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Test methods for resistance of concrete to sulfate attack : a critical review

Kim Van Tittelboom UGent, Nele De Belie UGent and Doug R. Hooton (2013) Performance of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments. In State-of-the-Art-Report RILEM TC211-PAE p.251-288
abstract
Sulfate attack comprises a series of chemical reactions between sulfate ions and the components of hardened concrete. As these reactions may lead to cracking, spalling or strength loss of concrete structures, appropriate test methods are needed to determine the resistance of concrete under sulfate expoures. Accelerated test methods are most suitable since sulfate attack is typically a long term process. The current ASTM C1012 (2004) test method accelerates the attack mechanism by using a solution with a high sulfate concentration in which mortar specimens are immersed. The SVA procedure uses smaller specimens to obtain results earlier. In the Wittekindt method not only smaller specimens are used but also the w/c-ratio is increased. However,tese test still require several months. Test methods such as ASTM C452 (2006) and the Chatelier-anstett test use a mixture of cement and gypsum. Since in this case the sulfate source is located internally, no more time is needed for sulfate ingress. With these test methods results are obtained after 2 weeks, but the attack mechanism no longer represents field conditions in a realistic way.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
bookChapter
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Sulfate, Ettringite, thaumasite, salt crystallization, delayed ettringite formation, standard methods, degradation measurements, expansion
book title
Performance of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments
editor
Mark Alexander, Alexandra Bertron and Nele De Belie UGent
series title
State-of-the-Art-Report RILEM TC211-PAE
pages
462 pages
publisher
Springer
ISBN
978-94-007-5412-6
978-94-007-5413-3
DOI
10.1007/978-94-007-5413-3
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
B2
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8530277
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8530277
date created
2017-09-05 09:36:04
date last changed
2017-09-08 07:18:56
@incollection{8530277,
  abstract     = {Sulfate attack comprises a series of chemical reactions between sulfate ions and the components of hardened concrete. As these reactions may lead to cracking, spalling or strength loss of concrete structures, appropriate test methods are needed to determine the resistance of concrete under sulfate expoures. Accelerated test methods are most suitable since sulfate attack is typically a long term process. The current ASTM C1012 (2004) test method accelerates the attack mechanism by using a solution with a high sulfate concentration in which mortar specimens are immersed. The SVA procedure uses smaller specimens to obtain results earlier. In the Wittekindt method not only smaller specimens are used but also the w/c-ratio is increased. However,tese test still require several months. Test methods such as ASTM C452 (2006) and the Chatelier-anstett test use a mixture of cement and gypsum. Since in this case the sulfate source is located internally, no more time is needed for sulfate ingress. With these test methods results are obtained after 2 weeks, but the attack mechanism no longer represents field conditions in a realistic way.},
  author       = {Van Tittelboom, Kim and De Belie, Nele and Hooton, Doug R.},
  booktitle    = {Performance of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments},
  editor       = {Alexander, Mark and Bertron, Alexandra and De Belie, Nele},
  isbn         = {978-94-007-5412-6},
  keyword      = {Sulfate,Ettringite,thaumasite,salt crystallization,delayed ettringite formation,standard methods,degradation measurements,expansion},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {251--288},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {State-of-the-Art-Report RILEM TC211-PAE},
  title        = {Test methods for resistance of concrete to sulfate attack : a critical review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-5413-3},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Van Tittelboom, Kim, Nele De Belie, and Doug R. Hooton. 2013. “Test Methods for Resistance of Concrete to Sulfate Attack : a Critical Review.” In Performance of Cement-based Materials in Aggressive Aqueous Environments, ed. Mark Alexander, Alexandra Bertron, and Nele De Belie, 251–288. Springer.
APA
Van Tittelboom, K., De Belie, N., & Hooton, D. R. (2013). Test methods for resistance of concrete to sulfate attack : a critical review. In Mark Alexander, A. Bertron, & N. De Belie (Eds.), Performance of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments (pp. 251–288). Springer.
Vancouver
1.
Van Tittelboom K, De Belie N, Hooton DR. Test methods for resistance of concrete to sulfate attack : a critical review. In: Alexander M, Bertron A, De Belie N, editors. Performance of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments. Springer; 2013. p. 251–88.
MLA
Van Tittelboom, Kim, Nele De Belie, and Doug R. Hooton. “Test Methods for Resistance of Concrete to Sulfate Attack : a Critical Review.” Performance of Cement-based Materials in Aggressive Aqueous Environments. Ed. Mark Alexander, Alexandra Bertron, & Nele De Belie. Springer, 2013. 251–288. Print.