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Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review : Western Europe

Minerva Laranjo-Gonzalez, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Chiara Trevisan, Alberto Allepuz, Smaragda Sotiraki, Annette Abraham, Mariana Boaventura Afonso, Joachim Blocher, Luis Cardoso, Jose Manuel Correia da Costa, et al. (2017) PARASITES & VECTORS. 10.
abstract
Background: Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are zoonotic parasites of public health importance. Data on their occurrence in humans and animals in western Europe are incomplete and fragmented. In this study, we aimed to update the current knowledge on the epidemiology of these parasites in this region. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of scientific and grey literature published from 1990 to 2015 on the epidemiology of T. saginata and T. solium in humans and animals. Additionally, data about disease occurrence were actively sought by contacting local experts in the different countries. Results: Taeniosis cases were found in twelve out of eighteen countries in western Europe. No cases were identified in Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. For Denmark, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and the UK, annual taeniosis cases were reported and the number of detected cases per year ranged between 1 and 114. Detected prevalences ranged from 0.05 to 0.27%, whereas estimated prevalences ranged from 0.02 to 0.67%. Most taeniosis cases were reported as Taenia spp. or T. saginata, although T. solium was reported in Denmark, France, Italy, Spain, Slovenia, Portugal and the UK. Human cysticercosis cases were reported in all western European countries except for Iceland, with the highest number originating from Portugal and Spain. Most human cysticercosis cases were suspected to have acquired the infection outside western Europe. Cases of T. solium in pigs were found in Austria and Portugal, but only the two cases from Portugal were confirmed with molecular methods. Germany, Spain and Slovenia reported porcine cysticercosis, but made no Taenia species distinction. Bovine cysticercosis was detected in all countries except for Iceland, with a prevalence based on meat inspection of 0.0002-7.82%. Conclusions: Detection and reporting of taeniosis in western Europe should be improved. The existence of T. solium tapeworm carriers, of suspected autochthonous cases of human cysticercosis and the lack of confirmation of porcine cysticercosis cases deserve further attention. Suspected cases of T. solium in pigs should be confirmed by molecular methods. Both taeniosis and human cysticercosis should be notifiable and surveillance in animals should be improved.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Taenia solium, Taenia saginata, Taeniasis, Neurocysticercosis, Porcine cysticercosis, Bovine cysticercosis, TAENIA-SAGINATA CYSTICERCOSIS, BOVINE CYSTICERCOSIS, MEAT INSPECTION, NEUROCYSTICERCOSIS, INFECTION, DISEASE, FIGATELLU, IMPACT, CATTLE
journal title
PARASITES & VECTORS
Parasites Vectors
volume
10
article number
349
pages
14 pages
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000407049900002
ISSN
1756-3305
DOI
10.1186/s13071-017-2280-8
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0)
id
8529846
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8529846
date created
2017-08-30 07:13:52
date last changed
2017-10-12 09:54:18
@article{8529846,
  abstract     = {Background: Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are zoonotic parasites of public health importance. Data on their occurrence in humans and animals in western Europe are incomplete and fragmented. In this study, we aimed to update the current knowledge on the epidemiology of these parasites in this region. 
Methods: We conducted a systematic review of scientific and grey literature published from 1990 to 2015 on the epidemiology of T. saginata and T. solium in humans and animals. Additionally, data about disease occurrence were actively sought by contacting local experts in the different countries. 
Results: Taeniosis cases were found in twelve out of eighteen countries in western Europe. No cases were identified in Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. For Denmark, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain and the UK, annual taeniosis cases were reported and the number of detected cases per year ranged between 1 and 114. Detected prevalences ranged from 0.05 to 0.27\%, whereas estimated prevalences ranged from 0.02 to 0.67\%. Most taeniosis cases were reported as Taenia spp. or T. saginata, although T. solium was reported in Denmark, France, Italy, Spain, Slovenia, Portugal and the UK. Human cysticercosis cases were reported in all western European countries except for Iceland, with the highest number originating from Portugal and Spain. Most human cysticercosis cases were suspected to have acquired the infection outside western Europe. Cases of T. solium in pigs were found in Austria and Portugal, but only the two cases from Portugal were confirmed with molecular methods. Germany, Spain and Slovenia reported porcine cysticercosis, but made no Taenia species distinction. Bovine cysticercosis was detected in all countries except for Iceland, with a prevalence based on meat inspection of 0.0002-7.82\%. 
Conclusions: Detection and reporting of taeniosis in western Europe should be improved. The existence of T. solium tapeworm carriers, of suspected autochthonous cases of human cysticercosis and the lack of confirmation of porcine cysticercosis cases deserve further attention. Suspected cases of T. solium in pigs should be confirmed by molecular methods. Both taeniosis and human cysticercosis should be notifiable and surveillance in animals should be improved.},
  articleno    = {349},
  author       = {Laranjo-Gonzalez, Minerva and Devleesschauwer, Brecht and Trevisan, Chiara and Allepuz, Alberto and Sotiraki, Smaragda and Abraham, Annette and Afonso, Mariana Boaventura and Blocher, Joachim and Cardoso, Luis and Correia da Costa, Jose Manuel and Dorny, Pierre and Gabri{\"e}l, Sarah and Gomes, Jacinto and Gomez-Morales, Maria Angeles and Jokelainen, Pikka and Kaminski, Miriam and Krt, Brane and Magnussen, Pascal and Robertson, Lucy J and Schmidt, Veronika and Schmutzhard, Erich and Smit, G Suzanne A and Soba, Barbara and Stensvold, Christen Rune and Staric, Joze and Troell, Karin and Rataj, Aleksandra Vergles and Vieira-Pinto, Madalena and Vilhena, Manuela and Wardrop, Nicola Ann and Winkler, Andrea S and Dermauw, Veronique},
  issn         = {1756-3305},
  journal      = {PARASITES \& VECTORS},
  keyword      = {Taenia solium,Taenia saginata,Taeniasis,Neurocysticercosis,Porcine cysticercosis,Bovine cysticercosis,TAENIA-SAGINATA CYSTICERCOSIS,BOVINE CYSTICERCOSIS,MEAT INSPECTION,NEUROCYSTICERCOSIS,INFECTION,DISEASE,FIGATELLU,IMPACT,CATTLE},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {14},
  title        = {Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review : Western Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2280-8},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2017},
}

Chicago
Laranjo-Gonzalez, Minerva, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Chiara Trevisan, Alberto Allepuz, Smaragda Sotiraki, Annette Abraham, Mariana Boaventura Afonso, et al. 2017. “Epidemiology of Taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a Systematic Review : Western Europe.” Parasites & Vectors 10.
APA
Laranjo-Gonzalez, M., Devleesschauwer, B., Trevisan, C., Allepuz, A., Sotiraki, S., Abraham, A., Afonso, M. B., et al. (2017). Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review : Western Europe. PARASITES & VECTORS, 10.
Vancouver
1.
Laranjo-Gonzalez M, Devleesschauwer B, Trevisan C, Allepuz A, Sotiraki S, Abraham A, et al. Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review : Western Europe. PARASITES & VECTORS. 2017;10.
MLA
Laranjo-Gonzalez, Minerva, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Chiara Trevisan, et al. “Epidemiology of Taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a Systematic Review : Western Europe.” PARASITES & VECTORS 10 (2017): n. pag. Print.