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Paleoseawater density reconstruction and its implication for cold-water coral carbonate mounds in the northeast Atlantic through time

(2016) PALEOCEANOGRAPHY. 31(3). p.365-379
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Abstract
Carbonate buildups and mounds are impressive biogenic structures throughout Earth history. In the recent NE Atlantic, cold-water coral (CWC) reefs form giant carbonate mounds of up to 300m of elevation. The expansion of these coral carbonate mounds is paced by climatic changes during the past 2.7Myr. Environmental control on their development is directly linked to controls on its main constructors, the reef-building CWCs. Seawater density has been identified as one of the main controlling parameter of CWC growth in the NE Atlantic. One possibility is the formation of a pycnocline above the carbonate mounds, which is increasing the hydrodynamic regime, supporting elevated food supply, and possibly facilitating the distribution of coral larvae. The potential to reconstruct past seawater densities from stable oxygen isotopes of benthic foraminifera has been further developed: a regional equation gives reliable results for three different settings, peak interglacials (e.g., Holocene), peak glacials (e.g., Last Glacial Maximum), and intermediate setting (between the two extremes). Seawater densities are reconstructed for two different NE Atlantic CWC carbonate mounds in the Porcupine Seabight indicating that the development of carbonate mounds is predominantly found at a seawater density range between 27.3 and 27.7kgm(-3) (sigma notation). Comparable to recent conditions, we interpret the reconstructed density range as a pycnocline serving as boundary layer, on which currents develop, carrying nutrition and possibly coral larvae. The close correlation of CWC reef growth with reconstructed seawater densities through the Pleistocene highlights the importance of pycnoclines and intermediate water mass dynamics.
Keywords
DEEP-SEA CORALS, LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM, LOPHELIA-PERTUSA SCLERACTINIA, IODP EXP. 307, PORCUPINE SEABIGHT, NE-ATLANTIC, MEDITERRANEAN OUTFLOW, PROPELLER MOUND, GROWTH HISTORY, CHALLENGER MOUND, cold-water corals, carbonate mounds, seawater density, Pleistocene, northeast Atlantic

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Citation

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Chicago
Rüggeberg, Andres, Sascha Flögel, Wolf-Christian Dullo, Jacek Raddatz, and Volker Liebetrau. 2016. “Paleoseawater Density Reconstruction and Its Implication for Cold-water Coral Carbonate Mounds in the Northeast Atlantic Through Time.” Paleoceanography 31 (3): 365–379.
APA
Rüggeberg, A., Flögel, S., Dullo, W.-C., Raddatz, J., & Liebetrau, V. (2016). Paleoseawater density reconstruction and its implication for cold-water coral carbonate mounds in the northeast Atlantic through time. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY, 31(3), 365–379.
Vancouver
1.
Rüggeberg A, Flögel S, Dullo W-C, Raddatz J, Liebetrau V. Paleoseawater density reconstruction and its implication for cold-water coral carbonate mounds in the northeast Atlantic through time. PALEOCEANOGRAPHY. 2016;31(3):365–79.
MLA
Rüggeberg, Andres, Sascha Flögel, Wolf-Christian Dullo, et al. “Paleoseawater Density Reconstruction and Its Implication for Cold-water Coral Carbonate Mounds in the Northeast Atlantic Through Time.” PALEOCEANOGRAPHY 31.3 (2016): 365–379. Print.
@article{8522927,
  abstract     = {Carbonate buildups and mounds are impressive biogenic structures throughout Earth history. In the recent NE Atlantic, cold-water coral (CWC) reefs form giant carbonate mounds of up to 300m of elevation. The expansion of these coral carbonate mounds is paced by climatic changes during the past 2.7Myr. Environmental control on their development is directly linked to controls on its main constructors, the reef-building CWCs. Seawater density has been identified as one of the main controlling parameter of CWC growth in the NE Atlantic. One possibility is the formation of a pycnocline above the carbonate mounds, which is increasing the hydrodynamic regime, supporting elevated food supply, and possibly facilitating the distribution of coral larvae. The potential to reconstruct past seawater densities from stable oxygen isotopes of benthic foraminifera has been further developed: a regional equation gives reliable results for three different settings, peak interglacials (e.g., Holocene), peak glacials (e.g., Last Glacial Maximum), and intermediate setting (between the two extremes). Seawater densities are reconstructed for two different NE Atlantic CWC carbonate mounds in the Porcupine Seabight indicating that the development of carbonate mounds is predominantly found at a seawater density range between 27.3 and 27.7kgm(-3) (sigma notation). Comparable to recent conditions, we interpret the reconstructed density range as a pycnocline serving as boundary layer, on which currents develop, carrying nutrition and possibly coral larvae. The close correlation of CWC reef growth with reconstructed seawater densities through the Pleistocene highlights the importance of pycnoclines and intermediate water mass dynamics.},
  author       = {R{\"u}ggeberg, Andres and Fl{\"o}gel, Sascha and Dullo, Wolf-Christian and Raddatz, Jacek and Liebetrau, Volker},
  issn         = {0883-8305},
  journal      = {PALEOCEANOGRAPHY},
  keyword      = {DEEP-SEA CORALS,LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM,LOPHELIA-PERTUSA SCLERACTINIA,IODP EXP. 307,PORCUPINE SEABIGHT,NE-ATLANTIC,MEDITERRANEAN OUTFLOW,PROPELLER MOUND,GROWTH HISTORY,CHALLENGER MOUND,cold-water corals,carbonate mounds,seawater density,Pleistocene,northeast Atlantic},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {365--379},
  title        = {Paleoseawater density reconstruction and its implication for cold-water coral carbonate mounds in the northeast Atlantic through time},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015PA002859},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2016},
}

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