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Emerging trends in the diagnosis of human African trypanosomiasis

(2010) PARASITOLOGY. 137(14). p.1977-1986
Author
Organization
Abstract
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) or sleeping sickness is caused by protozoan parasites Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and T. b. rhodesiense. Despite the enormous technological progress in molecular parasitology in recent years, the diagnosis of HAT is still problematic due to the lack of specific tools. To date, there are two realities when it comes to HAT; the first one being the world of modern experimental laboratories, equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technology, and the second being the world of HAT diagnosis, where the latest semi-commercial test was introduced 30 years ago (Magnus et al. 1978). Hence, it appears that the lack of progress in HAT diagnosis is not primarily due to a lack of scientific interest or a lack of research funds, but mainly results from the many obstacles encountered in the translation of basic research into field-applicable diagnostics. This review will provide an overview of current diagnostic methods and highlight specific difficulties in solving the shortcomings of these methods. Future perspectives for accurate, robust, affordable diagnostics will be discussed as well.
Keywords
Trypanosomiais, diagnosis, HAT, MEDIATED ISOTHERMAL AMPLIFICATION, INVARIANT SURFACE GLYCOPROTEINS, GAMBIENSE SLEEPING SICKNESS, NERVOUS-SYSTEM INVOLVEMENT, CARD-AGGLUTINATION-TEST, STABLE RNA APTAMERS, BLOOD-STREAM STAGE, BRUCEI-GAMBIENSE, CEREBROSPINAL-FLUID, CENTRIFUGATION TECHNIQUE

Citation

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Chicago
Radwanska, Magdalena. 2010. “Emerging Trends in the Diagnosis of Human African Trypanosomiasis.” Parasitology 137 (14): 1977–1986.
APA
Radwanska, M. (2010). Emerging trends in the diagnosis of human African trypanosomiasis. PARASITOLOGY, 137(14), 1977–1986.
Vancouver
1.
Radwanska M. Emerging trends in the diagnosis of human African trypanosomiasis. PARASITOLOGY. 2010;137(14):1977–86.
MLA
Radwanska, Magdalena. “Emerging Trends in the Diagnosis of Human African Trypanosomiasis.” PARASITOLOGY 137.14 (2010): 1977–1986. Print.
@article{8528984,
  abstract     = {Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) or sleeping sickness is caused by protozoan parasites Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and T. b. rhodesiense. Despite the enormous technological progress in molecular parasitology in recent years, the diagnosis of HAT is still problematic due to the lack of specific tools. To date, there are two realities when it comes to HAT; the first one being the world of modern experimental laboratories, equipped with the latest state-of-the-art technology, and the second being the world of HAT diagnosis, where the latest semi-commercial test was introduced 30 years ago (Magnus et al. 1978). Hence, it appears that the lack of progress in HAT diagnosis is not primarily due to a lack of scientific interest or a lack of research funds, but mainly results from the many obstacles encountered in the translation of basic research into field-applicable diagnostics. This review will provide an overview of current diagnostic methods and highlight specific difficulties in solving the shortcomings of these methods. Future perspectives for accurate, robust, affordable diagnostics will be discussed as well.},
  author       = {Radwanska, Magdalena},
  issn         = {0031-1820},
  journal      = {PARASITOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {14},
  pages        = {1977--1986},
  title        = {Emerging trends in the diagnosis of human African trypanosomiasis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0031182010000211},
  volume       = {137},
  year         = {2010},
}

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