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Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate-enriched Artemia sp. for giant tiger prawn Penaeus monodon larviculture

Gladys Ludevese (UGent) , Joseph Laranja (UGent) , Edgar Amar, Patrick Sorgeloos (UGent) , Peter Bossier (UGent) and Peter De Schryver (UGent)
(2016) AQUACULTURE NUTRITION. 23(2). p.422-429
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Abstract
The beneficial effects of PHB as supplement for giant tiger prawn Penaeus monodon postlarvae using a short-term enrichment strategy via Artemia were examined. The effects of co-supplementing with a lipid emulsion were also evaluated to determine whether it yielded an additional benefit. Results on the average weight and larval development were not significantly different among postlarvae fed the different dietary treatments, indicating that PHB supplementation could not be used to stimulate growth in P. monodon postlarvae while such positive results have been reported in other aquaculture species. Nonetheless, significantly higher survival was obtained in postlarvae fed PHB-enriched Artemia irrespective of lipid enrichment. In addition, PHB increased the survival of the postlarvae after exposure to a lethal dose of ammonia. Lipid supplementation nullified this effect. The cumulative mortality of postlarvae subjected to a sublethal concentration of ammonia for 24h and subsequent exposure to pathogenic Vibrio campbelli showed that PHB but not lipids could effectively enhance the resistance of the postlarvae. Co-supplementing lipids even significantly decreased this outcome. Our study indicates that PHB supplementation increases the quality of larval P. monodon and their chance of surviving under adverse environmental conditions. The short-term co-supplementation with lipid emulsion did not add to these effects.
Keywords
ammonia stress test, lipid emulsion, Penaeus monodon postlarvae, poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate, short-term enrichment, Vibrio challenge test, PATHOGENIC VIBRIO-CAMPBELLII, CHINESE MITTEN CRAB, CHAIN FATTY-ACIDS, MACROBRACHIUM-ROSENBERGII, ERIOCHEIR-SINENSIS, PERFORMANCE, FRANCISCANA, LARVAE, POSTLARVAE, PROTECT

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Citation

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Chicago
Ludevese, Gladys, Joseph Laranja, Edgar Amar, Patrick Sorgeloos, Peter Bossier, and Peter De Schryver. 2016. “Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate-enriched Artemia Sp. for Giant Tiger Prawn Penaeus Monodon Larviculture.” Aquaculture Nutrition 23 (2): 422–429.
APA
Ludevese, G., Laranja, J., Amar, E., Sorgeloos, P., Bossier, P., & De Schryver, P. (2016). Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate-enriched Artemia sp. for giant tiger prawn Penaeus monodon larviculture. AQUACULTURE NUTRITION, 23(2), 422–429.
Vancouver
1.
Ludevese G, Laranja J, Amar E, Sorgeloos P, Bossier P, De Schryver P. Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate-enriched Artemia sp. for giant tiger prawn Penaeus monodon larviculture. AQUACULTURE NUTRITION. 2016;23(2):422–9.
MLA
Ludevese, Gladys, Joseph Laranja, Edgar Amar, et al. “Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate-enriched Artemia Sp. for Giant Tiger Prawn Penaeus Monodon Larviculture.” AQUACULTURE NUTRITION 23.2 (2016): 422–429. Print.
@article{8527412,
  abstract     = {The beneficial effects of PHB as supplement for giant tiger prawn Penaeus monodon postlarvae using a short-term enrichment strategy via Artemia were examined. The effects of co-supplementing with a lipid emulsion were also evaluated to determine whether it yielded an additional benefit. Results on the average weight and larval development were not significantly different among postlarvae fed the different dietary treatments, indicating that PHB supplementation could not be used to stimulate growth in P. monodon postlarvae while such positive results have been reported in other aquaculture species. Nonetheless, significantly higher survival was obtained in postlarvae fed PHB-enriched Artemia irrespective of lipid enrichment. In addition, PHB increased the survival of the postlarvae after exposure to a lethal dose of ammonia. Lipid supplementation nullified this effect. The cumulative mortality of postlarvae subjected to a sublethal concentration of ammonia for 24h and subsequent exposure to pathogenic Vibrio campbelli showed that PHB but not lipids could effectively enhance the resistance of the postlarvae. Co-supplementing lipids even significantly decreased this outcome. Our study indicates that PHB supplementation increases the quality of larval P. monodon and their chance of surviving under adverse environmental conditions. The short-term co-supplementation with lipid emulsion did not add to these effects.},
  author       = {Ludevese, Gladys and Laranja, Joseph and Amar, Edgar and Sorgeloos, Patrick and Bossier, Peter and De Schryver, Peter},
  issn         = {1353-5773},
  journal      = {AQUACULTURE NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {ammonia stress test,lipid emulsion,Penaeus monodon postlarvae,poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate,short-term enrichment,Vibrio challenge test,PATHOGENIC VIBRIO-CAMPBELLII,CHINESE MITTEN CRAB,CHAIN FATTY-ACIDS,MACROBRACHIUM-ROSENBERGII,ERIOCHEIR-SINENSIS,PERFORMANCE,FRANCISCANA,LARVAE,POSTLARVAE,PROTECT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {422--429},
  title        = {Poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate-enriched Artemia sp. for giant tiger prawn Penaeus monodon larviculture},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anu.12410},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2016},
}

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