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Distribution, ecology, and conservation of the critically endangered frog Psychrophrynella illimani (Anura: Craugastoridae) with the description of its call

(2016) SALAMANDRA. 52(4). p.317-327
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Abstract
Amphibian populations have been declining worldwide for decades with a multitude of causes having been identified. Conservationists try to reverse the situation, but for many species, important information on distribution, habitat and ecology are missing, which makes the assessment of conservation priorities problematic. Although South America holds the largest number of extant amphibian species in the world, many of them are poorly studied. This is also the case for most species of Psychrophrynella, a genus of cold-adapted frogs occurring in the high Andes, the majority of which having only recently been described. We organized an extensive field survey to study the ecology of Psychrophrynella illimani, a critically endangered species endemic to a single valley in Bolivia that has not been reported on again since its discovery in 2002. We found P. illimani to be locally common and here report new localities, extending its known distribution. Furthermore, we provide new information on its morphology, ecology, and reproductive behaviour and describe for the first time its call. We also identify and discuss several threats that might affect this species' survival.
Keywords
Amphibia, Anura, Andes, Bolivia, endemism, grazing, mining, TIME TAQMAN PCR, BATRACHOCHYTRIUM-DENDROBATIDIS, AMPHIBIAN DIVERSITY, CATTLE, BOLIVIA, REAL, CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS, TEMPERATURE, HABITAT, CLIMATE

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MLA
Willaert, Bert, et al. “Distribution, Ecology, and Conservation of the Critically Endangered Frog Psychrophrynella Illimani (Anura: Craugastoridae) with the Description of Its Call.” SALAMANDRA, edited by Jörn Köhler, vol. 52, no. 4, 2016, pp. 317–27.
APA
Willaert, B., Reichle, S., Stegen, G., Martel, A., Barrón Lavayen, S., Sánchez de Lozada Bianco, N., … Muñoz Saravia, A. (2016). Distribution, ecology, and conservation of the critically endangered frog Psychrophrynella illimani (Anura: Craugastoridae) with the description of its call. SALAMANDRA, 52(4), 317–327.
Chicago author-date
Willaert, Bert, Steffen Reichle, Gwij Stegen, An Martel, Sophia Barrón Lavayen, Natalia Sánchez de Lozada Bianco, Norman Alastor Greenhawk, Gabriela Agostini, and Arturo Muñoz Saravia. 2016. “Distribution, Ecology, and Conservation of the Critically Endangered Frog Psychrophrynella Illimani (Anura: Craugastoridae) with the Description of Its Call.” Edited by Jörn Köhler. SALAMANDRA 52 (4): 317–27.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Willaert, Bert, Steffen Reichle, Gwij Stegen, An Martel, Sophia Barrón Lavayen, Natalia Sánchez de Lozada Bianco, Norman Alastor Greenhawk, Gabriela Agostini, and Arturo Muñoz Saravia. 2016. “Distribution, Ecology, and Conservation of the Critically Endangered Frog Psychrophrynella Illimani (Anura: Craugastoridae) with the Description of Its Call.” Ed by. Jörn Köhler. SALAMANDRA 52 (4): 317–327.
Vancouver
1.
Willaert B, Reichle S, Stegen G, Martel A, Barrón Lavayen S, Sánchez de Lozada Bianco N, et al. Distribution, ecology, and conservation of the critically endangered frog Psychrophrynella illimani (Anura: Craugastoridae) with the description of its call. Köhler J, editor. SALAMANDRA. 2016;52(4):317–27.
IEEE
[1]
B. Willaert et al., “Distribution, ecology, and conservation of the critically endangered frog Psychrophrynella illimani (Anura: Craugastoridae) with the description of its call,” SALAMANDRA, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 317–327, 2016.
@article{8530390,
  abstract     = {{Amphibian populations have been declining worldwide for decades with a multitude of causes having been identified. Conservationists try to reverse the situation, but for many species, important information on distribution, habitat and ecology are missing, which makes the assessment of conservation priorities problematic. Although South America holds the largest number of extant amphibian species in the world, many of them are poorly studied. This is also the case for most species of Psychrophrynella, a genus of cold-adapted frogs occurring in the high Andes, the majority of which having only recently been described. We organized an extensive field survey to study the ecology of Psychrophrynella illimani, a critically endangered species endemic to a single valley in Bolivia that has not been reported on again since its discovery in 2002. We found P. illimani to be locally common and here report new localities, extending its known distribution. Furthermore, we provide new information on its morphology, ecology, and reproductive behaviour and describe for the first time its call. We also identify and discuss several threats that might affect this species' survival.}},
  author       = {{Willaert, Bert and Reichle, Steffen and Stegen, Gwij and Martel, An and Barrón Lavayen, Sophia and Sánchez de Lozada Bianco, Natalia and Greenhawk, Norman Alastor and Agostini, Gabriela and Muñoz Saravia, Arturo}},
  editor       = {{Köhler, Jörn}},
  issn         = {{0036-3375}},
  journal      = {{SALAMANDRA}},
  keywords     = {{Amphibia,Anura,Andes,Bolivia,endemism,grazing,mining,TIME TAQMAN PCR,BATRACHOCHYTRIUM-DENDROBATIDIS,AMPHIBIAN DIVERSITY,CATTLE,BOLIVIA,REAL,CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS,TEMPERATURE,HABITAT,CLIMATE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{317--327}},
  title        = {{Distribution, ecology, and conservation of the critically endangered frog Psychrophrynella illimani (Anura: Craugastoridae) with the description of its call}},
  volume       = {{52}},
  year         = {{2016}},
}

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