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The distribution of two-phase R32 over an impacting T-junction

Marijn Billiet (UGent) , Yves Bastien, Steven Lecompte (UGent) , Marija Lazova (UGent) , Alihan Kaya (UGent) and Michel De Paepe (UGent)
(2017)
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Abstract
This experimental work studies the distribution of a two-phase refrigerant flow over a horizontal impacting T-junction. A setup was built which consists of two parts: a flow conditioner and a test section. The flow conditioner creates a two-phase mixtures (R32) at a saturation temperature between 10 °C and 20 °C with a mass flux of 150 to 700 kg/(m².s) and a vapour quality between 0 and 1. In the test section, the two-phase flow is distributed over two identical parallel sections using an impacting T-junction. The backpressure and heat input of each parallel section can be regulated. The mass flow rates and vapour qualities are measured before and after the T-junction. Further, the pressure gradient over the T-junction is measured. Also the void fraction before the T-junction is determined using a capacitive void fraction sensor. Using design of experiments, the main effects of superficial vapour velocity, superficial liquid velocity and saturation pressure on the distribution of R32 were studied. For R32, the two phases only distribute uniformly over the T-junction when the mass flow rate through the two outlet branches is equal. Furthermore, the experiments show a decreased tendency of the liquid to exit through the outlet with the lowest mass flow rate with increasing superficial vapour velocity. The opposite is noticed with an increased superficial liquid velocity at a high superficial vapour velocity. Finally, no effect of the saturation pressure was found. The obtained results were then compared with the results of water-air mixtures found in literature.
Keywords
refrigerant, distribution, two-phase, heat pump

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Billiet, Marijn, Yves Bastien, Steven Lecompte, Marija Lazova, Alihan Kaya, and Michel De Paepe. 2017. “The Distribution of Two-phase R32 over an Impacting T-junction.” In .
APA
Billiet, M., Bastien, Y., Lecompte, S., Lazova, M., Kaya, A., & De Paepe, M. (2017). The distribution of two-phase R32 over an impacting T-junction. Presented at the 9th World Conference on Experimental Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics.
Vancouver
1.
Billiet M, Bastien Y, Lecompte S, Lazova M, Kaya A, De Paepe M. The distribution of two-phase R32 over an impacting T-junction. 2017.
MLA
Billiet, Marijn, Yves Bastien, Steven Lecompte, et al. “The Distribution of Two-phase R32 over an Impacting T-junction.” 2017. Print.
@inproceedings{8526489,
  abstract     = {This experimental work studies the distribution of a two-phase refrigerant flow over a horizontal impacting
T-junction. A setup was built which consists of two parts: a flow conditioner and a test section. The flow conditioner
creates a two-phase mixtures (R32) at a saturation temperature between 10 {\textdegree}C and 20 {\textdegree}C with a mass flux of 150 to
700 kg/(m{\texttwosuperior}.s) and a vapour quality between 0 and 1. In the test section, the two-phase flow is distributed over two
identical parallel sections using an impacting T-junction. The backpressure and heat input of each parallel section can be
regulated. The mass flow rates and vapour qualities are measured before and after the T-junction. Further, the pressure
gradient over the T-junction is measured. Also the void fraction before the T-junction is determined using a capacitive void
fraction sensor. Using design of experiments, the main effects of superficial vapour velocity, superficial liquid velocity
and saturation pressure on the distribution of R32 were studied. For R32, the two phases only distribute uniformly over
the T-junction when the mass flow rate through the two outlet branches is equal. Furthermore, the experiments show a
decreased tendency of the liquid to exit through the outlet with the lowest mass flow rate with increasing superficial vapour
velocity. The opposite is noticed with an increased superficial liquid velocity at a high superficial vapour velocity. Finally,
no effect of the saturation pressure was found. The obtained results were then compared with the results of water-air
mixtures found in literature.},
  author       = {Billiet, Marijn and Bastien, Yves and Lecompte, Steven and Lazova, Marija and Kaya, Alihan and De Paepe, Michel},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Iguazu Falls, Brazil},
  pages        = {8},
  title        = {The distribution of two-phase R32 over an impacting T-junction},
  year         = {2017},
}