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Using decision analysis to support proactive management of emerging infectious wildlife diseases

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Abstract
Despite calls for improved responses to emerging infectious diseases in wildlife, management is seldom considered until a disease has been detected in affected populations. Reactive approaches may limit the potential for control and increase total response costs. An alternative, proactive management framework can identify immediate actions that reduce future impacts even before a disease is detected, and plan subsequent actions that are conditional on disease emergence. We identify four main obstacles to developing proactive management strategies for the newly discovered salamander pathogen Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal). Given that uncertainty is a hallmark of wildlife disease management and that associated decisions are often complicated by multiple competing objectives, we advocate using decision analysis to create and evaluate trade-offs between proactive (pre-emergence) and reactive (post-emergence) management options. Policy makers and natural resource agency personnel can apply principles from decision analysis to improve strategies for countering emerging infectious diseases.
Keywords
ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT, CONSERVATION, CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS, BIODIVERSITY, POPULATIONS, AMPHIBIANS

Citation

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Chicago
Grant, Evan H Campbell, Erin Muths, Rachel A Katz, Stefano Canessa, Michael J Adams, Jennifer R Ballard, Lee Berger, et al. 2017. “Using Decision Analysis to Support Proactive Management of Emerging Infectious Wildlife Diseases.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 15 (4): 214–221.
APA
Grant, E. H. C., Muths, E., Katz, R. A., Canessa, S., Adams, M. J., Ballard, J. R., Berger, L., et al. (2017). Using decision analysis to support proactive management of emerging infectious wildlife diseases. FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, 15(4), 214–221.
Vancouver
1.
Grant EHC, Muths E, Katz RA, Canessa S, Adams MJ, Ballard JR, et al. Using decision analysis to support proactive management of emerging infectious wildlife diseases. FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT. 2017;15(4):214–21.
MLA
Grant, Evan H Campbell, Erin Muths, Rachel A Katz, et al. “Using Decision Analysis to Support Proactive Management of Emerging Infectious Wildlife Diseases.” FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT 15.4 (2017): 214–221. Print.
@article{8522232,
  abstract     = {Despite calls for improved responses to emerging infectious diseases in wildlife, management is seldom considered until a disease has been detected in affected populations. Reactive approaches may limit the potential for control and increase total response costs. An alternative, proactive management framework can identify immediate actions that reduce future impacts even before a disease is detected, and plan subsequent actions that are conditional on disease emergence. We identify four main obstacles to developing proactive management strategies for the newly discovered salamander pathogen Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal). Given that uncertainty is a hallmark of wildlife disease management and that associated decisions are often complicated by multiple competing objectives, we advocate using decision analysis to create and evaluate trade-offs between proactive (pre-emergence) and reactive (post-emergence) management options. Policy makers and natural resource agency personnel can apply principles from decision analysis to improve strategies for countering emerging infectious diseases.},
  author       = {Grant, Evan H Campbell and Muths, Erin and Katz, Rachel A and Canessa, Stefano and Adams, Michael J and Ballard, Jennifer R and Berger, Lee and Briggs, Cheryl J and Coleman, Jeremy TH and Gray, Matthew J and Harris, M Camille and Harris, Reid N and Hossack, Blake and Huyvaert, Kathryn P and Kolby, Jonathan and Lips, Karen R and Lovich, Robert E and McCallum, Hamish I and Mendelson, Joseph R and Nanjappa, Priya and Olson, Deanna H and Powers, Jenny G and Richgels, Katherine LD and Russell, Robin E and Schmidt, Benedikt R and van der Sluijs, Adriana Marieke and Watry, Mary Kay and Woodhams, Douglas C and White, C LeAnn},
  issn         = {1540-9295},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT},
  keyword      = {ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT,CONSERVATION,CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS,BIODIVERSITY,POPULATIONS,AMPHIBIANS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {214--221},
  title        = {Using decision analysis to support proactive management of emerging infectious wildlife diseases},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fee.1481},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2017},
}

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