, footwear, impact, force, foot strike, plantar pressure, GROUND REACTION FORCE, STRIKE PATTERNS, FEMALE RUNNERS, SHOD RUNNERS, REARFOOT, MIDFOOT
journal title
JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS
J. Appl. Biomech.
volume
33
issue
6
pages
431 - 436
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000426333500006
ISSN
1065-8483
1543-2688
DOI
10.1123/jab.2016-0206
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8531234
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8531234
date created
2017-09-15 07:47:37
date last changed
2018-03-15 11:26:16
@article{8531234,
  abstract     = {In running, foot contact patterns (rear-, mid- or forefoot contact) influence impact intensity and initial ankle and foot kinematics. The aim of the study was to compare impact intensity and its spatial distribution under the foot between different foot contact patterns. Forty-nine subjects ran at 3.2 m{\textperiodcentered}s-1 over a level runway while ground reaction forces (GRF) and shoe-surface pressures were recorded and foot contact pattern was determined. A four-zone footmask (forefoot, midfoot, medial and lateral rearfoot) assessed the spatial distribution of the vertical GRF under the foot. We calculated peak vertical instantaneous loading rate of the GRF (VILR) per foot zone as the impact intensity measure. Midfoot contact patterns were shown to have the lowest and Atypical rearfoot contact patterns the highest impact intensities, respectively. The greatest local impact intensity was mainly situated under the rear- and midfoot for the Typical rearfoot contact patterns, under the midfoot for the Atypical rearfoot contact patterns and under the mid- and forefoot for the midfoot contact patterns. These findings indicate that different foot contact patterns could benefit from cushioning in different shoe zones.},
  author       = {Breine, Bastiaan and Malcolm, Philippe and Segers, Veerle and Gerlo, Joeri and Derie, Rud and Pataky, Todd and Frederick, Edward C and De Clercq, Dirk},
  issn         = {1065-8483},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS},
  keyword      = {running,footwear,impact,force,foot strike,plantar pressure,GROUND REACTION FORCE,STRIKE PATTERNS,FEMALE RUNNERS,SHOD RUNNERS,REARFOOT,MIDFOOT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {431--436},
  title        = {Magnitude and spatial distribution of impact intensity under the foot relates to initial foot contact pattern},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jab.2016-0206},
  volume       = {33},
  year         = {2017},
}

Chicago
Breine, Bastiaan, Philippe Malcolm, Veerle Segers, Joeri Gerlo, Rud Derie, Todd Pataky, Edward C Frederick, and Dirk De Clercq. 2017. “Magnitude and Spatial Distribution of Impact Intensity Under the Foot Relates to Initial Foot Contact Pattern.” Journal of Applied Biomechanics 33 (6): 431–436.
APA
Breine, B., Malcolm, P., Segers, V., Gerlo, J., Derie, R., Pataky, T., Frederick, E. C., et al. (2017). Magnitude and spatial distribution of impact intensity under the foot relates to initial foot contact pattern. JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS, 33(6), 431–436.
Vancouver
1.
Breine B, Malcolm P, Segers V, Gerlo J, Derie R, Pataky T, et al. Magnitude and spatial distribution of impact intensity under the foot relates to initial foot contact pattern. JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS. 2017;33(6):431–6.
MLA
Breine, Bastiaan, Philippe Malcolm, Veerle Segers, et al. “Magnitude and Spatial Distribution of Impact Intensity Under the Foot Relates to Initial Foot Contact Pattern.” JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS 33.6 (2017): 431–436. Print.