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From design for one to open-ended design : experiments on understanding how to open-up contextual design solutions

Francesca Ostuzzi (UGent) , Lieven De Couvreur (UGent) , Jan Detand (UGent) and Jelle Saldien (UGent)
(2017) DESIGN JOURNAL. 20(Supplement 1). p.3873-3883
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Abstract
Online platforms (i.e. Instructables) often provide design solutions developed locally for one specific person's needs. The goal of the research is to understand how existing specific projects, created to be for one person, can be translated into open design solutions that facilitate spontaneous re-appropriation in a variety of new contexts. By observing and interviewing 36 teams of students within a living lab project where occupational therapists and designers co-design personal assistive devices with and for disabled clients, we explored how the relevant design information can be meaningfully reorganized to create open design. We focused on the designers' choices of concrete attributes with a high impact on the end-result. We suggest a model wherein these attributes are listed and categorized as: Undefined, Defined-Fixed, Contextual, balancing openness and over-design. The research led to a new definition that distinguishes "Open-ended Design" from "Open Design".
Keywords
Open Design, Open-ended Design, Re-appropriation, Imperfection, Product Design

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MLA
Ostuzzi, Francesca, et al. “From Design for One to Open-Ended Design : Experiments on Understanding How to Open-up Contextual Design Solutions.” DESIGN JOURNAL, vol. 20, no. Supplement 1, 2017, pp. 3873–83, doi:10.1080/14606925.2017.1352890.
APA
Ostuzzi, F., De Couvreur, L., Detand, J., & Saldien, J. (2017). From design for one to open-ended design : experiments on understanding how to open-up contextual design solutions. DESIGN JOURNAL, 20(Supplement 1), 3873–3883. https://doi.org/10.1080/14606925.2017.1352890
Chicago author-date
Ostuzzi, Francesca, Lieven De Couvreur, Jan Detand, and Jelle Saldien. 2017. “From Design for One to Open-Ended Design : Experiments on Understanding How to Open-up Contextual Design Solutions.” DESIGN JOURNAL 20 (Supplement 1): 3873–83. https://doi.org/10.1080/14606925.2017.1352890.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Ostuzzi, Francesca, Lieven De Couvreur, Jan Detand, and Jelle Saldien. 2017. “From Design for One to Open-Ended Design : Experiments on Understanding How to Open-up Contextual Design Solutions.” DESIGN JOURNAL 20 (Supplement 1): 3873–3883. doi:10.1080/14606925.2017.1352890.
Vancouver
1.
Ostuzzi F, De Couvreur L, Detand J, Saldien J. From design for one to open-ended design : experiments on understanding how to open-up contextual design solutions. DESIGN JOURNAL. 2017;20(Supplement 1):3873–83.
IEEE
[1]
F. Ostuzzi, L. De Couvreur, J. Detand, and J. Saldien, “From design for one to open-ended design : experiments on understanding how to open-up contextual design solutions,” DESIGN JOURNAL, vol. 20, no. Supplement 1, pp. 3873–3883, 2017.
@article{8530384,
  abstract     = {{Online platforms (i.e. Instructables) often provide design solutions developed locally for one specific person's needs. The goal of the research is to understand how existing specific projects, created to be for one person, can be translated into open design solutions that facilitate spontaneous re-appropriation in a variety of new contexts. By observing and interviewing 36 teams of students within a living lab project where occupational therapists and designers co-design personal assistive devices with and for disabled clients, we explored how the relevant design information can be meaningfully reorganized to create open design. We focused on the designers' choices of concrete attributes with a high impact on the end-result. We suggest a model wherein these attributes are listed and categorized as: Undefined, Defined-Fixed, Contextual, balancing openness and over-design. The research led to a new definition that distinguishes "Open-ended Design" from "Open Design".}},
  author       = {{Ostuzzi, Francesca and De Couvreur, Lieven and Detand, Jan and Saldien, Jelle}},
  issn         = {{1460-6925}},
  journal      = {{DESIGN JOURNAL}},
  keywords     = {{Open Design,Open-ended Design,Re-appropriation,Imperfection,Product Design}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  location     = {{Rome, Italy}},
  number       = {{Supplement 1}},
  pages        = {{3873--3883}},
  title        = {{From design for one to open-ended design : experiments on understanding how to open-up contextual design solutions}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14606925.2017.1352890}},
  volume       = {{20}},
  year         = {{2017}},
}

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