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Proposing a central AEC ontology that allows for domain specific extensions

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Abstract
In the last years, several ontologies focused on structuring domain-specific information within the scope of Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) have emerged. Several of these individual ontologies redefine core concepts of a building already specified in the publicly available ontology ersion of the ISO standardised Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) schema, thereby violating the W3C best practice rule of minimum redundancy. The voluminous IFC schema with origins in a closed world assumption is likewise violating this rule by redefining concepts abou time, location, units, etc. already available from other sources, and it is furthermore violating the rule of keeping ontologies simple for easy maintenance. Based on all the available ontologies, we propose a simple Building Topology Ontology (BOT) only covering the core concepts of a building, and three methods for extending this with domain-specific ontologies. This approach makes it (1) possible to work with a limited set of core building classes, and (2) extend thoses as needed towards specific domain ontologies that are in hands of business professionals or domain-specific standardisation bodies, such as the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), buildingSMART, the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), and so forth.
Keywords
Linked Data, Building Information Modelling, BIM, Web of Data, building topology ontology

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Chicago
Rasmussen, Mads Holten, Pieter Pauwels, Christian Anker Hviid, and Jan Karlshoj. 2017. “Proposing a Central AEC Ontology That Allows for Domain Specific Extensions.” In Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Computing in Construction (JC3), 1:237–244.
APA
Rasmussen, M. H., Pauwels, P., Hviid, C. A., & Karlshoj, J. (2017). Proposing a central AEC ontology that allows for domain specific extensions. Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Computing in Construction (JC3) (Vol. 1, pp. 237–244). Presented at the Joint Conference on Computing in Construction.
Vancouver
1.
Rasmussen MH, Pauwels P, Hviid CA, Karlshoj J. Proposing a central AEC ontology that allows for domain specific extensions. Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Computing in Construction (JC3). 2017. p. 237–44.
MLA
Rasmussen, Mads Holten, Pieter Pauwels, Christian Anker Hviid, et al. “Proposing a Central AEC Ontology That Allows for Domain Specific Extensions.” Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Computing in Construction (JC3). Vol. 1. 2017. 237–244. Print.
@inproceedings{8526704,
  abstract     = {In the last years, several ontologies focused on structuring domain-specific information within the scope of Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) have emerged. Several of these individual ontologies redefine core concepts of a building already specified in the publicly available ontology ersion of the ISO standardised Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) schema, thereby violating the W3C best practice rule of minimum redundancy. The voluminous IFC schema with origins in a closed world assumption is likewise violating this rule by redefining concepts abou time, location, units, etc. already available from other sources, and it is furthermore violating the rule of keeping ontologies simple for easy maintenance. Based on all the available ontologies, we propose a simple Building Topology Ontology (BOT) only covering the core concepts of a building, and three methods for extending this with domain-specific ontologies. This approach makes it (1) possible to work with a limited set of core building classes, and (2) extend thoses as needed towards specific domain ontologies that are in hands of business professionals or domain-specific standardisation bodies, such as the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), buildingSMART, the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), and so forth.},
  author       = {Rasmussen, Mads Holten and Pauwels, Pieter and Hviid, Christian Anker and Karlshoj, Jan},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Computing in Construction (JC3)},
  keyword      = {Linked Data,Building Information Modelling,BIM,Web of Data,building topology ontology},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Heraklion, Crete},
  pages        = {237--244},
  title        = {Proposing a central AEC ontology that allows for domain specific extensions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.24928/JC3- 2017/0153.},
  volume       = {1},
  year         = {2017},
}

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