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Insecticidal activity of plant-derived extracts against different economically important pest insects

(2017) PHYTOPARASITICA. 45(1). p.113-124
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Abstract
With the aim of selecting potential botanical insecticides, seven plant extracts (Daphne mucronata (Family: Thymelaeaceae), Tagetes minuta (Asteraceae), Calotropis procera (Apocynaceae), Boenninghausenia albiflora (Rutaceae), Eucalyptus sideroxylon (Myrtaceae), Cinnamomum camphora (Lauraceae) and Isodon rugosus (Lamiaceae)) were screened for their toxic effects against four important agricultural pest insects, each representing a separate insect order; pea aphids of Acyrthosiphon pisum (Hemiptera), fruit flies of Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera), red flour beetles of Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera), and armyworms of Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera). Aphids were the most susceptible insect with 100% mortality observed after 24 h for all the plant extracts tested. Further bioassays with lower concentrations of the plant extracts against aphids, revealed the extracts from I. rugosus (LC50 36 ppm and LC90 102 ppm) and D. mucronata (LC50 126 ppm and LC90 198 ppm) to be the most toxic to aphids. These most active plant extracts were further fractionated into different solvent fractions on polarity basis and their insecticidal activity evaluated. While all the fractions showed considerable mortality in aphids, the most active was the butanol fraction from I. rugosus with an LC50 of 18 ppm and LC90 of 48 ppm. Considering that high mortality was observed in aphids within 24 h of exposure to a very low concentration of the butanol fraction from I. rugosus, we believe this could be exploited and further developed as a potential plant-based insecticide against sucking insect pests, such as aphids.
Keywords
Acyrthosiphon pisum, Botanical insecticides, Fractionation, Daphne mucronata, Isodon rugosus, SPODOPTERA-EXIGUA LEPIDOPTERA, MEDICINAL-PLANTS, BOTANICAL INSECTICIDES, TRIBOLIUM-CASTANEUM, EUCALYPTUS-SIDEROXYLON, CULEX-QUINQUEFASCIATUS, NORTH PAKISTAN, ESSENTIAL OILS, BEET ARMYWORM, FLOUR BEETLE

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Chicago
Khan, Saira, Nji Tizi Clauvis Taning, Eli Bonneure, Sven Mangelinckx, Guy Smagghe, and Mohammad Maroof Shah. 2017. “Insecticidal Activity of Plant-derived Extracts Against Different Economically Important Pest Insects.” Phytoparasitica 45 (1): 113–124.
APA
Khan, S., Taning, N. T. C., Bonneure, E., Mangelinckx, S., Smagghe, G., & Shah, M. M. (2017). Insecticidal activity of plant-derived extracts against different economically important pest insects. PHYTOPARASITICA, 45(1), 113–124.
Vancouver
1.
Khan S, Taning NTC, Bonneure E, Mangelinckx S, Smagghe G, Shah MM. Insecticidal activity of plant-derived extracts against different economically important pest insects. PHYTOPARASITICA. 2017;45(1):113–24.
MLA
Khan, Saira et al. “Insecticidal Activity of Plant-derived Extracts Against Different Economically Important Pest Insects.” PHYTOPARASITICA 45.1 (2017): 113–124. Print.
@article{8524290,
  abstract     = {With the aim of selecting potential botanical insecticides, seven plant extracts (Daphne mucronata (Family: Thymelaeaceae), Tagetes minuta (Asteraceae), Calotropis procera (Apocynaceae), Boenninghausenia albiflora (Rutaceae), Eucalyptus sideroxylon (Myrtaceae), Cinnamomum camphora (Lauraceae) and Isodon rugosus (Lamiaceae)) were screened for their toxic effects against four important agricultural pest insects, each representing a separate insect order; pea aphids of Acyrthosiphon pisum (Hemiptera), fruit flies of Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera), red flour beetles of Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera), and armyworms of Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera). Aphids were the most susceptible insect with 100% mortality observed after 24 h for all the plant extracts tested. Further bioassays with lower concentrations of the plant extracts against aphids, revealed the extracts from I. rugosus (LC50 36 ppm and LC90 102 ppm) and D. mucronata (LC50 126 ppm and LC90 198 ppm) to be the most toxic to aphids. These most active plant extracts were further fractionated into different solvent fractions on polarity basis and their insecticidal activity evaluated. While all the fractions showed considerable mortality in aphids, the most active was the butanol fraction from I. rugosus with an LC50 of 18 ppm and LC90 of 48 ppm. Considering that high mortality was observed in aphids within 24 h of exposure to a very low concentration of the butanol fraction from I. rugosus, we believe this could be exploited and further developed as a potential plant-based insecticide against sucking insect pests, such as aphids.},
  author       = {Khan, Saira and Taning, Nji Tizi Clauvis and Bonneure, Eli and Mangelinckx, Sven and Smagghe, Guy and Shah, Mohammad Maroof},
  issn         = {0334-2123},
  journal      = {PHYTOPARASITICA},
  keywords     = {Acyrthosiphon pisum,Botanical insecticides,Fractionation,Daphne mucronata,Isodon rugosus,SPODOPTERA-EXIGUA LEPIDOPTERA,MEDICINAL-PLANTS,BOTANICAL INSECTICIDES,TRIBOLIUM-CASTANEUM,EUCALYPTUS-SIDEROXYLON,CULEX-QUINQUEFASCIATUS,NORTH PAKISTAN,ESSENTIAL OILS,BEET ARMYWORM,FLOUR BEETLE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {113--124},
  title        = {Insecticidal activity of plant-derived extracts against different economically important pest insects},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12600-017-0569-y},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2017},
}

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