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Tensor-polarized structure function b1 in the standard convolution description of the deuteron

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Abstract
Tensor-polarized structure functions of a spin-1 hadron are additional observables, which do not exist for the spin-1/2 nucleon. They could probe novel aspects of the internal hadron structure. Twist-2 tensor-polarized structure functions are b1 and b2, and they are related by the Callan-Gross-like relation in the Bjorken scaling limit. In this work, we theoretically calculate b1 in the standard convolution description for the deuteron. Two different theoretical models, a basic convolution description and a virtual nucleon approximation, are used for calculating b1, and their results are compared with the HERMES measurement. We found large differences between our theoretical results and the data. Although there is still room to improve by considering higher-twist effects and in the experimental extraction of b1 from the spin asymmetry Azz, there is a possibility that the large differences require physics beyond the standard deuteron model for their interpretation. Future b1 studies could shed light on a new field of hadron physics. In particular, detailed experimental studies of b1 will start soon at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. In addition, there are possibilities to investigate tensor-polarized parton distribution functions and b1 at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and a future electron-ion collider. Therefore, further theoretical studies are needed for understanding the tensor structure of the spin-1 deuteron, including a new mechanism to explain the large differences between the current data and our theoretical results.
Keywords
DEEP-INELASTIC-SCATTERING, GENERALIZED PARTON DISTRIBUTIONS, SPIN-ONE HADRONS, ELECTRON-SCATTERING, FLAVOR ASYMMETRY, NUCLEON, MESONS, QUARKS, SEA, QCD

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Chicago
Cosyn, Wim, Yu-Bing Dong, S Kumano, and M Sargsian. 2017. “Tensor-polarized Structure Function B1 in the Standard Convolution Description of the Deuteron.” Physical Review D 95 (7).
APA
Cosyn, W., Dong, Y.-B., Kumano, S., & Sargsian, M. (2017). Tensor-polarized structure function b1 in the standard convolution description of the deuteron. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 95(7).
Vancouver
1.
Cosyn W, Dong Y-B, Kumano S, Sargsian M. Tensor-polarized structure function b1 in the standard convolution description of the deuteron. PHYSICAL REVIEW D. 2017;95(7).
MLA
Cosyn, Wim, Yu-Bing Dong, S Kumano, et al. “Tensor-polarized Structure Function B1 in the Standard Convolution Description of the Deuteron.” PHYSICAL REVIEW D 95.7 (2017): n. pag. Print.
@article{8526054,
  abstract     = {Tensor-polarized structure functions of a spin-1 hadron are additional observables, which do not exist for the spin-1/2 nucleon. They could probe novel aspects of the internal hadron structure. Twist-2 tensor-polarized structure functions are b1 and b2, and they are related by the Callan-Gross-like relation in the Bjorken scaling limit. In this work, we theoretically calculate b1 in the standard convolution description for the deuteron. Two different theoretical models, a basic convolution description and a virtual nucleon approximation, are used for calculating b1, and their results are compared with the HERMES measurement. We found large differences between our theoretical results and the data. Although there is still room to improve by considering higher-twist effects and in the experimental extraction of b1 from the spin asymmetry Azz, there is a possibility that the large differences require physics beyond the standard deuteron model for their interpretation. Future b1 studies could shed light on a new field of hadron physics. In particular, detailed experimental studies of b1 will start soon at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. In addition, there are possibilities to investigate tensor-polarized parton distribution functions and b1 at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and a future electron-ion collider. Therefore, further theoretical studies are needed for understanding the tensor structure of the spin-1 deuteron, including a new mechanism to explain the large differences between the current data and our theoretical results.},
  articleno    = {074036},
  author       = {Cosyn, Wim and Dong, Yu-Bing and Kumano, S and Sargsian, M},
  issn         = {2470-0010},
  journal      = {PHYSICAL REVIEW D},
  keyword      = {DEEP-INELASTIC-SCATTERING,GENERALIZED PARTON DISTRIBUTIONS,SPIN-ONE HADRONS,ELECTRON-SCATTERING,FLAVOR ASYMMETRY,NUCLEON,MESONS,QUARKS,SEA,QCD},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {13},
  title        = {Tensor-polarized structure function b1 in the standard convolution description of the deuteron},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.95.074036},
  volume       = {95},
  year         = {2017},
}

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