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Evolution of land use-change modeling : routes of different schools of knowledge

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Abstract
Although much has been published on land use-change models (LUCMs), no study has comprehensively dealt with the evolution of land use models based on schools of knowledge. The primary objective of this paper is an explanation of the progress and growth of LUCMs concerning their main ontological, epistemological, and methodological origins. Five main paradigms, i.e., positivism, post-positivism, constructivism, participatory, and pragmatism approaches, are discussed in order to assess the current orientations of LUCMs. Given the complexities of LUCM components, the study concludes that one paradigm cannot adequately address all methodological aspects. Accordingly, it is necessary to combine quantitative and qualitative paradigms to create mixed-method approaches within a systemic framework. Such systemic approaches could shape the most probable future generations of LUCMs, which would be able to cope with the complexity of various subsystems, including biophysical and socioeconomic ones.
Keywords
Environmental planning, Land management, Land use, Modeling, Knowledge school, Sustainable land use, USE-CHANGE SCENARIOS, QUALITATIVE RESEARCH, GLOBAL-SCALE, COVER CHANGE, MANAGEMENT, SYSTEMS, PRAGMATISM, CONVERSION, PARADIGMS, FUTURE

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MLA
Azadi, Hossein et al. “Evolution of Land Use-change Modeling : Routes of Different Schools of Knowledge.” LANDSCAPE AND ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING 13.2 (2017): 319–332. Print.
APA
Azadi, H., Barati, A. A., Rafiaani, P., Taheri, F., Gebrehiwot, K., Witlox, F., & Lebailly, P. (2017). Evolution of land use-change modeling : routes of different schools of knowledge. LANDSCAPE AND ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING, 13(2), 319–332.
Chicago author-date
Azadi, Hossein, Ali Akbar Barati, Parisa Rafiaani, Fatemeh Taheri, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Frank Witlox, and Philippe Lebailly. 2017. “Evolution of Land Use-change Modeling : Routes of Different Schools of Knowledge.” Landscape and Ecological Engineering 13 (2): 319–332.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Azadi, Hossein, Ali Akbar Barati, Parisa Rafiaani, Fatemeh Taheri, Kindeya Gebrehiwot, Frank Witlox, and Philippe Lebailly. 2017. “Evolution of Land Use-change Modeling : Routes of Different Schools of Knowledge.” Landscape and Ecological Engineering 13 (2): 319–332.
Vancouver
1.
Azadi H, Barati AA, Rafiaani P, Taheri F, Gebrehiwot K, Witlox F, et al. Evolution of land use-change modeling : routes of different schools of knowledge. LANDSCAPE AND ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING. 2017;13(2):319–32.
IEEE
[1]
H. Azadi et al., “Evolution of land use-change modeling : routes of different schools of knowledge,” LANDSCAPE AND ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 319–332, 2017.
@article{8527325,
  abstract     = {{Although much has been published on land use-change models (LUCMs), no study has comprehensively dealt with the evolution of land use models based on schools of knowledge. The primary objective of this paper is an explanation of the progress and growth of LUCMs concerning their main ontological, epistemological, and methodological origins. Five main paradigms, i.e., positivism, post-positivism, constructivism, participatory, and pragmatism approaches, are discussed in order to assess the current orientations of LUCMs. Given the complexities of LUCM components, the study concludes that one paradigm cannot adequately address all methodological aspects. Accordingly, it is necessary to combine quantitative and qualitative paradigms to create mixed-method approaches within a systemic framework. Such systemic approaches could shape the most probable future generations of LUCMs, which would be able to cope with the complexity of various subsystems, including biophysical and socioeconomic ones.}},
  author       = {{Azadi, Hossein and Barati, Ali Akbar and Rafiaani, Parisa and Taheri, Fatemeh and Gebrehiwot, Kindeya and Witlox, Frank and Lebailly, Philippe}},
  issn         = {{1860-1871}},
  journal      = {{LANDSCAPE AND ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING}},
  keywords     = {{Environmental planning,Land management,Land use,Modeling,Knowledge school,Sustainable land use,USE-CHANGE SCENARIOS,QUALITATIVE RESEARCH,GLOBAL-SCALE,COVER CHANGE,MANAGEMENT,SYSTEMS,PRAGMATISM,CONVERSION,PARADIGMS,FUTURE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{2}},
  pages        = {{319--332}},
  title        = {{Evolution of land use-change modeling : routes of different schools of knowledge}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11355-016-0311-9}},
  volume       = {{13}},
  year         = {{2017}},
}

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