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Trapping in proton irradiated p(+)-n-n(+) silicon sensors at fluences anticipated at the HL-LHC outer tracker

W. Adam, T. Bergauer, M. Dragicevic, M. Friedl, R. Fruehwirth, M. Hoch, J. Hrubec, M. Krammer, W. Treberspurg, W. Waltenberger, et al. (2016) JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION. 11.
abstract
The degradation of signal in silicon sensors is studied under conditions expected at the CERN High-Luminosity LHC. 200 mu m thick n-type silicon sensors are irradiated with protons of different energies to fluences of up to 3.10(15) neq/cm(2). Pulsed red laser light with a wavelength of 672 nm is used to generate electron-hole pairs in the sensors. The induced signals are used to determine the charge collection efficiencies separately for electrons and holes drifting through the sensor. The effective trapping rates are extracted by comparing the results to simulation. The electric field is simulated using Synopsys device simulation assuming two effective defects. The generation and drift of charge carriers are simulated in an independent simulation based on PixelAV. The effective trapping rates are determined from the measured charge collection efficiencies and the simulated and measured time-resolved current pulses are compared. The effective trapping rates determined for both electrons and holes are about 50% smaller than those obtained using standard extrapolations of studies at low fluences and suggest an improved tracker performance over initial expectations.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
keyword
Detector modelling and simulations II (electric fields, charge transport, multiplication and induction, pulse formation, electron emission, etc), Radiation damage to detector materials (solid state), Radiation-hard detectors, Si microstrip and pad detectors, DETECTORS, ELECTRONS, HOLES
journal title
JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION
J. Instrum.
volume
11
publisher
IOP PUBLISHING LTD
place of publication
BRISTOL
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000375746400042
JCR category
INSTRUMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION
JCR impact factor
1.22 (2016)
JCR rank
40/58 (2016)
JCR quartile
3 (2016)
ISSN
1748-0221
DOI
10.1088/1748-0221/11/04/P04023
language
English
UGent publication?
no
classification
A1
id
8523426
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8523426
date created
2017-06-13 08:02:27
date last changed
2017-07-07 11:35:20
@article{8523426,
  abstract     = {The degradation of signal in silicon sensors is studied under conditions expected at the CERN High-Luminosity LHC. 200 mu m thick n-type silicon sensors are irradiated with protons of different energies to fluences of up to 3.10(15) neq/cm(2). Pulsed red laser light with a wavelength of 672 nm is used to generate electron-hole pairs in the sensors. The induced signals are used to determine the charge collection efficiencies separately for electrons and holes drifting through the sensor. The effective trapping rates are extracted by comparing the results to simulation. The electric field is simulated using Synopsys device simulation assuming two effective defects. The generation and drift of charge carriers are simulated in an independent simulation based on PixelAV. The effective trapping rates are determined from the measured charge collection efficiencies and the simulated and measured time-resolved current pulses are compared. The effective trapping rates determined for both electrons and holes are about 50\% smaller than those obtained using standard extrapolations of studies at low fluences and suggest an improved tracker performance over initial expectations.},
  author       = {Adam, W. and Bergauer, T. and Dragicevic, M. and Friedl, M. and Fruehwirth, R. and Hoch, M. and Hrubec, J. and Krammer, M. and Treberspurg, W. and Waltenberger, W. and Alderweireldt, S. and Beaumont, W. and Janssen, X. and Luyckx, S. and Van Mechelen, P. and Van Remortel, N. and Van Spilbeeck, A. and Barria, P. and Caillol, C. and Clerbaux, B. and De Lentdecker, G. and Dobur, Didar and Favart, L. and Grebenyuk, A. and Lenzi, Th. and Leonard, A. and Maerschalk, Th. and Mohammadi, A. and Pernie, L. and Randle-Conde, A. and Reis, T. and Seva, T. and Thomas, L. and Velde, C. Vander and Vanlaer, P. and Wang, J. and Zenoni, F. and Abu Zeid, S. and Blekman, F. and De Bruyn, I. and D'Hondt, J. and Daci, N. and Deroover, K. and Heracleous, N. and Keaveney, J. and Lowette, S. and Moreels, L. and Olbrechts, A. and Python, Q. and Tavernier, S. and Van Mulders, P. and Van Onsem, G. and Van Parijs, I. and Strom, D. A. and Basegmez, S. and Bruno, G. and Castello, R. and Caudron, A. and Ceard, L. and De Callatay, B. and Delaere, C. and Du Pree, T. and Forthomme, L. and Giammanco, A. and Hollar, J. and Jez, P. and Michotte, D. and Nuttens, C. and Perrini, L. and Pagano, D. and Quertenmont, L. and Selvaggi, M. and Marono, M. Vidal and Beliy, N. and Caebergs, T. and Daubie, E. and Hammad, G. H. and Harkonen, J. and Lampen, T. and Luukka, P. -R. and Maenpaa, T. and Peltola, T. and Tuominen, E. and Tuovinen, E. and Eerola, P. and Tuuva, T. and Beaulieu, G. and Boudoul, G. and Combaret, C. and Contardo, D. and Gallbit, G. and Lumb, N. and Mathez, H. and Mirabito, L. and Perries, S. and Sabes, D. and Donckt, M. Vander and Verdier, P. and Viret, S. and Zoccarato, Y. and Agram, J. -L. and Conte, E. and Fontaine, J. -Ch. and Andrea, J. and Bloch, D. and Bonnin, C. and Brom, J. -M. and Chabert, E. and Charles, L. and Goetzmann, Ch. and Gross, L. and Hosselet, J. and Mathieu, C. and Richer, M. and Skovpen, K. and Pistone, C. and Fluegge, G. and Kuensken, A. and Geisler, M. and Pooth, O. and Stahl, A. and Autermann, C. and Edelhoff, M. and Esser, H. and Feld, L. and Karpinski, W. and Klein, K. and Lipinski, M. and Ostapchuk, A. and Pierschel, G. and Preuten, M. and Raupach, F. and Sammet, J. and Schael, S. and Schwering, G. and Wittmer, B. and Wlochal, M. and Zhukov, V. and Bartosik, N. and Behr, J. and Burgmeier, A. and Calligaris, L. and Dolinska, G. and Eckerlin, G. and Eckstein, D. and Eichhorn, T. and Fluke, G. and Garcia, J. Garay and Gizhko, A. and Hansen, K. and Harb, A. and Hauk, J. and Kalogeropoulos, A. and Kleinwort, C. and Korol, I. and Lange, W. and Lohmann, W. and Mankel, R. and Maser, H. and Mittag, G. and Muhl, C. and Mussgiller, A. and Nayak, A. and Ntomari, E. and Perrey, H. and Pitzl, D. and Schroeder, M. and Seitz, C. and Spannagel, S. and Zuber, A. and Biskop, H. and Blobel, V. and Buhmann, P. and Centis-Vignali, M. and Draeger, A. -R. and Erfle, J. and Garutti, E. and Haller, J. and Hoffmann, M. and Junkes, A. and Lapsien, T. and Maettig, S. and Matysek, M. and Perieanu, A. and Poehlsen, J. and Poehlsen, T. and Scharf, Ch. and Schleper, P. and Schmidt, A. and Sola, V. and Steinbrueck, G. and Wellhausen, J. and Barvich, T. and Barth, Ch. and Boegelspacher, F. and De Boer, W. and Butz, E. and Casele, M. and Colombo, F. and Dierlamm, A. and Eber, R. and Freund, B. and Hartmann, F. and Hauth, Th. and Heindl, S. and Hoffmann, K. -H. and Husemann, U. and Kornmeyer, A. and Mallows, S. and Muller, Th. and Nuernberg, A. and Printz, M. and Simonis, H. J. and Steck, P. and Weber, M. and Weiler, Th. and Bhardwaj, A. and Kumar, A. and Kumar, A. and Ranjan, K. and Bakhshiansohl, H. and Behnamian, H. and Khakzad, M. and Naseri, M. and Cariola, P. and De Robertis, G. and Fiore, L. and Franco, M. and Loddo, F. and Sala, G. and Silvestris, L. and Creanza, D. and De Palma, M. and Maggi, G. and My, S. and Selvaggi, G. and Albergo, S. and Cappello, G. and Chiorboli, M. and Costa, S. and Giordano, F. and Di Mattia, A. and Potenza, R. and Saizu, M. A. and Tricomi, A. and Tuve, C. and Barbagli, G. and Brianzi, M. and Ciaranfi, R. and Civinini, C. and Gallo, E. and Meschini, M. and Paoletti, S. and Sguazzoni, G. and Ciulli, V. and D'Alessandro, R. and Gonzi, S. and Gori, V. and Focardi, E. and Lenzi, P. and Scarlini, E. and Tropiano, A. and Viliani, L. and Ferro, F. and Robutti, E. and Lo Vetere, M. and Gennai, S. and Malvezzi, S. and Menasce, D. and Moroni, L. and Pedrini, D. and Dinardo, M. and Fiorendi, S. and Manzoni, R. 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S. and Morsani, F. and Palla, F. and Palmonari, F. and Raffaelli, F. and Savoy-Navarro, A. and Serban, A. T. and Spagnolo, P. and Tenchini, R. and Venturi, A. and Verdini, P. G. and Martini, L. and Messineo, A. and Rizzi, A. and Tonelli, G. and Calzolari, F. and Donato, S. and Fiori, F. and Ligabue, F. and Vernieri, C. and Demaria, N. and Rivetti, A. and Bellan, R. and Casasso, S. and Costa, M. and Covarelli, R. and Migliore, E. and Monteil, E. and Musich, M. and Pacher, L. and Ravera, F. and Romero, A. and Solano, A. and Trapani, P. and Jaramillo Echeverria, R. and Fernandez, M. and Gomez, G. and Moya, D. and Gonzalez Sanchez, F. J. and Munoz Sanchez, F. J. and Vila, I. and Virto, A. 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Martinez Ruiz and Masciovecchio, M. and Perrozzi, L. and Roeser, U. and Rossini, M. and Starodumov, A. and Takahashi, M. and Wallny, R. and Amsler, C. and Bosiger, K. and Caminada, L. and Canelli, F. and Chiochia, V. and de Cosa, A. and Galloni, C. and Hreus, T. and Kilminster, B. and Lange, C. and Maier, R. and Ngadiuba, J. and Pinna, D. and Robmann, P. and Taroni, S. and Yang, Y. and Bertl, W. and Deiters, K. and Erdmann, W. and Horisberger, R. and Kaestli, H. -C. and Kotlinski, D. and Langenegger, U. and Meier, B. and Rohe, T. and Streuli, S. and Chen, P. -H. and Dietz, C. and Grundler, U. and Hou, W. -S. and Lu, R. -S. and Moya, M. and Wilken, R. and Cussans, D. and Flacher, H. and Goldstein, J. and Grimes, M. and Jacob, J. and El Nasr-Storey, S. Seif and Cole, J. and Hobson, P. and Leggat, D. and Reid, I. D. and Teodorescu, L. and Bainbridge, R. and Dauncey, P. and Fulcher, J. and Hall, G. and Magnan, A. -M. and Pesaresi, M. and Raymond, D. M. and Uchida, K. and Coughlan, J. A. and Harder, K. and Ilic, J. and Tomalin, I. R. and Garabedian, A. and Heintz, U. and Narain, M. and Nelson, J. and Sagir, S. and Speer, T. and Swanson, J. and Tersegno, D. and Watson-Daniels, J. and Chertok, M. and Conway, J. and Conway, R. and Flores, C. and Lander, R. and Pellett, D. and Ricci-Tam, F. and Squires, M. and Thomson, J. and Yohay, R. and Burt, K. and Ellison, J. and Hanson, G. and Malberti, M. and Olmedo, M. and Cerati, G. and Sharma, V. and Vartak, A. and Yagil, A. and Della Porta, G. Zevi and Dutta, V. and Gouskos, L. and Incandela, J. and Kyre, S. and McColl, N. and Mullin, S. and White, D. and Cumalat, J. P. and Ford, W. T. and Gaz, A. and Krohn, M. and Stenson, K. and Wagner, S. R. and Baldin, B. and Bolla, G. and Burkett, K. and Butler, J. and Cheung, H. and Chramowicz, J. and Christian, D. and Cooper, W. E. and Deptuch, G. and Derylo, G. and Gingu, C. and Gruenendahl, S. and Hasegawa, S. and Hoff, J. and Howell, J. and Hrycyk, M. and Jindariani, S. and Johnson, M. and Jung, A. and Joshi, U. and Kahlid, F. and Lei, C. M. and Lipton, R. and Liu, T. and Los, S. and Matulik, M. and Merkel, P. and Nahn, S. and Prosser, A. and Rivera, R. and Shenai, A. and Spiegel, L. and Tran, N. and Uplegger, L. and Voirin, E. and Yin, H. and Adams, M. R. and Berry, D. R. and Evdokimov, A. and Evdokimov, O. and Gerber, C. E. and Hofman, D. J. and Kapustka, B. K. and O'Brien, C. and Gonzalez, D. I. Sandoval and Trauger, H. and Turner, P. and Parashar, N. and Stupak, J. and Bortoletto, D. and Bubna, M. and Hinton, N. and Jones, M. and Miller, D. H. and Shi, X. and Tan, P. and Baringer, P. and Bean, A. and Benelli, G. and Gray, J. and Majumder, D. and Noonan, D. and Sanders, S. and Stringer, R. and Ivanov, A. and Makouski, M. and Skhirtladze, N. and Taylor, R. and Anderson, I. and Fehling, D. and Gritsan, A. and Maksimovic, P. and Martin, C. and Nash, K. and Osherson, M. and Swartz, M. and Xiao, M. and Acosta, J. G. and Cremaldi, L. M. and Oliveros, S. and Perera, L. and Summers, D. and Bloom, K. and Bose, S. and Claes, D. R. and Dominguez, A. and Fangmeier, C. and Suarez, R. Gonzalez and Meier, F. and Monroy, J. and Hahn, K. and Sevova, S. and Sung, K. and Trovato, M. and Bartz, E. and Duggan, D. and Halkiadakis, E. and Lath, A. and Park, M. and Schnetzer, S. and Stone, R. and Walker, M. and Malik, S. and Mendez, H. and Vargas, J. E. Ramirez and Alyari, M. and Dolen, J. and George, J. and Godshalk, A. and Iashvili, I. and Kaisen, J. and Kharchilava, A. and Kumar, A. and Rappoccio, S. and Alexander, J. and Chaves, J. and Chu, J. and Dittmer, S. and Kaufman, G. and Mirman, N. and Ryd, A. and Salvati, E. and Skinnari, L. and Thom, J. and Thompson, J. and Tucker, J. and Winstrom, L. and Akgun, B. and Ecklund, K. M. and Nussbaum, T. and Zabel, J. and Betchart, B. and Covarelli, R. and Demina, R. and Hindrichs, O. and Petrillo, G. and Eusebi, R. and Osipenkov, I. and Perloff, A. and Ulmer, K. A. and Delannoy, A. G. and D'Angelo, P. and Johns, W.},
  issn         = {1748-0221},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION},
  keyword      = {Detector modelling and simulations II (electric fields,charge transport,multiplication and induction,pulse formation,electron emission,etc),Radiation damage to detector materials (solid state),Radiation-hard detectors,Si microstrip and pad detectors,DETECTORS,ELECTRONS,HOLES},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {IOP PUBLISHING LTD},
  title        = {Trapping in proton irradiated p(+)-n-n(+) silicon sensors at fluences anticipated at the HL-LHC outer tracker},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/11/04/P04023},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Adam, W., T. Bergauer, M. Dragicevic, M. Friedl, R. Fruehwirth, M. Hoch, J. Hrubec, et al. 2016. “Trapping in Proton Irradiated P(+)-n-n(+) Silicon Sensors at Fluences Anticipated at the HL-LHC Outer Tracker.” Journal of Instrumentation 11.
APA
Adam, W., Bergauer, T., Dragicevic, M., Friedl, M., Fruehwirth, R., Hoch, M., Hrubec, J., et al. (2016). Trapping in proton irradiated p(+)-n-n(+) silicon sensors at fluences anticipated at the HL-LHC outer tracker. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 11.
Vancouver
1.
Adam W, Bergauer T, Dragicevic M, Friedl M, Fruehwirth R, Hoch M, et al. Trapping in proton irradiated p(+)-n-n(+) silicon sensors at fluences anticipated at the HL-LHC outer tracker. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION. BRISTOL: IOP PUBLISHING LTD; 2016;11.
MLA
Adam, W., T. Bergauer, M. Dragicevic, et al. “Trapping in Proton Irradiated P(+)-n-n(+) Silicon Sensors at Fluences Anticipated at the HL-LHC Outer Tracker.” JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION 11 (2016): n. pag. Print.