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Using a co-creational approach to develop, implement and evaluate an intervention to promote physical activity in adolescent girls from vocational and technical schools : a case control study

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Abstract
Background: As physical inactivity is particularly prevalent amongst lower-educated adolescent girls, interventions are needed. Using a co-creational approach increases their engagement and might be effective. This study aimed to: (1) describe the co-creation process, (2) evaluate how girls experienced co-creation, and (3) evaluate the effect of the co-creational interventions on physical activity, individual, sociocultural and school-based factors. Methods: Three intervention schools (n = 91) and three control schools (n = 105) across Flanders participated. A questionnaire was completed pre (September-October 2014) and post (April-May 2015). In between, sessions with a co-creation group were organised to develop and implement the intervention in each intervention school. Focus groups were conducted to evaluate the co-creational process. Results: School 1 organised sport sessions for girls, school 2 organised a fitness activity and set up a Facebook page, school 3 organised a lunch walk. Girls were positive about having a voice in developing an intervention. No significant effects were found, except for small effects on extracurricular sports participation and self-efficacy. Conclusions: Using a co-creational approach amongst adolescent girls might be a feasible approach. However, as interventions were minimal, effects were limited or undetectable. Future co-creation projects could consider the most optimal co-creation process, evaluation design and intensively test this approach.
Keywords
physical activity & health, female, participatory, sports participation, intervention, school, PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH, PUBLIC-HEALTH, COMMUNITY, BEHAVIORS, CHILDREN, MODERATE, PROJECT, OBESITY, TRIAL, BOYS

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MLA
Verloigne, Maïté et al. “Using a Co-creational Approach to Develop, Implement and Evaluate an Intervention to Promote Physical Activity in Adolescent Girls from Vocational and Technical Schools : a Case Control Study.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 14.8 (2017): n. pag. Print.
APA
Verloigne, M., Altenburg, T. M., Chinapaw, M. J. M., Chastin, S., Cardon, G., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2017). Using a co-creational approach to develop, implement and evaluate an intervention to promote physical activity in adolescent girls from vocational and technical schools : a case control study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 14(8).
Chicago author-date
Verloigne, Maïté, Teatske Maria Altenburg, Mai Jeanette Maidy Chinapaw, Sebastien Chastin, Greet Cardon, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. 2017. “Using a Co-creational Approach to Develop, Implement and Evaluate an Intervention to Promote Physical Activity in Adolescent Girls from Vocational and Technical Schools : a Case Control Study.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (8).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Verloigne, Maïté, Teatske Maria Altenburg, Mai Jeanette Maidy Chinapaw, Sebastien Chastin, Greet Cardon, and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij. 2017. “Using a Co-creational Approach to Develop, Implement and Evaluate an Intervention to Promote Physical Activity in Adolescent Girls from Vocational and Technical Schools : a Case Control Study.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14 (8).
Vancouver
1.
Verloigne M, Altenburg TM, Chinapaw MJM, Chastin S, Cardon G, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Using a co-creational approach to develop, implement and evaluate an intervention to promote physical activity in adolescent girls from vocational and technical schools : a case control study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2017;14(8).
IEEE
[1]
M. Verloigne, T. M. Altenburg, M. J. M. Chinapaw, S. Chastin, G. Cardon, and I. De Bourdeaudhuij, “Using a co-creational approach to develop, implement and evaluate an intervention to promote physical activity in adolescent girls from vocational and technical schools : a case control study,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 14, no. 8, 2017.
@article{8528304,
  abstract     = {Background: As physical inactivity is particularly prevalent amongst lower-educated adolescent girls, interventions are needed. Using a co-creational approach increases their engagement and might be effective. This study aimed to: (1) describe the co-creation process, (2) evaluate how girls experienced co-creation, and (3) evaluate the effect of the co-creational interventions on physical activity, individual, sociocultural and school-based factors.
Methods: Three intervention schools (n = 91) and three control schools (n = 105) across Flanders participated. A questionnaire was completed pre (September-October 2014) and post (April-May 2015). In between, sessions with a co-creation group were organised to develop and implement the intervention in each intervention school. Focus groups were conducted to evaluate the co-creational process.
Results: School 1 organised sport sessions for girls, school 2 organised a fitness activity and set up a Facebook page, school 3 organised a lunch walk. Girls were positive about having a voice in developing an intervention. No significant effects were found, except for small effects on extracurricular sports participation and self-efficacy.
Conclusions: Using a co-creational approach amongst adolescent girls might be a feasible approach. However, as interventions were minimal, effects were limited or undetectable. Future co-creation projects could consider the most optimal co-creation process, evaluation design and intensively test this approach.},
  articleno    = {862},
  author       = {Verloigne, Maïté and Altenburg, Teatske Maria and Chinapaw, Mai Jeanette Maidy and Chastin, Sebastien and Cardon, Greet and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse},
  issn         = {1660-4601},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keywords     = {physical activity & health,female,participatory,sports participation,intervention,school,PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH,PUBLIC-HEALTH,COMMUNITY,BEHAVIORS,CHILDREN,MODERATE,PROJECT,OBESITY,TRIAL,BOYS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {19},
  title        = {Using a co-creational approach to develop, implement and evaluate an intervention to promote physical activity in adolescent girls from vocational and technical schools : a case control study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14080862},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2017},
}

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