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Abstract
Belgium is a country with a highly complex political structure related to three different language communities. This results in segmented authority along communities’ dividing lines for several aspects of the political and regulatory framework. The media are part of the political level related to the cultural sphere, and thus media regulation and media accountability are at sub-national political levels. As a result, there is essentially no ‘Belgian’ media regulation, but rather two distinct, and sometimes signifcantly different, regulation systems. The media depend on different professional accountability instruments as ethical codes for journalism, and councils for journalistic issues, although their power can be different north and south of the language border. The efforts of the individual media to safeguard accountability can be seen in both parts of the country but they are largely related to the individual decisions of the media brands. Some media have letters to the editor as strong features, some media have an ombudsperson and some editors-in-chief establish a personal dialogue with their public on specifc case-related issues or on a more regular basis.
Keywords
Belgium, media accountability

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Citation

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MLA
Raeymaeckers, Karin, and François Heinderyckx. “Belgium : Divided along Language Lines.” The European Handbook of Media Accountability, edited by Tobias Eberwein et al., Routledge, 2017, pp. 14–23.
APA
Raeymaeckers, K., & Heinderyckx, F. (2017). Belgium : divided along language lines. In T. Eberwein, S. Fengler, & M. Karmasin (Eds.), The European handbook of media accountability (pp. 14–23). New York: Routledge.
Chicago author-date
Raeymaeckers, Karin, and François Heinderyckx. 2017. “Belgium : Divided along Language Lines.” In The European Handbook of Media Accountability, edited by Tobias Eberwein, Susanne Fengler, and Matthias Karmasin, 14–23. New York: Routledge.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Raeymaeckers, Karin, and François Heinderyckx. 2017. “Belgium : Divided along Language Lines.” In The European Handbook of Media Accountability, ed by. Tobias Eberwein, Susanne Fengler, and Matthias Karmasin, 14–23. New York: Routledge.
Vancouver
1.
Raeymaeckers K, Heinderyckx F. Belgium : divided along language lines. In: Eberwein T, Fengler S, Karmasin M, editors. The European handbook of media accountability. New York: Routledge; 2017. p. 14–23.
IEEE
[1]
K. Raeymaeckers and F. Heinderyckx, “Belgium : divided along language lines,” in The European handbook of media accountability, T. Eberwein, S. Fengler, and M. Karmasin, Eds. New York: Routledge, 2017, pp. 14–23.
@incollection{8528136,
  abstract     = {{Belgium is a country with a highly complex political structure related to three different language communities. This results in segmented authority along communities’ dividing lines for
several aspects of the political and regulatory framework. The media are part of the political
level related to the cultural sphere, and thus media regulation and media accountability are at
sub-national political levels. As a result, there is essentially no ‘Belgian’ media regulation, but
rather two distinct, and sometimes signifcantly different, regulation systems. The media depend
on different professional accountability instruments as ethical codes for journalism, and councils
for journalistic issues, although their power can be different north and south of the language
border. The efforts of the individual media to safeguard accountability can be seen in both parts
of the country but they are largely related to the individual decisions of the media brands. Some
media have letters to the editor as strong features, some media have an ombudsperson and some
editors-in-chief establish a personal dialogue with their public on specifc case-related issues or
on a more regular basis.}},
  author       = {{Raeymaeckers, Karin and Heinderyckx, François}},
  booktitle    = {{The European handbook of media accountability}},
  editor       = {{Eberwein, Tobias and Fengler, Susanne and Karmasin, Matthias}},
  isbn         = {{9781472457660}},
  keywords     = {{Belgium,media accountability}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{14--23}},
  publisher    = {{Routledge}},
  series       = {{Routledge international handbooks}},
  title        = {{Belgium : divided along language lines}},
  year         = {{2017}},
}