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Effect of secondary copper slag as cementitious material in ultra-high performance mortar

Romy Suryaningrat Edwin (UGent) , Mieke De Schepper (UGent) , Elke Gruyaert (UGent) and Nele De Belie (UGent)
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Abstract
This research investigates the use of copper slag as supplementary cementitious material (SCM) in ultra high performance mortar (UHPM). Two secondary slag types from a plant in Belgium were utilized as SCM and were classified as a quickly cooled granulated copper slag (QCS) and a slowly cooled broken copper slag (SCS). Both materials were ground intensively using a planetary ball mill. A low water-to-binder ratio of 0.15 was chosen for the UHPM in this study. Various mortar and cement paste samples were produced with increasing copper slag content from 0 to 20 wt% in steps of 5 wt%. Particle size distribution (PSD) and specific surface area (SSA) of the copper slag were assessed using laser diffraction and the Blaine permeability test. The pozzolanic activity of copper slag was evaluated using the Chapelle test, strength activity index (SAI) and Frattini test. The results obtained, showed that the strength of mortars with different copper slag proportions was comparable to or even better than the control mixture at 90 days. The increased fineness of the copper slag enhances the mortar strength. Using isothermal calorimetry, it was found that the addition of copper slag slows down the hydration of the cement pastes. The rate of pozzolanic activity of copper slag depends on temperature, curing age, and particle sizes.
Keywords
Copper slag, Ultra high performance mortar, Compressive strength, Supplementary cementitious materials, Pozzolanic activity

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MLA
Edwin, Romy Suryaningrat et al. “Effect of Secondary Copper Slag as Cementitious Material in Ultra-high Performance Mortar.” CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS 119 (2016): 31–34. Print.
APA
Edwin, R. S., De Schepper, M., Gruyaert, E., & De Belie, N. (2016). Effect of secondary copper slag as cementitious material in ultra-high performance mortar. CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, 119, 31–34.
Chicago author-date
Edwin, Romy Suryaningrat, Mieke De Schepper, Elke Gruyaert, and Nele De Belie. 2016. “Effect of Secondary Copper Slag as Cementitious Material in Ultra-high Performance Mortar.” Construction and Building Materials 119: 31–34.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Edwin, Romy Suryaningrat, Mieke De Schepper, Elke Gruyaert, and Nele De Belie. 2016. “Effect of Secondary Copper Slag as Cementitious Material in Ultra-high Performance Mortar.” Construction and Building Materials 119: 31–34.
Vancouver
1.
Edwin RS, De Schepper M, Gruyaert E, De Belie N. Effect of secondary copper slag as cementitious material in ultra-high performance mortar. CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS. Elsevier BV; 2016;119:31–4.
IEEE
[1]
R. S. Edwin, M. De Schepper, E. Gruyaert, and N. De Belie, “Effect of secondary copper slag as cementitious material in ultra-high performance mortar,” CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, vol. 119, pp. 31–34, 2016.
@article{8524041,
  abstract     = {This research investigates the use of copper slag as supplementary cementitious material (SCM) in ultra high performance mortar (UHPM). Two secondary slag types from a plant in Belgium were utilized as SCM and were classified as a quickly cooled granulated copper slag (QCS) and a slowly cooled broken copper slag (SCS). Both materials were ground intensively using a planetary ball mill. A low water-to-binder ratio of 0.15 was chosen for the UHPM in this study. Various mortar and cement paste samples were produced with increasing copper slag content from 0 to 20 wt% in steps of 5 wt%. Particle size distribution (PSD) and specific surface area (SSA) of the copper slag were assessed using laser diffraction and the Blaine permeability test. The pozzolanic activity of copper slag was evaluated using the Chapelle test, strength activity index (SAI) and Frattini test. 
The results obtained, showed that the strength of mortars with different copper slag proportions was comparable to or even better than the control mixture at 90 days. The increased fineness of the copper slag enhances the mortar strength. Using isothermal calorimetry, it was found that the addition of copper slag slows down the hydration of the cement pastes. The rate of pozzolanic activity of copper slag depends on temperature, curing age, and particle sizes.},
  author       = {Edwin, Romy Suryaningrat and De Schepper, Mieke and Gruyaert, Elke and De Belie, Nele},
  issn         = {0950-0618},
  journal      = {CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS},
  keywords     = {Copper slag,Ultra high performance mortar,Compressive strength,Supplementary cementitious materials,Pozzolanic activity},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {31--34},
  publisher    = {Elsevier BV},
  title        = {Effect of secondary copper slag as cementitious material in ultra-high performance mortar},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.05.007},
  volume       = {119},
  year         = {2016},
}

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