Advanced search
1 file | 2.18 MB

Prevalence, genetic diversity, tissue distribution and risk factors contributing to T. gondii burden in domestic pigs

Malgorzata Jennes (UGent) and Eric Cox (UGent)
(2017) Toxoplasmosis. p.21-34
Author
Organization
Abstract
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligatory intracellular parasite of mammals, including humans and domestic animals. The infection with this parasite has severe clinical consequences, as it causes abortion or fetal abnormalities, encephalitis in immunocompromised humans, ocular toxoplasmosis with chorioretinitis, and it may contribute to Alzheimer disease. Therefore, an efficient control of T. gondii by prevention of the transmission to humans is strongly recommended. Pork is considered as an important source of toxoplasmosis, due to the frequent consumption of the raw or undercooked porcine meat products, a high susceptibility of pigs to the infection, and because of the numerous risk factors, contributing to the prevalence of toxoplasmosis in the pig population. The cellular and humoral immune responses, such as IgM, IgG, IFN‐gamma, and interleukin‐10 or ‐12 production, associated with the acute and chronic infection in pigs, do not prevent development of the tissue cysts, which persist lifelong within the intermediate host. Therefore, the prevalence of T. gondii in the pig population might be an useful indication of the risk associated with the consumption of the porcine meat.
Keywords
Toxoplasmosis, pigs, review

Downloads

  • Book Chapter 2017.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 2.18 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Jennes, Malgorzata, and Eric Cox. 2017. “Prevalence, Genetic Diversity, Tissue Distribution and Risk Factors Contributing to T. Gondii Burden in Domestic Pigs.” In Toxoplasmosis, ed. Isin Akyar, 21–34. Rijeka, Croatia: InTech.
APA
Jennes, M., & Cox, E. (2017). Prevalence, genetic diversity, tissue distribution and risk factors contributing to T. gondii burden in domestic pigs. In I. Akyar (Ed.), Toxoplasmosis (pp. 21–34). Rijeka, Croatia: InTech.
Vancouver
1.
Jennes M, Cox E. Prevalence, genetic diversity, tissue distribution and risk factors contributing to T. gondii burden in domestic pigs. In: Akyar I, editor. Toxoplasmosis. Rijeka, Croatia: InTech; 2017. p. 21–34.
MLA
Jennes, Malgorzata, and Eric Cox. “Prevalence, Genetic Diversity, Tissue Distribution and Risk Factors Contributing to T. Gondii Burden in Domestic Pigs.” Toxoplasmosis. Ed. Isin Akyar. Rijeka, Croatia: InTech, 2017. 21–34. Print.
@incollection{8524990,
  abstract     = {Toxoplasma gondii is an obligatory intracellular parasite of mammals, including humans and domestic animals. The infection with this parasite has severe clinical consequences, as it causes abortion or fetal abnormalities, encephalitis in immunocompromised humans, ocular toxoplasmosis with chorioretinitis, and it may contribute to Alzheimer disease. Therefore, an efficient control of T. gondii by prevention of the transmission to humans is strongly recommended. Pork is considered as an important source of toxoplasmosis, due to the frequent consumption of the raw or undercooked porcine meat products, a high susceptibility of pigs to the infection, and because of the numerous risk factors, contributing to the prevalence of toxoplasmosis in the pig population. The cellular and humoral immune responses, such as IgM, IgG, IFN\unmatched{2010}gamma, and interleukin\unmatched{2010}10 or \unmatched{2010}12 production, associated with the acute and chronic infection in pigs, do not prevent development of the tissue cysts, which persist lifelong within the intermediate host. Therefore, the prevalence of T. gondii in the pig population might be an useful indication of the risk associated with the consumption of the porcine meat.},
  author       = {Jennes, Malgorzata and Cox, Eric},
  booktitle    = {Toxoplasmosis},
  editor       = {Akyar, Isin},
  isbn         = {9789535132707},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {21--34},
  publisher    = {InTech},
  title        = {Prevalence, genetic diversity, tissue distribution and risk factors contributing to T. gondii burden in domestic pigs},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.68203},
  year         = {2017},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric