Advanced search
1 file | 1.98 MB

'Facing conservation' or 'conservation with a human face'? : people-park interactions in southern Ethiopia

Author
Organization
Abstract
Whereas some conservationists argue that people-oriented approaches' failed to achieve conservation goals, Nechisar National Park presents a case where strict conservation approaches' have at best been only partly successful. Nechisar National Park, heralded as a success in the 1990s, today shows a collapsed population of the endemic Swayne's hartebeest and severe degradation of the emblematic grasslands of the plains. The park is also heavily under pressure from firewood collectors and fish stocks have plummeted. Drawing on the concepts of indirect' and direct' costs/benefits of conservation areas - as proposed by Richard Bell - we wanted to get beyond the strict' versus people-oriented' conservation debate. Based on semi-structured interviews (12 women, 4 men) and oral testimonies (19 women, 17 men) we analyse how access to natural resources evolved under different political regimes and conservation strategies. The strict conservation approach resulted in strong opposition against the park. By considering both the indirect' costs (such as loss of land) and the direct' costs' (such as historical and cultural ties with the land) important insights for a conservation strategy with a human face' could be gained. Conservation with a human face will require: first formally involving the local people in the management of the park; second, that the historical rights of the pastoralists and the farmers over the area, as well as the legitimacy of their grievances with regard to the past management, are recognised. Such a new conservation strategy will however require political commitment and strong institutions at all levels.
Keywords
NECHISAR NATIONAL-PARK, PARTICIPATORY FOREST MANAGEMENT, ALCELAPHUS-BUSELAPHUS-SWAYNEI, POPULATION STATUS, PROTECTED AREAS, COMMUNITY, WILDLIFE, PLAINS, STATE, FIRE, Nechisar National Park, Guji people, Koore people, fisherfolks, firewood, collectors

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.98 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Tsegaye, Genaye, Stefaan Dondeyne, Mulugeta Lemenih, Abraham Marye, Jan Nyssen, Jozef A Deckers, and Miet Maertens. 2017. “‘Facing Conservation’ or ‘Conservation with a Human Face’? : People-park Interactions in Southern Ethiopia.” Journal of Eastern African Studies 11 (2): 290–309.
APA
Tsegaye, G., Dondeyne, S., Lemenih, M., Marye, A., Nyssen, J., Deckers, J. A., & Maertens, M. (2017). “Facing conservation” or “conservation with a human face”? : people-park interactions in southern Ethiopia. JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES, 11(2), 290–309.
Vancouver
1.
Tsegaye G, Dondeyne S, Lemenih M, Marye A, Nyssen J, Deckers JA, et al. “Facing conservation” or “conservation with a human face”? : people-park interactions in southern Ethiopia. JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES. 2017;11(2):290–309.
MLA
Tsegaye, Genaye, Stefaan Dondeyne, Mulugeta Lemenih, et al. “‘Facing Conservation’ or ‘Conservation with a Human Face’? : People-park Interactions in Southern Ethiopia.” JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES 11.2 (2017): 290–309. Print.
@article{8527810,
  abstract     = {Whereas some conservationists argue that people-oriented approaches' failed to achieve conservation goals, Nechisar National Park presents a case where strict conservation approaches' have at best been only partly successful. Nechisar National Park, heralded as a success in the 1990s, today shows a collapsed population of the endemic Swayne's hartebeest and severe degradation of the emblematic grasslands of the plains. The park is also heavily under pressure from firewood collectors and fish stocks have plummeted. Drawing on the concepts of indirect' and direct' costs/benefits of conservation areas - as proposed by Richard Bell - we wanted to get beyond the strict' versus people-oriented' conservation debate. Based on semi-structured interviews (12 women, 4 men) and oral testimonies (19 women, 17 men) we analyse how access to natural resources evolved under different political regimes and conservation strategies. The strict conservation approach resulted in strong opposition against the park. By considering both the indirect' costs (such as loss of land) and the direct' costs' (such as historical and cultural ties with the land) important insights for a conservation strategy with a human face' could be gained. Conservation with a human face will require: first formally involving the local people in the management of the park; second, that the historical rights of the pastoralists and the farmers over the area, as well as the legitimacy of their grievances with regard to the past management, are recognised. Such a new conservation strategy will however require political commitment and strong institutions at all levels.},
  author       = {Tsegaye, Genaye and Dondeyne, Stefaan and Lemenih, Mulugeta and Marye, Abraham and Nyssen, Jan and Deckers, Jozef A and Maertens, Miet},
  issn         = {1753-1055},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EASTERN AFRICAN STUDIES},
  keyword      = {NECHISAR NATIONAL-PARK,PARTICIPATORY FOREST MANAGEMENT,ALCELAPHUS-BUSELAPHUS-SWAYNEI,POPULATION STATUS,PROTECTED AREAS,COMMUNITY,WILDLIFE,PLAINS,STATE,FIRE,Nechisar National Park,Guji people,Koore people,fisherfolks,firewood,collectors},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {290--309},
  title        = {'Facing conservation' or 'conservation with a human face'? : people-park interactions in southern Ethiopia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2017.1327167},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2017},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: